Statistical Methods used by Engineering Professor Alexander (Sandy) Thom
Used here to prove a pattern in the Landscape exists in the Haut Vallée d'Aude
But firstly some background
This page is dedicated to man who showed us the way
(26 March 1894 – 7 November 1985)
A brief word about Professor Thom
Alexander Thom was an Engineer who lectured at Oxford and who was better equipped to study the astro-archaeology concept than 95% of all archaeologists whose understanding of mathematics is not a primary requirement for their discipline. In his lifetime Prof Thom received much criticism for even daring to make the proposals he made. A BBC Chronicle programme (from a time when the BBC was not afraid to tell the truth) shows his work and the opposition he received during his lifetime.The reason his work matters is because I believe that the CROMLECK of RENNES is comprised of churches and important places which have been placed upon previous sites of worship of a people from an indeterminate time. These people have been referred to by Henri Boudet in his book La Vraie Langue Celtique et le Cromleck de Rennes les Bains
In Boudet’s introduction from his book La Vraie Langue Celtique et le Cromleck de Rennes-les-Bains he says:
Throughout the Languedoc there are places
where Christian Crosses have been placed at points of previous pagan
worship these include rocks springs and places where three track-ways
St Eligius was the spiritual advisor to the Merovingian kings including King Dagobert 1. He said:
"Before all else, I denounce and contest, that you shall observe no
sacrilegious pagan customs. For no cause or infirmity should you
consult magicians, diviners, sorcerers or incantators, or presume to
question them because any man who commits such evil will immediately
lose the sacrament of baptism. Do not observe auguries or violent
sneezing or pay attention to any little birds singing along the
road. If you are distracted on the road or at any other work, make
the sign of the cross and say your Sunday prayers with faith and
devotion and nothing inimical can hurt you. No Christian should be
concerned about which day he leaves home or which day he returns
because God has made all days. No influence attaches to the first
work of the day or the [phase of the] moon; nothing is ominous or
ridiculous about the Calends of January. [Do not] make [figures of?]
vetulas, little deer or iotticos or set tables at night or exchange
New Years' gifts or supply superfluous drinks. No Christian believes
impurity or sits in incantation, because the work is diabolic. No
Christian on the feast of
Painting by Petrus Christus 1449CE
In the passage from Vita S. Eligius above you notice that GENISCUS (a corruption of Genius)is mentioned. These are described as witches by the Holy Roman Church.
However in Gaul, the Genius is often hooded (Genius Cucullatus) and appears either singly or in a group of three
Here is a 1st Century wall painting of a Geniscus
The similarity to the Goddess Hecate is obvious here
According to this
Saint Gertrude of Nivelle (A Merovingian by birth) was tasked with the
removal of pagan symbolism from the land.
According to this Saint Gertrude of Nivelle (A Merovingian by birth) was tasked with the removal of pagan symbolism from the land.
Gertrude's father was
Pepin of Landen (Pippin
the Elder), a nobleman from east Francia
had been instrumental in persuading the Merovingian King Clothar
crown his son, Dagobert
as the King of Austrasia.
Gertrude's father was Pepin of Landen (Pippin the Elder), a nobleman from east Francia and had been instrumental in persuading the Merovingian King Clothar II to crown his son, Dagobert I, as the King of Austrasia.
The eldest son of Dagobert I was Sigebert III and
his son was
The eldest son of Dagobert I was Sigebert III and his son was
You will remember that this Saint's name is used
You will remember that this Saint's name is used here
According to several sites, Saint Gertrude of Nivelles is the Christian Saint masquerading as the Roman Goddess Diana - The Moon Goddess.
OF THE HOLY ROMAN CHURCH WERE CONCERNED IN REPLACING
PREVIOUS RELIGIOUS PRACTICES WITH THEIR OWN AND THIS
INCLUDED THE REMOVAL OF PLACES OF WORSHIP AND PLACING
THEIR OWN CHRISTIAN IMAGES ONTO THESE SITES. IN DOING THIS THEY
WOULD HAVE INADVERTENTLY MARKED THIS SITE. IF LANDSCAPE
GEOMETRY HAD BEEN INVOLVED IN THE PLACING OF THE
PREVIOUS PLACES WHERE BRONZE AND IRONAGE MAN WORSHIPPED
THEN THIS WOULD STILL BE PRESENT IN THE PLACING OF
CLEARLY THE EARLY SAINTS OF THE HOLY ROMAN CHURCH WERE CONCERNED IN REPLACING PREVIOUS RELIGIOUS PRACTICES WITH THEIR OWN AND THIS INCLUDED THE REMOVAL OF PLACES OF WORSHIP AND PLACING THEIR OWN CHRISTIAN IMAGES ONTO THESE SITES. IN DOING THIS THEY WOULD HAVE INADVERTENTLY MARKED THIS SITE. IF LANDSCAPE GEOMETRY HAD BEEN INVOLVED IN THE PLACING OF THE PREVIOUS PLACES WHERE BRONZE AND IRONAGE MAN WORSHIPPED THEN THIS WOULD STILL BE PRESENT IN THE PLACING OF MODERN CHURCHES.
The Calvaire (Cross) placed for no apparent reason
where three roads meet
in the village of
PEYRO is Occitan for Standing Stone.
It matters because this author is trying to prove that a pattern exists in the landscape of several clearly defined areas of the world particularly France, Ireland and Britain and that ethnic cleansing by the Holy Roman Church has inadvertently marked these formerly sacred patterns with their placing the Holy Roman Churches "Images of the Saints" over previous places of worship by a much older civilizations.
Several attempts have been made using very simplistic and flawed mathematics and concepts to offer some kind of proof that no landscape geometry exists and that "patterns can be made to fit anything given enough points of interest". This flawed mathematics has been contested here this page will not concern itself with the points raised in that page and answering objections to this proposal but will concern itself in directly proving the validity of Landscape Geometry in various areas including the Haute-Vallée de l'Aude
. This proof will use the statistical methods used by Professor Alexander Thom in his comprehensive study of Megalithic sites of Britain and France.
The statistical methods and concepts of Professor Thom
In his first book published in 1967 called Megalithic sites in Britain he starts off with a detailed explanation of the statistical methodology he used. He says that throughout the book he will make extensive use of statistical theory. Throughout Thom uses 'standard deviation' ( ơ ) he makes use of the concept 'probable error' this can be defined as:
probable error = 0.67 x standard deviation ( ơ )
It would be best to quote Professor Thom directly at this point he says:
|When we write a length
L ± ơ then we understand that the chance of an error of 2ơ or more
in L is about 1 in 20 or 5 per cent.
The simplest case is where we have found the arithmetic mean of a number of measurements of a single quality. The deviation of each measurement from the mean may be called ε and the 'variance' is the mean of the squares of all the values of ε. The square root of the variance is then ơ, the standard deviation, so we have:
ơ2 = Ʃε2/n
where n is the number of measurements.
So long as we go on taking measurements of the same quality by the same method we should expect to get approximately the same value for ơ. It is a measure of the kind of deviation we should expect to get in any future measurement of the same kind. But when we form the mean of the group of our measurements we have a quality of a much more precise nature and this is expressed by the formula:
ơmean = ơ/√n
This is sometimes called 'the standard error of the mean' or sometimes the 'standard deviation of the mean'
It is important at this point to realise that Professor Thom took his measurements with a theodolite and not using GPS.
The GPS (Global Positioning System) is unsurpassed for determining where you are, however it was never designed for giving accurate bearings of distant objects from your position using a two dimensional map. A CONCEPT WHICH THE DETRACTORS OF THIS LANDSCAPE GEOMETRY HYPOTHESIS (e.g. Mariano Tomatis) FAIL TO GRASP. Although accurate measurements are possible the 'User segment' is limited. A University of New Brunswick study of GPS limitations can be studied in PDF format here.
However below you will find some GPS co-ordinates (in GPS format) of churches and points in the Haute-Vallée de l'Aude in Excel format taken by David Williams:
Whilst these are useful they miss the whole essence of the problem if the sun, moon and the stars have been used to lay out the landscape patterns and in a time perhaps before 3000 years ago
Professor Thom noticed that Pythagorean concepts were being used in the layout of stone circles.
Possibly by a people Abbé Henri Boudet called the
Julius Caesar, quoting Eratosthenes, described these Tectosages as
|"There was a time when the Gauls surpassed the Germans in bravery, carried the war to their homes, sent colonies beyond the Rhine because they were too numerous and did not have enough land. It is thus that the most fertile districts of Germany, in the vicinity of the Hercynian forest, of which Eratosthenes and certain other Greek authors had, as far as I can see, heard-they call it Orcynienne-were occupied by The Volct Tectosages, who settled there; this people still lives in the country and has the greatest reputation for justice and military value. "|
an interesting piece from Wikipedia says:
Tectosages Volques attended the " great expedition " of 280 BC. BC led them in Asia Minor where Tectosages form one of the three great nations of Galatians .Tradition holds that the current Volques Tectosages region Toulouse have participated in this great expedition. They have participated in the looting of the Delphic sanctuary and have reported in Gaul booty would be at the origin of the gold of Toulouse . This gold was recovered by the Roman army during the conquest of Gaul said Narbonaise, future Roman province of " Gallia Narbonensis ".
and the "Gold of Toulouse" possibly found in this lake
Otto Rahn's GRAIL LAKE
It is called Etang des Truites. There is no trout in this lake, trout have been unable to survive in this lake because of volcanic gassing activity resulting in low oxygen levels in the lake. There is however an endemic species of Golden Salamander. The word Truites is a corruption of the word Druides. It is described as Otto Rahn's Grail lake and the lake sits above another lake called Etang du Diable (Devils Pond). The lakes are on the slopes of (BS) Bartholémy and Soularac (Solar Rock) -
Reminding one of course of this
Saunière's Benitier with
Devil's Pond - Golden Salamanders - BS - and the Cross of the Royal Stars
Tectosages coin found in the region of Toulouse
Note that all coins found depict a cross similar to the PAX Chi Rho
or the Wheel of the Year.
You will find a link to a BBC Chronicle programme from 31st October 1970 called
that illustrates the true nature of the study needed.
Note the coincidence here that 31st October is the Celtic New Years Eve
A Scientific and detailed study of Megaliths, Cromlechs and Dolmens.
And the former position of these Megalithic sites replaced by Christian symbolism
(e.g. churches, statues and calvaires)
The All Saints church at Rudstone, Yorkshire, England
An example of Christian churches (images of the Saints) being on former places of pagan worship
The 40 tonne
RUDSTONE in the village of the
same name in Yorkshire
Notice the Christian church placed on what was once clearly a Pagan site of worship.
This stone was hauled from Cayton Bay 9 miles up hill to this spot
The question is why
What was so special about this particular spot that warranted the effort of placing a 40 metric ton stone at this spot?
Carbon Dating of organic material around this stone dates back 3000 years.
According to records the Norman Tower of the church was built around 1100CE. Although it has been suggested that the monolith may have arrived here as a Glacial Erratic all previous glacial erratic stones are always spherical in shape and roll into position by glacial action. This stone, is flat, and is at the top of a hill rising to 125ft ASL in a mere 5 miles from the sea. Glacial action does not tend to roll flat stones weighing 40 tonnes up a hill.