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MEGALITH STUDYCeltic Cross Mystery

DisclTHE FORUMaimer

French Masonry

Masters Carpet

La Franc Maconnerie La Bastille


"There is in Italy a power which we seldom mention in this House ... I mean the secret societies.... It is useless to deny, because it is impossible to conceal, that a great part of Europe—the whole of Italy and France and a great portion of  Germany, to say nothing of other countries—is covered with a network of these secret societies, just as the superficies of the earth is now being covered with railroads. And what are their objects? They do not attempt to conceal them. They do not want constitutional government; they do not want ameliorated institutions ... they want to change the tenure of land, to drive out the present owners of the soil and to put an end to ecclesiastical establishments. Some of them may go further...."

benjamin dISRAELI in the House of Commons, July14, 1856.


If according to Plato Zoion (Sion) is the union of the Soul with the body then the Priory of Sion would be the portal through which this can be attained. This can be attained in the heavens at the root of life Zo-ion when the images of the Gods in heaven align with the Zodiac.  

In the book Holy Blood and the Holy Grail it is explained in great detail how the Romanov Dynasty came to be influenced by esoteric enclaves who journeyed from France and it was here that the Protocols first burst into the public eye. These esoteric enclaves had direct contact with groups mentioned in the Prieure de Sion Documents and had influence on the Romanovs at the same time the Protocols appeared.  

Everyone is aware of Rasputin’s influence on the Tsarina but the Romanovs had also been principally influenced by a man they called Monsieur Philippe who was very likely the mysterious magician and healer known as "le Maitre Philippe" real name Philippe Nizier Anthelme. He was born in 1849 in Loisieux, Savoy between Lyon and Geneva and died 1905 in L’Arbresle, Rhône. He was also known as Maître Philippe de Lyon. Tsar Nicolas had given two greyhounds to him and Monsieur Philippe then boasted that he could talk to these animals. He also apparently stopped a hurricane for the Tsar.

Monsieur Philippe himself had a mentor who operated under the pseudonym Papus a person who also had direct influence on the opera singer Emma Calve through her Martinist associations. Throughout his life Papus had been a member of the Theosophical Society, the Hermetic Brotherhood of Luxor, the Golden Dawn’s Athahoor Temple in Paris, and the Ordre Kabbalistique de la Rose+Croix - L’OKR+C [Cabalistic Order of the Rosy Cross] founded by the Marquis Stanislas de Guaita.  Papus also founded the Groupe Indépendant d’Études Ésotériques [Independent Group for Esoteric Studies] and reconstituted the Martinist Order, an influential Gnostic Christian society and in many if not all of these groups he attained leadership. He was a physician and a hypnotist and is primarily remembered as an author of books on magic, Qabalah and the Tarot.

We know for certain that Papus (real name Gérard-Anaclet-Vincent Encausse) himself visited the Romanovs on three occasions, in 1901, 1905 and 1906, serving Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra both as physician and occult consultant. In October 1905, he allegedly conjured up the spirit of Tsar Nicholas's father, Alexander III, who delivered a prophesy through Papus that the Tsar would meet his downfall at the hands of revolutionaries. Papus allegedly told the Tsar that he would be able to magically avert Alexander's prophesy so long as he remained alive. His claim proved uncannily accurate, Nicholas kept his hold on the throne of Russia until 141 days after Papus's death. Papus seems to have served the Tsar and Tsarina in what was essentially a shamanic capacity, however he was later curiously concerned about their heavy reliance on occultism to assist them in deciding questions of government. During their later correspondence, he warned them a number of times against the influence of Rasputin. 

One person mentioned with Papus who, according to the Holy Blood & the Holy Grail was also associated with the Protocols of Zion and who is also from Carcasonne and who may well have known Saunière is a man called Jules-Benoit Stanislas Doinel du Val-Michel.

Jules Doinel had been the founder of the neo-Cathar church in the Languedoc and in 1890 had become the Librarian in Carcassonne. Doinel too had been a close friend of Emma Calve the opera singer who was a Superior Inconnu of the Martinist movement who has also been linked with Beringer Saunière. Doinel wrote prolifically on Cathar thought and by 1896 had become the secretary of the Society of Arts and Sciences of Carcasonne. The membership of this group included the Abbé of the church at Rennes les Bains Henri Boudet and although there’s no direct evidence for it, very likely Saunière as well. 

Doinel had previously had previously displayed the Martinist tendencies. The Martinist Movement, started by Papus, is based on the teachings of the French mystic and philosopher Louis Claude de Saint Martin (1743 – 1803) who took his lead from his mentor Martines de Pasqually who had in turn took his philosophy from Jacob Boehme, whom Louis Claude Saint-Martin called his ‘second’ master.  

Doinel had been fascinated with the Cathars and began a detailed study of their doctrine and those of the Bogomils, the Paulicians, the Manichaeans and the Gnostics. He eventually came to believe that the Gnostics were the true religion of the freemasons. In 1888 Doinel had a vision which he describes as the ‘Aeon Jesus’ appearing to him who charged him to begin a new church. The vision anointed him as Bishop of Montségur and Primate of the Albigenses. After this vision Doinel attempted to contact Cathar and Gnostic spirits in séances in the salon of Maria de Mariategui, Lady Caithness, Duchess de Medina Pomar. 

The Duchess of Caithness had long been associated with Doinel as she was a prominent figure in French Spiritualist circles of the time. She had been a disciple of Anna Kingsford[I A1]  who was the leader of the French Branch of the Theosophical Society. Anna Kingsford considered herself a reincarnation of Mary Stuart who had also a vision that told her of a ‘New Age of Our Lady of the Holy Spirit’. Doinel’s Gnostic séances were attended by other notable occultists from other sects, these included Abbé Roca an ex Catholic Priest and a close friend of Stanislas de Guaita and Oswald Wirth. Communication with the spirits was usually achieved by suspending a pendulum over a board of letters. 

One such séance allegedly received the following response from the spirit world: 

“I address myself to you because you are my friend, my servant and the prelate of my Albigensian Church. I am exiled from the Pleroma, and it is I whom Valentinus named Sophia-Achamôth. It is I whom Simon Magus called Helene-Ennoia; for I am the Eternal Androgyne [sic]. Jesus is the Word of God; I am the thought of God. One day I shall remount to my Father, but I require aid in this; it requires the supplication of my Brother Jesus to intercede for me. Only the Infinite is able to redeem the Infinite, and only God able to redeem God. Listen well: The One has brought forth One, then One. And the Three are but One: the Father, the Word and the Thought. Establish my Gnostic Church. The Demiurge will be powerless against it. Receive the Paraclete.” 

It is perhaps worth noting that this time at the end of the 19th century was the heyday of spiritualism and many people particularly from the aristocracy were drawn into sects and were generally exploited by them. 

Jules Doinel founded the Gnostic church on September 21st 1890 about a year before Saunière wrote his enigmatic messages in his diary. Doinel had apparently discovered a Charter dated 1022 in the library of Orleans written by a forerunner of the Cathars, a Canon Stephan d’Orleans who apparently had been a schoolmaster who taught Gnostic doctrines, he was eventually burned for heresy[i2] . Another apparent spiritual manifestation had been Guihabert de Castres a Cathar bishop who had been martyred at Montségur. At another séance in September of 1889 the “Very high synod of Bishops of the Paraclete” consisting of 40 Bishops manifested themselves and gave their names and they checked against names in the National Library. These also told Doinel to form the Gnostic Church and that he was to take the fourth Gospel, the Gospel of St John, as their Holy book and Doinel proclaimed 1890 as the “Era of Gnosis Restored”. Doinel took the mystic name Valentin II in homage to Valentinus, the 5th century founder of the Valentinian school of Gnosticism (he is the saint to which Saint Valentine’s Day is dedicated).  He consecrated a number of bishops, all of whom chose a mystic name which was prefaced with the Greek letter Tau representing the Tau Cross or the Egyptian Ankh. Doinel regarded himself as a direct descendent of John the Apostle. As such he was influenced greatly by the Johannine doctrine. Perhaps most significantly for our story, Doinel also proclaimed that the head of the Gnostic Church (initially himself) would always be chosen from direct descendents of John the Beloved, the person always depicted as having a feminine appearance in many paintings notably Leonardo Da Vinci’s Last Supper. The Gnostic Eucharist was called the Fraction du Pain or breaking of Bread. Doinel’s Gnostic church could be described as being essentially Roman Catholic in its practices and rituals but with the added dimension of mystical freemasonry. The Holy Gnostic Synod decreed: 

Article One

The re-establishment of the hierarchy permits the Restoration of Gnostic Symbolism.

Article Two

The Consolamentum, the Breaking of the Bread and the Appareillamentum of the Albigensian Assembly are re-established. 

Article Three

Bishops and their coadjutors can confer the Consolamentum. 

Article Four

Every pneumatic, Parfait or Superior Inconnu can perform the Breaking of Bread. 

Article Five

The Appareillamentum is the exclusive privilege of the Patriarchal seat. 

Article Six

L’Initiation will repeatedly publish the three rituals. 

Article Seven

The Martinist Order is declared to be of Gnostic Essence. Every Superior Inconnu takes their place at the level of the Parfaits. 

Article Eight

The Gospel of John is the Gnostic Gospel. 

Given at Paris under the seal of the Very high Gnostic Synod the 28th day of the seventh month in the year IV of the restoration of the Gnosis. 


T Valentin       

Gnostic Patriarch           

Primate of the Albigensians          

Bishop of Montségur, 1893


Amongst Doinel’s Gnostic bishops called “Sacred Synod of the Gnostic Ecclesia” consisted of the Gnostic coadjutor of Toulouse Paul Sédir (Tau Paul), Lucien Chamuel (Tau Bardesane), Gnostic Bishop of La Rochelle and Saintes. In 1892 Doinel also recruited “celebrities” from Parisian Society such as Louis-Sophrone Fugairon (Tau Sophronius) Gnostic Bishop of Béziers, Albert Jounet (Tau Théodotus) Gnostic Bishop of Avignon; Marie Chauval de Chauvignie (Sophia of Varsovie), the first Sophia to be consecrated who was also known as Escharmonde (after the bearer of the Grail in the Cathar legends) and Eugène Joseph Fabre de Essarts (Tau Synésius) Gnostic Bishop of Bordeaux.  

In 1895 Doinel curiously left the church he had created and resigned from his Masonic lodge and wrote a book called ‘Lucifer Unmasked’ under the pseudonym of Jean Kostka, remember that this was four years after Saunière’s discovery 40 km south of Carcassonne. Doinel had been a freemason attached to the Grand Orient de France Order Council and Doinel too had been a member of the Martinist Order of Papus. Doinel returned to the Roman Catholic Church in 1894 having previously displayed a remarkable earlier reverence to Albert Pike the well known Scottish Rite 33 degree freemason and author of the freemason’s bible ‘Morals and Dogmas’, a man known as the Black Pope and despite the fact that he is also said to be a founder of the Ku Klux Klan, his statue stands today in Washington DC.  Doinel had collaborated briefly with Leo Taxil (G.A Jogand-Pages), a man renowned also for his attack on freemasonry. Taxil, a former mason himself (who had been expelled from the order) said himself that these orders were satanic in nature and were controlled by the “Order of the Palladium” (Sovereign Council of Wisdom), which had been founded in Paris in 1737. Palladism had been brought to Greece from Egypt by Pythagoras in the fifth century, and it was this alleged cult of Lucifer that was introduced to the inner circle of the Masonic lodges consisting of the higher degrees, which was allegedly headed by Albert Pike.  

Doinel seems to endorse Taxil’s notion for in his book Lucifer Unmasked written after he re-embraced the Catholic faith again Doinel said in it: 

“The shiny star, Lucifer itself. Centre of Star is detached the letter G, the science of the good and the evil, the symbol of Gnose, the letter G, monogram of pride spiritual that we spell: Satan God.” 

Doinel attacked freemasonry in his book whom he regarded the senior degrees as worshippers of Lucifer.  

It is known for certain that Doinel had many dealings with the Bishop of Carcasonne Mgr. Félix Arsène Billard who had protected Saunière during his activities that eventually came to the attention of the Catholic Church. This is confirmed in a letter of correspondence between the French Novelist J.K. Huysmans and Doinel which is preserved in the Bibliothèque de l’Arsenal and filed under “Letters de Jules Doinel”. In his book Doinel revealed a ritual which belonged to the “Chevaliers Bienfaisants de la Cité Sainte” and this is from the inner order of the rectified Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. In the churchyard at Rennes les Bains a tombstone exists giving reference to this Order and this is also alluded to in Le Serpent Rouge.  

Amongst the first of the Gnostic bishops to be consecrated by Doinel was the man whom we have already mentioned the man known as Papus, a name that had been given to him by Doinel’s Gnostic Church and the name of the genius associated with physicians in The Nuctemeron, a work attributed to the legendary magus Appolonius of Tyana. His mystic name in the Gnostic church was Tau Vincent and he was designated the Gnostic Bishop of Toulouse. This is the same man who had some influence in the court of Tzar Nicholas II.  

Dr. Gérard Encausse (Papus), as well being a Gnostic bishop, had himself organised the original Martinist movement in 1891. The modern movement was re-constituted on August 13, 1960, by the fusion of two branches the Martinist Order “of Papus”, which was in full force and effect in 1952 and the Martinist Movement of Lyon which was under the Grand Mastership of Henry DuPont whose first Sovereign Grand Master had been in 1916, this same year Papus died whilst working as a doctor on the French lines. Philippe Encausee, the son of Papus had re-established his father’s Martinist movement in 1951. Tsar Nicolas II of Russia too became a Martinist after he invited Papus to Tsarskoïe Selo in 1900 to ask for his advice with regard to the revolutionaries. 

Papus too had been heavily involved in esoteric circles and this is confirmed through his books on magic. He was recruited to the Martinist movement around 1888 by a man called Joséphin Péladan, who claimed that a Babylonian King had left the title of Sâr to his family and who gave himself the name Sâr Mérodack Péladan or Marduk the Chaldean God associated with Jupiter. The name was chosen for its similarity to the Babylonian King Merodachbaladan son of Baladan, the king of Babylon mentioned in Isaiah 39:1. Their task was to recreate the Rosicrucian Brotherhood then known as “l‘Ordre Kabbalistique de la Rose Croix”. Péladan had written poetry that had also attracted the Marquis Stanislas de Guaita, who was a descendent of the Lombard family and he too became involved in the recreation of the Rosicrucian brotherhood. Péladan and de Guaita had reformed the Rosicrucian Brotherhood. Stanilas de Guaita was famously involved in a Black Magic duel with Joseph Antoine Boullan, a defrocked priest, who was a member of a rival lodge called the Church of Carmel which de Guaita and Wirth had tried to infiltrate. The Church of Carmel, which was formerly condemned by the Catholic Church in 1848, had also attracted the Countess of Caithness.  

Joséphin Péladan was a decidedly odd character and it is said that Saunière visited him and may well have been one of Saunière’s benefactors. Remember that Péladan had persistently boasted to have known the whereabouts of the tomb of Jesus, whether this was before or after Saunière’s ‘descouverte d’un tombeau’ it is not clear. It is quite difficult to believe that Saunière would associate with such a character but there may have been some mutual interest that caused them to meet. However it is more likely that it was through Péladan that Saunière had been first introduced to the opera singer Emma Calve. Péladan was a striking looking figure with a dark beard large mop of hair and protruding staring eyes but was a well known colourful figure in the cafés of Monmartre, where he apparently paraded in a variety of costumes. Sometimes he wore a monk’s clothes, sometimes a doublet with velvet breeches fringed with lace.  But he was no shallow poseur, he had a very creative mind and showed great versatility. He was a novelist; he wrote La Décadence Latine based on occult themes and it was the first volume of this novel that had attracted de Guaita. He is considered a very important literal figure in France having also written several romances but is little known outside France. 

The Qabalistic Order of the Rosy Cross (K.R.C) was headed by the Marquis Stanislas de Guaita around the time of Saunière he headed a supreme council of twelve but only six were given so the order could be resurrected in case of decay; their names were: 



Marc Haven (Dr Emmanuel Lalande)

Abbé Alta (Abbé Melinge)

Paul Adam (writer)

François Charles Barlet (Alfred Faucheux, astrologer and alchemist)


Other names linked to the K.R.C were:

Charles Detre (Teder)

Joanny Bricaud

Lucien Mauchel (Chamuel)

Constant Chevillon (killed by the Vichy resistance in 1944)

Victor Blanchard

Charles Henry Dupont

F. Jollivet-Castelot

August Reichel

Sedir (Yvon de Loup)

Pierre Augustin Chaboseau (he made Dr Ralph M. Lewis a member of Supreme council of the K.R.C)


Dr Harvey Spencer Lewis who began the AMORC in the US. 

Of these Péladan, Papus, Stanislas de Guaita and Paul Adam were also prominent Martinists[i3]  in addition to being members of the Qabalistic Order of the Rosy Cross. The Martinist movement generally consisted of three degrees but have also boasted a fourth degree which deals in Theurgy, the ‘divine working’, a philosophy based on Neoplatonisism and especially on the works of Iamblichus of Chalcis, who is said to have been the ancestor of the priest-kings of Emesa (Kadesh in the bible) which was known as ‘The Temple of the Sun’. The Theurgist philosophy works ‘like with like’ at the material level and with symbols and ‘magic’ at the higher level. Iamblichus, 250CE – 325CE who took his philosophy from the ‘Mysteries of Egypt’ had at the head of his philosophy the Monad whose first principle was the intellect – NOUS which is visually represented by a circle with a point in the centre. It is also worth mentioning that when members of an 18th century group known as the Illuminati, whom we shall be discussing later, wrote to each other they would also designate themselves by the same circle with a point in the centre. After the absolute ‘One’ Iamblichus introduced the DYAD or soul or psyche and this is again visually represented by the Vesica Pisces with a line dividing the centrally created ‘fish bladder[i4] ’ equally across the widest part from the central point of one circle to the central point of the other. The first and highest ‘One’ - NOUS was represented by Plotinus (of whom Iamblichus was a student) under three stages of (objective) being, (subjective) life and (realised) intellect was distinguished by Iamblichus into spheres of intelligible and intellective and a third sphere being the domain of thought and this leads visually to a third Vesica Pisces that joins the two ends of DYAD to the intersection of the two circles forming a equilateral triangle inside the nut-shaped ‘fish bladder’ called the TRIAD.  This was the basis Iamblichus’ cosmology, Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa, whom we shall be referring to in more detail later, refers frequently to Iamblichus in his work Occulta Philosophia. A principle member of the Theosophical Society Helena Blavatsky regards NOUS as the equivalent to the Egyptian MAAT, the universal intelligence, the rational divine ego. In the Kabala this is called ΝΟΥΣ which can also be read from the Greek as NOIS, NOIS literally ‘In a Nutshell’ and of course ‘NOIS’ is Old French for nutshell. However there is another meaning which will prove more significant.

Remember that Papus had also been a member of Blavatsky’s Theosophical Society. Papus never became a regular (Grand Orient) Freemason. He opposed Masonry as being atheistic, in contrast to the Esoteric Christianity of the Gnostic Church, the K.O.R.C. and the Martinist Order. Despite this, he organized what was announced as an "International Masonic Conference" in Paris on June 24, 1908, and at this conference, he received a patent from Theodor Reuss to establish a "Supreme Grand Council General of the Unified Rites of Antient (sic) and Primitive Masonry for the Grand Orient of France and its Dependencies at Paris." It was probably on this same occasion that Reuss conferred upon Papus the X° of O.T.O. for France, and Papus in turn assisted Reuss in the formation of the O.T.O. Gnostic Catholic Church as a child of l’église Gnostique de France. When English freemason and occultist John Yarker died in 1913, Papus was elected as his successor to the office of Grand Hierophant (international head) of the Antient (sic) and Primitive Rites of Memphis and Mizraim. This was a high position for a previous Grand Master of this Rite had been no less a person than Giuseppe Garibaldi. Papus’ influence spanned across many esoteric groups; however when World War I broke out he joined the French army medical corps and while working in a military hospital on the French front lines, he contracted tuberculosis and died on October 25, 1916, at the age of 51.

World War II was as disastrous for the Martinist movement as everyone else, the Nazis suppressed any movement of this kind and many European Martinists died in concentration camps. The Traditional Martinist Order still exists in America but is reserved exclusively for members of the Rosicrucian Order AMORC; it is however experiencing a revival particularly in America. All of these esoteric groups mentioned intertwine with their beliefs and many are members of all of the groups.  

One such close acquaintance of Martinist patriarchs, Louis-Claude de Saint Martin and Martines de Pasqually was Jean-Baptiste Willermoz. In 1773 and the following year he wrote a book called ‘Of the errors and the truth’ and it was published in 1775 by a member of the Elected Official Coëns a system of high ranks organised around specific doctrines concerned with Theurgy or Divine Magic.  On the deaths of Louis-Claude de St Martin and Martines de Pasqually in Haiti, Willermoz enters a new phase in his life. He comes into contact with a man called Baron Karl von Hund who began an Order known as Strict Templar Observance (SOT). This order dominated German freemasonry and cultivates a spirit of chivalry. Willermoz became a knight in this group and took the name Eques (Latin for knight). In the late 18th century he took over a group called the ‘Lyon Martinists’ even though a Martinist group would not be formed until much later when Papus formed the Martinist movement in 1889. Willermoz ran the ‘Lyon Martinists’ under SOT rules. In 1782 there was a general assembly of Freemasons of the Strict Templar Observance at Wilhelmsbad where they declared themselves an ‘affiliation of spirit’ and changed their name in France to the Chevaliers Bienfaisants de la Cité Sainte elsewhere they were called the Rectified Scottish Rite of Freemasons. With this we are drawn back to Rennes les Bains and Le Serpent Rouge for as I have already mentioned there is a grave in Rennes les Bains which alludes to this Order but also in the verse called Scorpio in Le Serpent Rouge which has a piece which is translated from French as “HE HAS PASSED, in doing GOOD as he of the flowery tomb” However this is actually rendered in French as: 

“IL EST PASSE, mais lui aussi en faisant LE BIEN, ainsi que xxxxxxxx CELUI la tomb fleurie.”

 It is not known for what reason the author included the x’s but the phrase written in capitals for some reason ‘IL EST PASSE’ can translate as ‘IT IS THE MASTER KEY’ and faisant LE BIEN is clearly an allusion to the Chevaliers Bienfaisants de la Cité Sainte. But it also speaks of CELUI la tombe fleurie and in the graveyard we have the tomb of Paul-Urbain de Fleury. Paul-François Vincent de Fleurie who married Gabrielle who was the daughter of Marie de Negri d’Ables d’Hautpoul Countess of Blanchefort, whose tomb has the anagram of the shepherdess message, and inherited the land that included Rennes le Chateau and Rennes les Bains through her dowry, their son was Paul Urbain de Fleury who is buried at Rennes les Bains. Curiously this man once had two graves although one has now disappeared. The stone called the “Fauteuil du Diable” (Devils armchair) was carved for the Comte de Fleury in the 18th century.

According to Pierre Plantard one of the founders of the Priory of Sion in 1681 is the Abbé André-Hercule de Fleury. He appears after Jean-Timoleon Negri d’Ables and Blaise d’Hautpoul (died 1694) and who died in 1743. On the right is the frieze over the confessional in Saunière’s church where Jesus stands on a Fleury (flowery) landscape. 

The Abbé de Fleury was born in Lodève in the Languedoc in 1653 and was the bishop of Fréjus in 1698 and became the preceptor for the young King Louis XV in 1715. He was a member of the Academy of Sciences and was a Cardinal and Prime Minister by 1726 at the age of 73. He extended the library for the King but interestingly he sent many of the members of the Academy of Sciences to the North and to Peru to measure the meridian. He also sent scholars to Egypt and Greece to search for precious manuscripts. 

In this impressive frieze from Saunière’s church can be found on your left as you enter Saunière’s church, just above the devil, the font and the angels and also above the confession box, below is the SAC A BLES inscription. It shows Jesus on top of a hillock and on it are scattered flowers and a money bag full of gold to the point of bursting. You could say it is a Flowery (Fleury) hill, there is a similar shaped hill called Roc Fuarbe that was once owned by the Fleury family.  

 Perhaps at this stage I should give a little more of the background of one one the main players in this mystery The Marquis Philippe de Chérisey and finally lay to rest the current suggestion that he was the originator of this entire mystery. 

Philippe de Chérisey is from the district of Lorraine in eastern France, far from the Languedoc. In 1967 he deposited his book CIRCUIT with the Library of Versailles and in the foreword to this book de Cheriséy makes the following statements: 

“A history seen through two stained glasses, the Tarot in the order and the song (of good king Dagobert) in the disorder, if one refers to the version given by Grande ‘Universal Larousse’ of the 19th century…….The reader who would like to discover a second CIRCUIT (NdA Cromleck) under circuit can restore the chapters in the order of the verses. Other structures were considered that we leave to the reader the joy of discovering himself……..As you will see, friendly reader, if you will be also intelligent (malignant) qu’ Amédée. 

In the book de Cheriséy hints that the place of his initial discovery is Rennes les Bains and he advises us to “Look at the side of what is shown”. 

He says: “The doctors prescribed me a cure in Rennes les Bains; obsolete thermal spa located on the meridian line zero. I was going to discover over there that if I had a cast, it was to avoid the look of the others whilst at the same time deal with the evasion of that secretly” 

Then de Cheriséy says something very significant. He says:  

“Two contrary desires share my heart, glory to publish all that at the great day, and to jealously keep this treasure without ever saying anything. My whole life needs to hesitate and I awake in the same moment that I die….. By the celibacy which is imposed on them the priests are the best guards of treasures than one can conceive…..A priest, because it is concerned [with] Sky and Earth, must meditate on the relationships of astronomy with the geography…..With the difference in the phenomena which should be seen to believe, Cromleck of RLB [Rennes les Bains] is seen only when one believes in it, nothing is really proven there, not even the roulers or hones it posed which will appear readily to the whims of nature.” 

In other words Philippe de Cheriséy discovered the landscape geometry and its association with astronomy as early as 1967 but chose to say nothing about it, saying also that it was not proven. He hints that he has left codes within the text that the reader can follow. Subsequent authors coming after de Cheriséy have confirmed that the landscape geometry is indeed real. The phrase “My whole life needs to hesitate and I awake in the same moment that I die” clearly means that he was born again in some kind of initiation ceremony or he became enlightened.  

 Another interesting piece of evidence from Philippe de Cheriséy is an interesting letter he wrote to Pierre Plantard on 6th July 1965.  

He firstly complains that Plantard has not answered his letter of 17th January (this date appears significant to these people). But the thrust of the letter is to inform Plantard that Gérard de Sède is in possession of the case files of the Priory of Sion that were stolen from 37 Saint Lazare, Paris and that de Sede is writing a book on the strength of these papers. He mentions that de Sede is in possession of the files of George Monti.  

Plantard had regarded George Monti as his mentor to whom he had been introduced in 1934 (Plantard would have been only fourteen) by his family doctor Camille Savoire. However it is on record that Plantard did indeed speak about this in 1942, but the problem is that Monti died in October 1936 so Plantard did not know him long. Monti died quite young at the age of 56 and he is believed to have been poisoned and this is just a few days after a bulletin in the journal of the Grand Lodge of France denounced him as an impostor and a Jesuit spy (he was in fact raised by the Jesuits). There has been a campaign to discredit Monti but what is true is that he became secretary to Josephin Péladan, whom we’ve already mentioned and who had created a Catholic Order of the Rose and the Cross after having been a Martinist, and he was also closely associated with Gerard Encausse, better known as Papus, the founder of the Martinist movement. Indeed Papus had dispatched Monti to Egypt in 1908 for some unspecified reason and Monti also became involved in the OTO (Ordo Templi Orientis) and through this had met Aleister Crowley, the self styled beast (666). Indeed Monti was described by one person as Crowley’s French representative who himself had spent an awful lot of time in the French Pyrenees in 1908. Monti called himself ‘Count Israel’ and formed a group called ‘Groupe Occidental d’Etudes Ésotériques’ – Western Esoteric Study Group and you will remember that Papus had also founded a Group called the Independent Esoteric Study Group. These groups, and according to some also the Priory of Sion, was linked to an ultra right wing group called the Hiéron du Val d’Or. Jean Luc Chaumeil states in his book Le tresor du Triangle d’Or that the Hiéron du Val d’Or practiced a version of the Scottish Rite Freemasonry and that the upper degrees of this order constituted the lower degrees of the Priory of Sion. The Hiéron du Val d’Or was vehemently pro-Monarchist and sought the re-establishment of the Holy Roman Empire. This new empire would have a reflection of heaven on earth that was specifically a Hermetic Arcadian Ideal. Chaumeil described the Hiéron du Val d’Or ideals as: 

“…a theocracy wherein nations would be no more than provinces, their leaders nothing but proconsuls in the service of a world occult government ruled by an elite. For Europe, this regime of the Great King implied a double hegemony of the Papacy and the Empire, of the Vatican and of the Habsburgs, who would have been the Vatican’s right arm.”


The similarity of these ideals to that written in the Protocols of Learned Elders of Zion is striking. Although why Jean Luc Chaumeil should say these things when, he later says, he was in the possession of de Chérisey’s writings all the time and that it is all a hoax is rather strange. The Hiéron du Val d’Or apparently started in 1873 and had a place near the Catholic Shrine of Paray-le-Monial in Burgundy where in the 17th century the mystic St Margaret-Marie-Alacoque saw visions of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. Paray-le-Monial, a former Roman settlement became a Benedictine priory in 973CE which was built over an ancient temple dedicated to the ”Mother of God”. I will talk about the Hiéron du Val d’Or in more detail in the last chapter. You are reminded that the Villa Bethania built by Saunière has the statue of Jesus and the Sacred Heart adorning its front façade and also we have some stained glass windows inside the Villa Bethania also showing two slightly different depictions of the Sacred Heart and these are shown on the left:


The left hand window shows a sacred heart bound by thorns wounded and bleeding with a crucifix coming out of the fire at the top. The right hand window shows the heart now bound by flowers with typical Languedoc wild flowers emerging from the top. This heart is run through with a sword. 

The sacred heart on the left is the sacred heart of St Vincent de Paul.  

If we return to de Cheriséy’s letter we perhaps may have a deeper insight into his thoughts, for example he mentions that Plantard had made some kind of deal for book rights with the prolific Rennes researcher Rene Descadeillas and that Plantard had 65% of the rights to a book called ‘Rennes and its last Lords’. But he seemed to be more worried that de Sède was now in possession of an original manuscript of Circuit before it had been published and that Circuit wasn’t his (Philippe de Cheriséy’s) work.  

The letter mentions Philippe Tuscan a film producer and cinema critic who was later to be arrested for possession of drugs in 1967, making headlines in some Paris newspapers. He had apparently been in possession of some research papers into the Priory of Sion having once been a member but was expelled in February of that year because of his drug taking. De Chérisey goes on to describe these papers as the truth ‘according to the Order that had been held by de Chérisey’s great-uncle Monsieur de Saint Hillier in the Chateau de Lys on September 19th 1736’. Plantard later said in an interview in 1989 that it was Philippe Tuscan who had written the Dossier Secrets and to be fair there is no reason to believe this is incorrect.  He also said in this same interview that the Priory of Sion does not go back to the crusades or to a Sous-Prefecture of Saint Julien en Genevoise in 1956 but was founded in 19th September 1738. (Note the discrepancy of two years with the date from de Chérisey’s letter.) Plantard says in this same interview that “Parchments held in London are completely authentic” and that all the official Hautpoul family documents up until 1337 were copied by Charles Rene d’Hozier de Serigny, Juge d’Armes on the orders of King Louis XIV and that the documents are notarised in 30th April 1781. They were reproduced in Montpellier between 1911 and 1913. Plantard says in this interview that with regard to the “famous” parchments (he doesn’t specify which ones) published by “a person” who claims authority on this matter (undoubtedly he means Gérard de Sède here) that it is a fabrication by Philippe de Cheriséy for a film on Rennes similar to that Jean Louis Fournier, based on a novel by J.M. Thimbaux called L’Or du Diable (The Devil’s Gold). He said that the original text is in the Bibliotheque Nationale in a book of Christian Antiquities. This was in 1989 and to date no such publication has been found in the Bibliotheque Nationale. Is this a reaction to Gerard de Sede’s books? Is this an attempt to discredit his work having obtained the Priory of Sion documents illegally? At the end of the interview Plantard says: 

“Would you mind telling me exactly who would believe the tall stories of Gerard de Sede? I intend publishing some letters by this individual on the subject of the Saint Clair family”.

Throughout all of the writings and publications of Philippe de Cheriséy he talks little about the Church of St Sulpice until he describes in Circuit the painting of Eugene Delacroix in the chapel of Angels. Even the most fervent opponents of the mystical aspects of this story have failed to come up with a positive identity of the authors of the document known as Le Serpent Rouge and there is a general view that whoever wrote this it was NOT Philippe de Cheriséy, it simply is not his style. The registered authors Pierre Feugere, Louis Saint-Maxent, Gaston de Koker are names of persons who were all found hanged on 6th & 7th March 1967 and were taken from newspaper articles that informed of their deaths. This is probably a correct assumption but this in no way invalidates the text and to find three such hangings available for use within a day of each other is a lucky coincidence that is hard to believe. The document itself contains a floor plan of St Sulpice that is signed by Louis Saint-Maxent, the plan of the Abbey of St Germain des Pres is signed by Gaston de Koker and the text is signed by Pierre Feugere.  

1967 was a very significant year in this saga for in addition to the publication of de Chérisey’s book and the deaths of the supposed writers of Le Serpent Rouge we have another suspicious death reported in a Paris daily on Tuesday February 21st. of that year. A Pakistani by the name of Fakhar-Ul-Islam was found lying at the side of the railway line near to Melun and is presumed to have fallen from the Paris to Geneva train at around 11pm on the 20th February (his watch had stopped at 11:27). His body was found by the station master of Melun at 4 am. Ul-Islam was 21 years old and according to the police carried dozens of visas of various European countries however he also carried a decree of expulsion from West Germany. This document carried photographs of other persons some in turbans and some Europeans. A curious thing is that Ul-Islam was clothed very elegantly and yet when the police searched on the train for his baggage none was found. Who travels across Europe from the French capital to Geneva with only the contents of his pockets?  

What this has to do with Rennes le Chateau mystery is found attached to the Lobineau document deposited in the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris entitled “Secret files of Henri Lobineau: Monsignor count de Rhédae, duke de Razes, the legitimate heir descended from Clovis 1st king of the Franks”. It contains the following sentence: 

“The business of Rennes le Chateau touches all the Languedoc, it even causes a small war between secret services. A case amongst others, the disappearance of the leather case of Leo Schidlof transported by a certain Fakhar-Ul-Islam. This leather case contained the acts as well as the secret files of Rennes between 1600 and 1900 and was to be given February 17th 1967 to an agent delegated by Geneva in West Germany. However Fakhar was expelled and was found in Orly February 16th. In Paris he awaited orders. He met on the 18th a certain Herbert Regis, engineer;” 

Again was someone using newspaper articles to include them or was there something to this? Nevertheless both the curious death of the three supposed authors of Le Serpent Rouge and the curious death of Fakhar-Ul-Islam falling from a train and travelling across France without any luggage is, to say the least a remarkable coincidence. The fact that his destination was Geneva is highly significant as we shall see.


Anna Kingsford was an extraordinary 19th Century woman. She was one of the first women in Britain to become a medical doctor, edited a feminist newspaper, and served as president of the Theosophical Society. She knew Helena P. Blatavsky, Eliphas Levi, and many other primary figures in Occult and Esoteric circles of the time. She was a principled vegetarian and anti-vivisectionist, and opposed foxhunting. She was considered one of the inspirations for the Golden Dawn, a ritual magic secret society which was one of the sources of modern neo-paganism, although she did not live to join it. In particular, the equality of the sexes in the Golden Dawn is acknowledged as her contribution.

Anna Kingsford claimed to be in contact with fairies as a child. As an adult she had channeled visions, both waking and in lucid dreams, in which she tapped esoteric knowledge imparted by angelic beings, travelled in time, and witnessed shamanistic visions of a vast cosmos alive at every scale of creation. These 'illuminations', as she called them, were exhausting and sometimes terrifying. Her close collaborator Edward Maitland worked with Kingsford to record her illuminations in this book, published after her death.

Much of the channeled and revealed literature of the 19th Century is surreal fantasy, invented pseudo-histories, or pure free-association. By contrast, Anna Kingsford's illuminations are consistent, coherent, and display a deep understanding of occult traditions. Her theology could be described as Gnostic Christian Polytheist. She had a radical feminist viewpoint which seems fresh even today, one in which a Goddess figure, the 'Sophia' of the Essenes, Gnostics and early Christians has a central role:

For the woman is the crown of man, and the final manifestation of humanity.
She is the nearest to the throne of God, when she shall be revealed.
But the creation of woman is not yet complete: but it shall be complete in the time which is at hand.
All things are thine, O Mother of God: all things are thine, O Thou who risest from the sea; and Thou shalt have dominion over all the worlds.

Kingsford was chronically ill her entire life; she died of complications from pneumonia at the early age of 42, on February 22nd 1888.

 [i2]No such charter exists today

 [i3]And almost certainly Harvey Spencer Lewis

 [i4](meaning of the phrase Vesica Pisces) [i4]

According to Morals and Dogmas, the freemason’s bible written by the Grand Commander of the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite[I A1]  Albert Pike, Christ fed his disciples and the multitudes with five loaves and two fishes. These according to Pike are the five minor (in esoteric terms) planets Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn coupled with the two Major spheres the Sun and the Moon and of the fragments there remained twelve, that is five and seven – i.e. seven celestial spheres and twelve zodiacal signs or months of the year. According to Pike there are seven archangels presiding over each celestial sphere, seven colours of the rainbow and the Phoenician Deity Heptakis was God of the Seven Rays. Seven and five (both prime numbers) made up the twelve months, twelve apostles and twelve tribes of Israel. Pike says “He who sends his message to Ephesus holds the seven stars in his right hand and walks amid the seven golden lamps”. There are seven lamps on the great candlestick of the Tabernacle and Temple, representing the seven planets of the ancient world. Pike also said:


“Every lodge is a Temple, and as a whole, and in its details symbolic. The Universe itself supplied man with the model for the first temples reared to the Divinity. The arrangement of the Temple of Solomon, the symbolic ornaments which formed its chief decorations, and the dress of the High-Priest, all had reference to the order of the Universe, as then understood. The Temple contained many emblems of the seasons – the sun, the moon, the planets, the constellations Ursa Major and Ursa Minor the zodiac, the elements, and the other parts of the world. It is the Master of this Lodge, of the Universe, Hermes, of whom Khurum is the representative that is one of the lights for the Lodge”.


Khurum is a compound word, according to Pike; he says that Khur means White or Noble. He says that the Egyptian Deity Horus (the son of the Widow) is called by the Greeks Her-Ra-Khurum or, he continues, collectively Hiram and is the same as Hera or Hermes or Heracles. Khurum was the king of Tsur in Phoenicia and Khurum Abai (Hiram Abiff) was also a Phoenician.      


In Washington DC David Ovason places the Capitol Rotunda as Regulus (Leo), the White House as Arcturus (Boötes) and the Washington Monument, an Egyptian Obelisk resembling a spike as the star Spica (Virgo). These buildings do indeed form a triangle with the necessary offset similar to the offset in the star relationship included in the design.  In Paris too rising and setting of certain stars have determined the layout of Louis XIV’s city and the orientation of the solar symbolism conforms to a choice of angle that is 26º north of west for the medieval final axis of Notre Dame cathedral, which is inextricably linked to the Feasts of St Michael du Printemps (8th May) and the Feast of the Transfiguration (8th August). This same angle determines the Le Nôtre epoch – i.e. the epoch of the Sun King Louis XIV through the construction of the Tuileries garden and the Champs-Elysées.


The name of the epoch is synonymous with André Le Nôtre who was the principle landscape architect for Louis XIV and the gardener of France from 1645 to 1700. Most notably, he was responsible for the construction of the park of the Palace of Versailles. He planned the Tuileries and he extended the vista westward, which would later become the avenue of the Champs-Élysées.

André Le Nôtre had made his career debut with the project of the gardens of Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte near Maincy and in between the Chateaus of Vincennes and Fontainbleau that “was initiated” by Nicolas Fouquet. He had purchased the Chateau at the tender age of 26 years old. Fouquet is the man who had been involved in that enigmatic letter describing the conversation between Nicolas Poussin and Fouquet’s brother the Abbé Louis Fouquet regarding things that ‘kings would be at pains to draw from him’. Le Nôtre then worked in partnership with Louis Le Vau and Charles Le Brun at Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte and the building site made him famous in the gardening world. On September 10, 1661, three weeks after having entertained the young King Louis XIV in an extravagant party, Fouquet possibly upstaged the king in extravagance that could only be explained by the notion (possibly on the advice Jean Baptiste Cobert who took Fouquet’s job after his arrest) that the king’s then Minister of Finance had been pilfering the kings coffers. Fouquet was later arrested by d'Artagnan[I A2]  and the great artists that were working on Fouquet’s project were all taken to work at Versailles instead. Among those moved to Versailles was André Le Nôtre who was then hired by Louis XIV to rehabilitate the gardens of the Palace of Versailles. He also laid out the radiating city plan of Versailles which included the largest avenue yet seen in Europe, the Avenue de Paris. He then designed and realized a number of other projects throughout France.

Le Nôtre died in September 1700 and is buried in the Église Saint Roch[I A3]  in Paris. During the revolution his grave was ransacked along with others buried in the church. Perhaps they had been looking for treasure for Le Nôtre became extremely wealthy in his lifetime. He assembled a collection of works of art, which included Italian paintings, as well as works from Dutch and Flemish artists. In 1693, Le Nôtre gave almost seventy paintings, bronzes, marble busts and porcelains to Louis XIV and this gesture was the humble (yet very rich) gardener expressing his gratitude to the king. One of his donations was Christ and the Adulterous Woman by Nicolas Poussin. In his heyday Le Nôtre had mingled with the greats such as Pierre le Vaux and Charles Perrault[I A4] . He had met the great architect Bernini and in his more mature years, he had met up with a much younger Christopher Wren. From 1656 onwards he had been in charge of all Louis XIVs building projects and was planning one of his greatest projects ‘The Grand Cours’ or ‘Perspective’. The idea was a wide avenue starting from the Tuilleries that would open the outlook from the Louvre towards the west. A contemporary plan now kept in the Archives des Hauts de Seine shows a vast straight avenue (later to become the Champs Elysées) flanked by rows of trees running from the Tuileries to the Pont de Neuilly. In the centre was to be a flat-topped hill then known as the Colline de Chaillot, on top of which Le Nôtre was to put a huge piazza in the shape of a star, this became the Place de l’Etoile (Place of the Star) which now holds the Arc de Triomphe that was placed there on the instructions of Napoleon Bonaparte. The central axis of the Louvre is set roughly east/west; if we follow this line, it passes through the famous glass pyramid that is installed in the Cour Napoleon of the Louvre museum. The line continues through the Arc du Carrousel but then Le Nôtre deviated the line to 26º from the north. This is to align itself with the axis of the much older and already existing Notre Dame Cathedral. The alignment of Notre Dame Cathedral is odd and we shall be discussing it later.

Le Nôtre’s garden plan of Versailles and many of his other designs are steeped in esoteric symbolism and is clearly some kind of Temple. Here is the secret that occupied the beliefs of these secret societies and they are outlined in these curious documents that they have apparently deposited in the Nation Library of France. If we go back to the Lobineau Document we see described in Planche no 4 it says that the Priory of Sion is NOT the successor to the Order of the Temple the separation being 1188. This is a curious claim for a hoax to make, whoever said it was a successor? However it says that one of the Grand Masters Guillaume de Gisors received the Golden Head which said “CAPUT LVIIIc” (CAPUT 58c; the c is the sign for the constellation of Virgo). This golden head has also been mentioned in the inquisition documents taken during the arrest of the Templars and it was thought that the Templars worshipped a head that they called Baphomet. The name Baphomet is most certainly taken to mean Sophia (wisdom) by using the Atbash Cipher and using the Hebrew alphabet and this is beyond any doubt. Nevertheless, this Golden Head is not Baphomet for once again the constellation of Virgo is mentioned again. Is CAPUT 58c referring to the Head and this head is 58 degrees on the astrological chart from the constellation of Virgo? Once again, the concept of death and rebirth is being connected to the rising setting of specific stars and constellations. 

When one reads books and publications written by followers of the occult or students of esoteric thought the one theme that is constant is their adherence to the science of Astrology, the oldest science known to man. The constellation of Virgo forms an important part of this science as it currently has the point in the precession cycle where the Sun rises at both of the Equinoxes. 

According to the belief of the respected Rosicrucian Max Heindel a person about whom we have been hearing a great deal and known collectively as the Count of St Germain (Sanctus Germanus meaning Holy Brother) is described as one of the later incarnations of Hiram Abiff, the architect of Solomon’s Temple. He is also said to be the incarnation of Christian Rosenkreuz the enigmatic individual born in the 14th century and the Head of the Rosicrucian Order. Also according to Heindel, Rosenkreuz had been Lazarus in a previous life, clearly these three characters, Hiram Abiff, Christian Rosenkreuz and Lazarus, have some connection. Also St Germain has been apparently linked with Sir Francis Bacon and according to Horace Walpole was also involved in the Jacobite rebellion and the French Revolution. In 1745, during the Jacobite rebellion, Walpole said he was arrested in London on suspicion of espionage but was released without charge Walpole said: 

“...the other day they seized an odd man, who goes by the name of Count St Germain. He has been here for two years, and will not tell who he is, or whence, but professes that he does not go by his right name. He sings, plays on the violin wonderfully, composes, is mad, and not very sensible. He is called an Italian, a Spaniard, a Pole: a somebody that married a great fortune in Mexico, and ran away with her jewels to Constantinople; a priest, a fiddler, a vast nobleman. The Prince of Wales has had an insatiated[sic] curiosity about him, but in vain. However, nothing has been made out against him; he is released; and, what convinces that he is not a gentleman; stays here, and talks of his being taken up for a spy.” 

Very little seems to be known about this Count of Saint Germain and the likelihood is that the name is somehow symbolic and has been used by many people over the centuries. During these centuries after his supposed death in the seventeenth century, numerous myths, legends and speculations have surfaced. He has been attributed with occult practices like snake charming and ventriloquism and there are stories about an affair between him and Madame de Pompadour, the well known mistress of Louis XV. Other legends report that he was immortal, the Wandering Jew, an alchemist with the elixir of life, a Rosicrucian or an ousted king, a bastard of Queen Maria Anna of Spain and that he prophesied the French Revolution to Marie Antionette. He may have met the forger Giuseppe Balsamo (alias Cagliostro) in London. The fact that the name "Saint Germain" was not exactly uncommon confuses matters even more. Most esoteric scholars regard the Count of Saint Germain as the identity of the Anti-Christ whom some maintain is still alive today. Interestingly he has also met Jemima Grey, the sister-in-law of Lady Anson at her home in Wrest Park in Bedfordshire, England and is recorded to have sung to her. He was a most curious man and many chroniclers have recorded that although he was a guest at many a high society dining table he was never seen to eat there, chosing only to go to these gatherings for the company.   

A possible solution to this mystery is that many occult groups honour the Count of Saint Germain as an ‘Ascended Master’. As such, he is believed to have many magical powers such as the ability to teleport, levitate, walk through walls, influence people telepathically, etc. Some esoteric groups credit him with inspiring the Founding Fathers to draft the United States Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, as well as providing the design of the Great Seal of the United States[i5] . In the New Age beliefs Saint Germain is always associated with the colour violet, the jewel amethyst, and the Maltese cross rendered in violet (usually the Iron Cross or Victoria cross style cross patee version). He is also regarded as the "Cosmic Master of the Seventh Ray" — according to Blavatsky’s Theosophy. The Seven Rays are seven metaphysical principles that govern both individual souls and the unfolding of each 2,158 year long Astrological Age, since according to Theosophy the next Astrological Age, the Age of Aquarius, will be governed by the Seventh Ray (violet in the rainbow : the Ray of Ceremonial Order). There are of course also those who have described the Count of St Germain as an extraterrestrial visitor. Perhaps his most important title is that Saint Germain is sometimes called "The Cosmic Master of the Age of Aquarius" the ‘New Age’ into which the spring equinox is moving.

You will remember of course that the Merovingian king Clovis in 555CE detained a certain Saint Germain where he healed the sick and who was educated at a place called Avalon close to Annemasse and Sion. The Church of St Germain du Pres in Paris, built on a former Abbey of that name and former necropolis for the Merovingian kings, is on the same rose line as St Sulpice and separated by the Rue Lobineau[i6] . In addition, you will remember that Nicolas Poussin produced many paintings for Cardinal Richelieu at St Germain en Laye[I A7] ; this included his painting of Mary Magdalene anointing the feet of Jesus that is curiously called Penitence. You will also remember that the other church in Paris immediately north of St Sulpice and on the Rose Line is called St Germain des Prés. The legends regarding this person or persons are so numerous that a whole book could be written about him/them. He is referenced in Theosophy on numerous occasions and almost inevitably, he has been associated with the Elixir of Life – The Philosopher’s Stone. C.W. Leadbeater, another Theosophist, said that he met St Germain in Rome in 1926 where he was shown a robe that had been previously owned by a Roman Emperor. St Germain told Leadbeater that one of his residents was a castle in Transylvania.

Unless one believes in reincarnation or immortality then we have to assume that St Germain is a kind of code amongst esoteric groups with a Rosicrucian base belief who is the equivalent of Hiram Abiff and is some kind of code amongst freemasons and Rosicrucians. There no definitive information as to who these persons are or their origins beyond speculation. Remember that I set out to try to decipher people’s beliefs, this does not necessarily mean that the reader has to assume that it is the truth being told by these eyewitnesses or these characters or even that it forms any part of my own belief. What is beyond doubt however is that to many people this has formed part of their belief and we must not lose sight of our objective that is to find out the beliefs and the motives of persons who have gone before and left us this symbolism.

Let us look in more detail at what the esoteric groups say about this Count of Saint Germain. As an Ascended Master he will have lived more than fifty thousand years ago in a Virgil like Golden Age civilization that thrived in a fertile country with a semitropical climate where the Sahara Desert is now, it was in fact an Arcadian existence that these Ascended Masters presided over.    

The title Ascended Master is held by many to be spiritually enlightened beings, who in past incarnations were ordinary humans but who have undergone a process of spiritual transformation, a process which says the Theosophical society all humans must go through. Helena Petrovna Blavatsky the founder of the Theosophical society of which Papus was also a member, brought the idea of secret initiatory knowledge by claiming her ideas were based on traditions transmitted to her by occult (hidden) means from a group of highly evolved human beings which she called Mahatmas or Masters. These Ascended Masters are individuals who gained mastery over the so-called matter plains and have fulfilled their Dharma or Divine Plan. Theosophy has had some surprising followers, for instance Air Chief Marshall Sir Hugh Dowding, the leader of the British Air defence during the Battle of Britain. Theosophy started with outwardly noble goals of bringing together humanity into one and seemed to embrace the spirit of enlightenment into science and nature and embraced philosophical ideals of Buddhism, Brahmanism and Zoroastrian principles. It envisaged a real Utopia for the world, however it went the same way as all large organisations and became corrupt and eventually split into factions where some have taken Blavatsky’s first principles but have altered them sometimes with disturbing trends towards anti-Semitism, tyrannical beliefs and even terrorism. 

This concept of Ascended Masters was developed further by New Age thinkers namely Alice Bailey, Helena Roerich, Manly P Hall and Guy Ballard. We have already noted the Order of the Temple of the Rosy Cross and the Mystical Order of the Temple of the Rosy Cross, this arcane school which was started by Alice Bailey who also began the Luciferian Trust later becoming the Lucis Trust which once had its headquarters inside the United Nations building in New York City.  

Under Blavatsky the Theosophical Society established an occult magazine in London in 1887 the name of this magazine was Lucifer. However more succinctly on this theme she said this in her book The Secret Doctrine: 

“One of the most hidden secrets involves the so-called fall of Angels. Satan and his rebellious host will thus prove to have become the direct Saviours and Creators of divine man. Thus Satan, once he ceases to be viewed in the suspicious spirit of the church, grows into the grandiose image. It is Satan who is the God of our planet and the only God. Satan (or Lucifer) represents the Centrifugal Energy of the Universe this ever-living symbol of self-sacrifice for the intellectual independence of humanity.” 

This is directly concurrent with Cathar/Albigensian belief however the Cathars still worshipped a spiritual God and spurned this Lord of the Earth – Rex Mundi. 

The teachings of the Ascended masters, according to the Theosophical Society, come directly from the spirit world. It says that all people will eventually attain their Ascension and move forward in spiritual evolution beyond this planet. These ascended masters are considered to be members of the Great Brotherhood of Light also known as the Great White Lodge or Great White Brotherhood, this brotherhood, it is claimed by them, works in the service of bringing the world into spiritual enlightenment. These are the direct teachings of Helena Blavatsky and were developed by C.W. Leadbeater, Alice Bailey and Helena Roerich. The term Great White Brotherhood was developed and became popular in 1934 with the publication of Unveiled Mysteries written by Guy Ballard who claimed to have been hiking on Mt Shasta in California when he was met by someone calling himself St Germain. Guy Ballard and his wife Edna started the “I AM Activity”. Unveiled Mysteries was published by their own St Germain Press, the followers of this movement eventually reaching 4 million. In 1952 Geraldine Innocente, delivered this address and purported it to be from an ascended Master called Sanat Kumara describing the founding of the Great White Brotherhood millions of years ago: 

“...I had nothing to work with but Light and Love, and many centuries passed before even two lifetimes applied for membership One, later became Buddha (now Lord of the Earth, the Planetary Logos Gautama Buddha) and the other, became the Cosmic Christ (Lord Maitreya, now the Planetary Buddha) The Brotherhood has grown through these ages and centuries until almost all the offices are held now by those belonging to the evolution of the Earth and those who have volunteered to remain among her evolution...” 

What we have here are two hits with the Shepherdess parchment. Lord of the Earth and Ad Genesareth - Towards the Earth’s source. The shepherdess parchment describes a phenomenon that occurs on 17th January as indicated by the inclusion of St Anthony the Hermit in the Teniers painting and the movement of the heavens and a Golden Age are referenced by the Shepherds of Arcadia. The light phenomenon called Blue Apples are generated by the raising of Lazarus window and fall upon the sacred heart inside a grail on an altar over the kneeling, weeping Mary Magdalene and the white dove, the Holy spirit, Spiritus Sancti  hovers over this grail. Here you are reminded of the plain parchment text: 

1 Then Jesus six days before the Passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. 

2 There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him. 

3 Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment. 

4 Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray him, 

5 Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor? 

6 This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein. 

7 Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this. 

8 For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always. 

.9 Much people of the Jews therefore knew that he was there: and they came not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead. 

10 But the chief priests consulted that they might put Lazarus also to death; 

11 Because that by reason of him many of the Jews went away, and believed in Jesus. 

Your attention is drawn to the last four verses. Here Jesus directly says he will not always be with the disciples and this is contrary to Christian teaching. It also says that the Jews came to see Lazarus, who is believed by some to be St Germain. The Jews did not come to see Jesus but then the chief priests said that they would kill Lazarus and that this caused many of the Jews to become Christian. This is what the parchment is saying and it borders on blasphemy. Is this the real message that the parchment is portraying; whilst we have been concentrating in blinkers at the encrypted text the main message has been in plain text all of the time? 

Readers will be aware that there is a general theme seems to link all of these esoteric groups together and that comes under the title of Rosicrucianism, which can be broadly described as a fusion between Christianity and Egyptian mysticism. As originally stated the Rosicrucian movement seems to have its origins in Islam and was brought into the modern movement we know in the early 17th century with three anonymous documents which are Fama Fraternitatis Rosae Crucis, Confessio Fraternitatis and Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz. The origins of these documents are respectively 1614, 1615 and 1616 with the notable exception that the Chymical Wedding has the suffix anno 1459. These documents speak of “the most laudable order” which promoted a “Universal Reformation of Mankind”. They all presented the legend of a German pilgrim originally referred to simply as C.R.C. but named in the last document as Christian Rosenkreutz. The Chymical Wedding appeared in Strasburg[I A8]  in 1616 and it became part of France in 1681, however the first Constitutions of the freemasons of Strasburg was signed in Regensburg in 1459 and shortly afterwards in Strasburg itself. These documents filled with symbolism and open to many interpretations seem to imply that Christian Rosenkreutz lived from around 1378CE and lived for 106 years but one has to remember that so much symbolism revolves around the story that these dates and numbers could well be symbolic also. In Fama Fraternitalis it describes the main character as Father C.R. and his ill fated pilgrimage to Jerusalem and his subsequent meeting with the Wise Men of Damcar who are secret sages and from them he learned the ancient esoteric knowledge of the east which included physics, mathematics, magic and Kabbalah. He made his return through Egypt and Fes and made acquaintance with the Alumbrados of Spain. On his arrival back in Germany Father C.R. and other brothers formed the Fraternity of the Rose Cross. These brothers then went throughout the world and used their knowledge to cure the sick and the service was free of charge. It says they met once a year in the “House of the Holy Spirit” (Santi Spiritus). Then one of the brothers doing restoration work in the House of the Holy Spirit discovered the entrance to the tomb of Christian Rosenkreutz and found it full of symbolic construction and they also found manuscripts and documents that would facilitate a new re-establishment of the order. Every brother was required to seek a worthy person to succeed him after his death and the word CR should be their seal, mark and character.  

In Confessio Fraternitatis they specifically state that they envisage objects and ideas in terms of their numeric aspects in the Pythagorean tradition and it also says: 

“We speak in parables, but would willingly bring you to the right, simple, easy and ingenuous exposition, understanding, and knowledge of all secrets.” 

Consequently, it has been very difficult to quantify what the Rosicrucian writings are trying to say. One writer Maurice Magre [i9] says that Christian Rosenkreutz was the last descendant of the Gemelschausen, a German family that flourished in the 13th century, their castle stood in the Thuringian Forest on the border of Hesse and this family was very likely Cathar sympathizers if not Parfaits themselves.  

In truth most of what we know about the early Rosicrucians is guesswork however a famous modern Rosicrucian called Max Heindel[i10]  has given us some insight in his book published in 1909. It is a magnum opus in Christian Mysticism practices and more importantly an Occult literal study work. The publication, called The Rosicrucian Cosmo-Conception or Mystic Christianity, consists of more than 700 pages and the book resulted in its author founding the Rosicrucian Fellowship between 1909 and 1911 and was billed as the herald of the Aquarian Age. The Rosicrucian Fellowship conducts spiritual healing services, offers correspondence courses in Esoteric Christianity, Philosophy, and Spiritual Astrology and Bible interpretation, and gives the address of its headquarters as Mount Ecclesia in Oceanside (California). 

Max Heindel was of the von Grassoff family and directly connected to the German Royal Court at the time of Count Bismarck. He had a curious childhood for a man of noble birth, the family had migrated to Copenhagen and then his father died when he had been six years old leaving his mother and three small children in poor circumstances, nevertheless his mother’s noble self denial ensured that her three children received private tuition. Then curiously, at the age of sixteen this man with royal blood became an engineer in the shipyards of Glasgow, Scotland. He was later chosen as a chief engineer on a trading steamship of the Cunard Line and this took him on trips all over the world and gave him a great deal of knowledge of the world and its people. Part of this experience took him to America and between 1895 and 1901 he worked as a consulting engineer in New York City and during this time got married, however his wife was to die in 1905 and left him with a son and two daughters. He moved to Los Angeles to seek work, began to study metaphysics, and significantly began attending lectures by the theosophist C.W. Leadbeater and he eventually joined the Theosophical Society, founded by Helena Blavatsky in 1875 and became their vice-president in 1904 and 1905. Now a vegetarian he began an intense study of astrology and through this interest he was to meet his second wife Augusta Foss. 

Max Heindel states that Christian Rosenkreutz has the mission to: 

“Prepare a new phase of the Christian religion to be used during the coming age now at hand, for as the world and man evolve so also must religion change” 

To put it another way this is a call to a New Golden Age reminiscent of Arcadia and this movement exists for the betterment of humankind. 

There does however seem to be another movement called Antiquus Mysticusque Ordo Rosæ Crucis Ancient Mystical Order of Rose Cross or more commonly AMORC, however their full name seems to be Ancient and Secret Order of the Red Rose and of the Golden Cross[i11]  or AAORRAC. Firstly, the fundamental difference between this movement and Max Heindel’s Rosicrucian Fellowship is that the AMORC are a society with secrets. They take their teachings from Ancient Egypt but specifically from the Pharaoh Tuthmosis III who is best known for formulating the world’s first monotheistic belief. The main subjects studied by this group are the ideas of the major philosophers and consist of: 

·         Material and Spiritual Alchemy

·         Sacred Architecture

·         Mystical Schools

·         Breathing techniques

·         Meditation

·         Natural, Mystical and Artificial Symbolism

·         The Great Religious Movements

·         Ideas of Pythagoras, Thales, Solon, Heraclitus, Democritus et al

·         The Psychic Body

·         The Mystery of Karma

·         Reincarnation

·         Traditional Rosicrucian healing techniques.


The English speaking Grand Lodge of the AMORC for the Americas is at Rosicrucian Park in San Jose, California but the supreme Grand Lodge meets annually in Lachute, Quebec, Canada. Their hierarchy consists of Imperator and Grand Masters but on a local level, affiliated groups are organized into Lodges, Chapters, Pronaoi or Atrium Groups. In 1990, there was a dispute over the leadership of Imperator Gary L Stewart that was prompted by accusations of embezzlement from a few members of the board of directors. In April 1990, a lawsuit was filed preventing Stewart from returning to the AMORC’s properties when a Temporary Restraining Order was filed until the trial. The vice chairman Christian Bernard was voted in by the board of directors to assume Stewart’s official duties and an installation ritual was held at the Fairmont Hotel in San Francisco, California. The lawsuit against Stewart never materialized and eventually a settlement was made out of court on August 10 1993 when the Board dismissed their case against Stewart with prejudice. In January 1991, Bernard legally dissolved the original Supreme Grand Lodge and reincorporated a new Grand Lodge in Quebec, Canada. This was opposed by Stewart who subsequently founded the Order Militia Crucifera Evangelica and assisted with the formation of the British Martinist Order and other organizations formed because of the schism.  

It was Harvey Spencer Lewis who had visited France in 1909 in search of the Rosicrucians and he was contacted by someone and initiated into the movement in Toulouse. This was likely to be a member of the Qabalistic Order of the Rosy Cross founded in 1888 with Marquis Stanislas de Guaita the first Grand Master.  Lewis returned to the US and founded the AMORC in New York City in 1915. The most interesting aspect of Harvey Spencer Lewis is his title, which is: 

Dr Harvey Spencer Lewis F.R.C., S\I\ . 33º 66º 95º PhD 

The F.R.C. is of course his title as Fraternitas Rosæ Crucis however, the S\I\ identifies him as a Superior Inconnu in the Martinist Movement as was Stanislas de Guaita.  

It is a fact that esoteric groups tying themselves to the modern Rose Cross concept are many. A by no means exhaustive list is shown below: 

A group called FUDOSI or FUDOESI [I A13] was started on August 14th 1934 in Brussels and was a Federation of esoteric groups and societies. It was an attempt to create a federation of all true mystical orders created with the purpose of protecting themselves against from frauds. Twelve members were selected to form a Supreme Council at its inception in 1934 and these were led by 3 Imperators.

 These were:

Sar Hieronymus (Emie Dantinne) Imperator of Europe

Sar Alden (Harvey Spencer Lewis) Imperator of the American Continent.

Sar Yesir (Victor Blanchard) Imperator of Eastern Europe  

A group with outwardly no apparent link to the Rosicrucians is Centro Sagrado de Isis (Sacred Centre of Isis) started by a psychologist, again from Germany called Dr Heide Fittkau-Garthe and is located in the Canary Islands at 18º west and 18 is the number of Isis. The star of Isis is Sirius, the Dog Star (Canis Major) and it is the belief of this author that the Canary Islands took their names from this star. This cult has links to the Ordre du Temple Solaire OTS (Order of the Solar Temple)[i14]  who were responsible for a mass suicide of cult members in France, Switzerland and Canada and Dr Heide Fittkau-Garthe was arrested by Spanish Police after a tip off by her own daughter on January 8th 1998. She was charged with inducement to suicide of 31 persons of her cult and their planned attempted murder on the following Thursday. Amongst her possessions taken at her arrest were a rose, a cross and a photograph of Luc Jouret one of the founder members of the Ordre du Temple Solaire. Jouret was a known scholar on subjects such as freemasonry and the Cathars and expounded New Age theories. He claimed to be a reincarnated member of the Knights Templar and he was an active member of the political Parti Communautaire Européen based in Belgium. This movement is said to have been controlled by Gladio a clandestine NATO and CIA run Stay-behind operation that was scheduled to stay in Italy after World War II initially intended to counter Warsaw Pact countries should Italy become overrun during an invasion of Western Europe. Gladio however has become a watchword for clandestine operations in all European countries including non-NATO countries such as Spain. Gladio operatives are thought to have carried out false flag operations particularly in Italy during an era known as the Anni di Piombo (Years of Lead). Gladio members may well have been involved in false flag operations which resulted in the accusations against the German Red Army Faction and the French Action Direct. There is strong evidence that the Brabant massacres for which the far right movement Westland New Post (WNP) were blamed was in fact carried out by Gladio operatives. These are mere accusations and are in fact still being debated amongst parliaments in the countries affected but what is true is that NATO and the CIA did indeed leave behind paramilitary groups in case of a Soviet Invasion of Western Europe.

Jean-Marie Abgrall M.D. a French psychiatrist, criminologist and expert in forensic medicine and cult expert, became an expert witness in such matters in the Law courts of France. He is especially knowledgeable on Scientology, Children of God and the Order of the Solar Temple cults. Dr Abgrall said to the Le Point magazine in February 2003 that there existed quite definite links between the Operation Gladio networks and the Order of the Solar Temple. He also claimed that the AMORC (Ancient and Mystical Order Rosæ Crucis; (he had inside knowledge here as he was a member himself) was linked to Foccart Networks.

The Order of the Solar Temple once tried to buy the Villa Bethania, Saunière’s luxury residence in Rennes le Chateau.

The denial that in this world there no are societies and groups that hold secrets and power is a futile stance taken by many, it has all been solved and we common members of the profane masses should not concern ourselves with it anymore. Of course, humanity forms itself into groups; of course, these groups consolidate their power by holding secrets from the rest of us, everyone knows that knowledge is power. I suspect we will still have those who will deny all that is in this book; frankly, I have little time for these people. I have nothing to live up to by them, they take it or they leave it.

The point we have reached here in this chapter is the inevitable pinpointing of those responsible for this mystery and the actual essence of the mystery. For although we have solved many problems and anomalies we have not yet arrived at the real mystery. As we have seen we have in this chapter described many cults and the degree to which they will go in order to gain power over other groups. We ignorant masses (described by them as the profane) get caught up in the middle of this constant battle between these esoteric groups, whose only motivation is looking for meaning which science cannot solve for them.

It is my belief that the formation of the Priory of Sion was one such weapon invented to wrong foot their rivals as their secretary Gino Sandri put it so clearly in an interview:

“… Generally, the Priory of Sion does not aim at the general public but it is necessary to act in the century in a subtle way. There is thus alternation of periods which the Priory of Sion is much questioned and others where one speaks about it less. To answer your question precisely, in 1955, Pierre Plantard de Saint-Clair, vis-à-vis with a tended situation, with covetousness of all kinds, decided to divert the attention while assembling what we sometimes called an intoxication according to a thoroughly elaborate plan. I can quote you an anecdote. In 1977, whereas we put the last hand at the work published under the title: “Le trésor du Triangle d’Or” I discussed with him the booklets diffused under certain pseudonyms (Lobineau, Blancassal….) and allotted to Alpina. He entrusting my feeling, he answered me of TAC with TAC: It is exactly that, you understand, in 1956, one sought to attack me, and then I countered while launching the business of Rennes-le-Chateau. It should be said that everyone found its account there, including Mr. Corbu who created the hotel with restaurant there. The fishing net in which everyone was to gather was an installation. Acknowledge that it was successful.”

What we have here is an admission that the original Saunière story as portrayed by Noel Corbu is lies intermingled with some truth, it also indicates that the heart of the mystery is not Rennes le Chateau, but perhaps the most relevant sentence made by Sandri is this one:

 “There is thus alternation of periods which the Priory of Sion is much questioned and others where one speaks about it less.”

This is a direct teaching of the original Brotherhood of the Rosicrucians and indeed one must remember that the correct name for the main group we have been following is the Prieuré de Sion Ordre de la Rose-Croix-Véritas and this heading appears on the top of list[i15]  of Grand Masters

All of the groups loosely termed the Western Mystery Tradition seem to have its roots in the Tradition of the Rose Cross. This does of course include the Priory of Sion, who, according to the Dossiers Secrets also seems to link its origin back to this Alexandrian sage that they say was called Ormus. Nevertheless, this founder may have been Ormesius who founded a monastic Society of Ormus, which included the Therapeutae of Alexandria and the Essenes of Qumran. The Gnostics maintain that Ormesius was a convert of St Mark and it was Ormesius who synthesized Christianity with the teachings of Alexandria. We have this from the 18th century:

“According to Baron de Westerode, the founder of the Rosicrucians was one Ormesius, who had been converted by St Mark, at Alexandria in AD 46. He purified the Egyptian Rites, and reconciled them with Christianity, carrying his disciples with him; had founded the Society of ORMUS, or of the Light, each member wearing a red cross. To this society the Essenes and Therapeutae joined themselves, and conserved the Masonic Secrets”

This passage came from the Antiquities of the Illuminati[i16] 

This logo on the right of the heading shown may have been formed with a “Double Entende” and also shows a link between Virgo and Ursa Major but also seems to suggest the name ORMUS. This Rosicrucian brotherhood is an amalgamation of Christian and Egyptian mysteries and one must keep in mind that Christianity forms an essential part of their belief even though they appear to embrace some pagan ideals. Émile Dantine (1884-1969) seems to think that this original group embraced some ideals that were later to become Islamic ideals.

The three essential publications of the Rosicrucians known as the Rosicrucian manifestos, which appear to be an anchor for all subsequent modern occult and Hermetic societies, some of whom may have less Christian base in their makeup than the Fraternity of the Rose-Croix brethren, are from the 17th century they are:

·         The Fama Fraternitatis (1614) – describing how Father C.R. (Christian Rosenkreutz) began his pilgrimage at 16 yeas old and received tutelage from wise men of Damcar, Arabia from whom he learned the ancient esoteric knowledge by studying physics, mathematics, magic and Kabbalah. The most significant passage to come from this publication that is significant to the story here is this sentence:

o   Howbeit we know after a time there will now be a general reformation, both of divine and humane things, according to our desire and the expectation of others; for it is fitting, that before the rising of the Sun there should appear and break forth Aurora, or some clearness, or divine light[I A17]  in the sky. (p. 81)

·         The Confessio Fraternitatis (1615) – This declares the existence of the secret brotherhood and sages who were preparing to transform the political and intellectual landscape of Europe. In Confessio we have the following passage:

o   “But we confess and witness openly with the Lord Jesus Christ, that it shall first happen that the stones shall arise, and offer their service, before there shall be any want of executors and accomplishers of God’s counsel; yea the Lord God hath already sent before certain messengers, which should testify his will , to wit, some new stars which do appear and are seen in the firmament in Serpentario and Cygno, which signify and give themselves known to everyone, that they are powerful Signacula of great weighty matters Now there remains yet that which in short time, honour shall be likewise given to the tongue, and by the same; what before hath been seen, heard, and smelt, now finally shall be spoken and uttered forth, when the World shall awake out of her heavy and drowsy sleep, and with an open heart, bare-head, and bare-foot, shall merrily and joyfully meet the new arising Sun.”


The Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz (correct title: Chymische Hochzeit Christiani Rosencreutz anno 1459).  Edited in 1616 in Strasbourg wich was annexed by France in 1681[i18]  the supposed author (or editor) was Johann Valentin Andreae, a German theologian. The story is a romance allegory and has been an inspiration for many poets and refers to alchemy, for which the Sacred Marriage is the goal it is also been used by initiates through the ritual contained therein and speaks of purifications, death, resurrection, and ascension. The manifesto contains much symbolism and the story invites Rosenkreutz to assist in a Royal Wedding. This invitation includes the Monas Hieroglyphica [i19] of John Dee [i20] and this is the strange cross is shown next to the invitation.

The story is subdivided into seven days or seven journeys and describes how Christian Rosenkreutz is invited to a wonderful castle full of miracles in order to assist in the Chymical Wedding of the King and Queen. The story starts on Easter Day and an Angel, dressed like the sky and bespangled with golden stars, gives him a letter (one of many she had in her possession), and startles Christian Rosenkreutz. He found a small seal on the letter on which there was a curious cross and the inscription that we have already come across above the entrance to Saunière’s church:


He opened the letter, it was an invite to a Royal Wedding, and that he should take care to be thoroughly cleansed before attending. Rosenkreutz said that he had predicted the invite many years before by the alignment of the planets. The next seven days then describe his journey to a castle and his experiences therein and finally Rosenkreutz is admitted into the chivalric order called the Knights of the Golden Stone, this is clearly reminiscent of the Knights Templar. It is clear that the theme of the Chymical Wedding is the amalgamation of Christian ideals and ancient teachings from Alexandria inside a brotherhood to preserve its secrets.

Whatever the original motives for beginning the Order of the Rose Cross it is clear that the Priory of Sion; Order of the True Rose Cross modelled itself upon Rosicrucian teaching and wished to be associated with it. Indeed the author of The Chymical Wedding of Christian Rosenkreutz, Johann Valentin Andreae is listed as a Grand Master of the Priory of Sion.

Who exactly are the Rosicrucians and more importantly what is the principle reason for their existence? The Catholic Encyclopedia says:

“Its beginnings have long been a matter of controversy and are still largely a subject of research. The more these origins are studied, the farther they seem to recede into the past”

The general opinion of most scholars is that their makeup involves Egyptian, Hellenic, Armenian, Hebrew Kabbalah, Gnosticism and Hermeticism systems and is probably the source of all Hermetic Christian tradition and alchemy. The Canadian born author and mystic Manly Palmer Hall[i22]   was a 33º Freemason of the Scottish Rite and said that “many of the great minds of antiquity were initiated into secret fraternities by strange and mysterious rites, some of which were extremely cruel”. He went on to say, “The most celebrated [ceremonies] were those of Isis, Sabazius, Cybele, and Eleusis. He said that Plato was such an initiate and was severely criticized for revealing much of the secret philosophical principles of the Mysteries. He then said “Every pagan nation had (and has) not only its state religion, but another into which the philosophic elect alone have gained entrance”.

So what is the Rose Cross that is normally symbolized by a five petal red rose inside a white cross?

The clue to this answer has already been hinted at, the proof comes from the Manifestos, and in particular the Confessio Fraternitatis and the passage repeated above which says:

“….some new stars which do appear and are seen in the firmament in Serpentario and Cygno”

This of course refers to the constellations of Ophiuchus (the Serpent Holder) and Cygnus. Cygnus is the Northern Cross and although symbolised by the swan flying along the Milky Way it is by a mild stretch of imagination the shape of the crucifix and its brightest star Deneb α Cygni forms one of the three stars of the Summer Triangle. As already mentioned there was a supernova known as Keplar’s Star[i23]  that was observed on October 17th 1604 at the heel of the Serpent holder Ophiuchus. The supernova was seen and reported by many including Brunowski in Prague who notified Johannes Keplar, Altobelli in Verona, Clavius in Rome and Capra and Marius at the observatory in Padua. The supernova surpassed Jupiter in brilliance within a few days and became visible in the twilight by November. It reappeared to Keplar in January 1605 and he recorded it as being still brighter than Antares and it remained visible until March 1606. In 1941 astronomers at Mt Wilson identified the gaseous remnant of Keplar’s supernova and this young supernova remnant has been catalogued 3C 358 and G4 5+6.8. We know that this supernova is the one that impressed itself upon the Rosicrucians because of the etching called The Temple of the Rosy Cross (shown above left).  What is clear here is that the figure on the top left is the Serpent Holder and underneath it is written the date 1604 and here is an unambiguous reference to Keplar’s supernova of October 1604. You will remember that the Serpent Holder Ophiuchus and the main star of this constellation is also referred to by the Arabs as Al Ra’I or The Shepherd. The star on the right hand top corner is clearly the swan and this is confirmed as the constellation Cygnus in the Confessio Fraternitatis. However, we have no date underneath here and what is more there was no supernova in the Middle Ages in the constellation of Cygnus. The only one on record is if we go back 15000 years, back to the “L’Age du Renne” the era from whence came a young Homo Sapiens woman found in the Dordogne area that was reportedly the earliest known modern (wise) man yet found and curiously nicknamed “The Magdalenian”. Was this supernova from 15000 years ago recorded by some ancient astronomer and the records of this have been preserved in some secret document or spoken tradition handed down through the ages?

Remember that according to the Zohar, the book of Splendors that came from Toledo, a seat of learning where Eastern philosophy blossomed alongside Western teaching, the earthly paradise (Arcadia) is called ‘The Bird’s Nest’ and prophesy says that the Messiah would reveal himself in Galilee (Towards Genesareth?) The Zohar says that the Star of all colours would appear in the east and the power of the Messiah would be made manifest and the Messiah would enter his place i.e. The Bird’s Nest where angels would offer him gifts. The Bird’s Nest occupies the central Sephirah, (Tephirah) on the branches of the Tree of Life where the Phoenix egg will hatch. The archangel Michael (whose star is Aldebaran) rules the Sephirah.

The story written by Eratosthenes regarding the Greek Myth surrounding Cygnus is worth relating here in this regard. He says that Zeus one day took a fancy to the nymphe Nemesis. To escape his unwelcome advances she assumed the forms of various animals finally taking flight as a goose. Not to be outdone Zeus continued the pursuit constantly transforming himself into a swifter faster animal until he finally became a swan and went in pursuit of Nemesis who was now a goose. In this form, Zeus caught her and raped her. Nemesis produced two eggs, one was then given to Queen Leda of Sparta[i24] , a passing shepherd Hermes found this egg in a wood and out of this egg hatched the beautiful Helen of Troy. From the other egg hatched Castor and Polydeuces (Pollux) and the shell of this egg, it was said, was put on display at Sparta.

Each year pilgrims descend on the Temple of Brahma Pushkar, Rajasthan, India. Brahma is the creator God of Hinduism who emerged from a cosmic egg laid by Hamsa, the swan-goose. Ancient Egypt cosmology speaks of “The Great Cackler” a cosmic goose.  

There is a seemingly trivial story from Greek legends featuring Castor and Pollux that takes on a significant new meaning in our story. This is because of a drawing made by Nicolas Poussin of a sculpture that is now on display in the Museo del Prado, Madrid and the curious history of this sculpture, which seemed to induce great interest from prominent people that we have already mentioned in this story. The sculpture features two nude male youths both with laurel wreaths and leaning on each other behind them is a statue of a female divinity holding what appears to be an egg. The story of this statue gets yet more intriguing for the left hand figure was originally headless and could be as old as the 5th or 4th century BCE. However, its first appearance is registered in the Ludovisi collection 1623 and later transferred to the collection of Cardinal Camillo Massimo where Nicolas Poussin who worked for the Cardinal, subsequently copied it in pen and brown wash in 1628. The left hand, formerly headless figure of this sculpture was undoubtedly used as the model for the left hand white shepherd in his later Les Bergers d’Arcadie.  Queen Christina of Sweden, another prominent player in this mystery, later acquired the sculpture in 1664. It went to Spain when her collection was transferred to the Odescalchi[i25]  collection and from there it went in 1724 to King Philip V of Spain, who was the grandson of King Louis XIV of France. 


The missing head was supposedly replaced by the head of Antinous, the male lover of the Emperor Hadrian who drowned in the river Nile and for a short while in his grief Hadrian named the southern part of the constellation of Aquilla, Antinous, symbolizing his former lover being taken into the heavens by the Eagle Aquilla. This identification of the statue with Antinous caused many copies of it to be produced and usually made of plaster casts of the original in Spain. One such cast in Marble is in the Victoria and Albert museum and was made for Thomas Anson and soon after its completion it went to Shugborough Hall where it stood until 1842 when it was sold for £320 3s 0d[i26] . Another Marble copy was made for the Louvre, took the artist 19 years to complete, and is now in the gardens at Versailles. Goethe, the classical German polymath and writer of the Enlightenment (Auflärung) period of the 19th century, acquired another copy in plaster. The constellation of Aquila (the eagle) is next to Ophiuchus and the southern part may have been incorporated into the Serpent Holder in Poussin’s day.         

The beak of the Cygnus swan is β Cygni is a double star and is called Albireo but this is a mistake for the words written down in a 16th century edition of Ptolemy’s Almagest call it ab ireoand this name has unknown meaning. However, Richard Hinckley Allen in his book Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning [i27]  seems to have rendered a very good theory as to the origin of this name. According to Allen, the Romans adopted the title we now call Cygnus from Cycnus, son of Mars, who helped his friend Phaeton mortal son of Helios after Zeus (Jupiter) threw him to the ground and he landed in the river Eridanus. However, the Alfonsine Tables, tables drawn up in Toledo around 1260 by order of Alfonso X, illustrate the whole constellation as not a swan but a hen and indeed the name for α Cygni, Deneb comes from the Arabic phrase Al Dhanab al Dajajah and means “Tail of the Hen”. It appears that the name Cygnus the swan did not originate with the Greeks for it was a strictly Roman classification; the name for this constellation was simply Ornis (bird) to the Greeks. One origin may have come from the Euphrates for tablets show a stellar bird of some kind called Urakgha[i28]  and is the Rukh or Roc that Sinbad the Sailor knew.

The Arab/Latin version of Ptolemy’s Almagest of 1515 had the name Eurisim for this constellation and describes it et est volans: et jam vocatur gallina. Et dicitur Eurisim quasi redolens ut lilium ab ireo; the Alfonsine Tables of 1521 it has Hyresym and et dicitur quasi redolens ut lilium: et est volans: et jam vocatur gallina: Bayer wrote of it quasi Rosa redolens Lilium and Riccoli quasi Galli rosa. Two other names for the constellation are Hirezym and Hierizim. A further association is the suggestion by another author that the phrase “Et dicitur Eurisim quasi redolens ut lilium ab ireo” is referring to the plant Erysimum officinale, which the Romans called Ireo and this was the richly scented Iris or Sword Lily (Iris Florentina) better known as the Fleur de Lys.

But the passage in Confessio refers to “new stars which do appear and are seen in the firmament in Serpentario and Cygno presumably in the early part of 17th century. What “New Star” is being referred to here? There was a supernova reported by Tycho in Cassiopeia in 1572 but no such ‘new star’ has been mentioned by the Rosicrucians as coming from Cassiopeia. They are clearly referring to the constellation we know as Cygnus and we need another explanation other than Tycho’s supernova here. We’ve already looked at β Cygni perhaps we should look at the Cygnus alpha star Deneb for this star was referred to by the first century Roman poet Caesius as Os Rosae and why he gave it this name is unclear.

Although no supernova has occurred in Cygnus in the last few thousand years there is another astronomical phenomena that may be significant here, it is called a microblazar. In the 1980s particle decay detectors deep underground in Europe and the United States registered anomalous incoming cosmic rays unlike any registered before. It resembled X-rays and Infrared radiation that had been previously recorded as coming from a binary star system named Cygnus X-3 located some 30000 light years away on the other side of our galaxy because it had a 4.8 period of variation in intensity. This is known to astrophysicists as a high mass X-ray binary and is probably driven by a neutron star or a black hole that steals mass from its huge companion known as a Wolf-Rayet star.  Cygnus X-3 is located at the very centre of the cross design, next to the star Sadr[i29] . At the moment gas and dust in the galactic plane are obscuring its presence from revealing itself in the visual spectrum but this may not have always been the case. These cosmic rays from Cygnus X 3 are extraordinary they are tens of thousands of times stronger than anything produced by particle accelerators and have a neutral charge which enables them to arrive at earth with no deflection by the galactic gravitational field and they travel at very close to the speed of light. These particles can also pass through the matter without being affected.

The important question must be asked, is the sign of the Christian crucifix a depiction of the constellation of Cygnus and was a King of the Davidic bloodline to be sacrificed to God upon a representation of this astronomical sign? What does the Rose Cross have to do with this if anything?

Most of the Roman executions were done on a crux simplex (single pole) or a crux commissa which was the shape of a Tau cross which was a better construction for supporting the weight of a man. The original Greek text describes the device to which Jesus was nailed as a Stauros. The Jehovah’s Witnesses maintain that Jesus was executed on a stake or a single pole, the Watchtower publication asserts that the Greek word Stauros is in fact a “torture stake” and is not a cross with a horizontal cross-beam. There remains much debate as to this but at the very best a Stauros is either a single pole or a Tau cross and was never the traditional crucifix shape.

So why is sign of the crucifix and the symbol of the Christian church the shape of the constellation of Cygnus when Jesus was crucified on either a single pole or a Tau cross? Is this the true Rose Cross – The Rose-Croix Veritas?

The picture on page 310 shows the constellation of Cygnus with the gaseous cloud centred on the central star Sadr which owing to its nature may take on a red hue. For the majority of the time this cloud is obscured by dust and gas in between yourselves and the star Sadr.  

The asterism of Cygnus is clearly the shape of the Christian sign generally accepted as the sign of the sacrifice of Jesus. The earliest known image of the crucifix is as late as the 9th century[i30]  and was discovered in the summer of 2005 at an archaeological site near the Alavan town of Nanclares de Oca in the Basque region of Spain.  This area is an odd place to find the earliest known sign of the cross for the Basque region was largely pagan until as late as the 15th and 16th centuries. The pagan religion of the Basques centred around the Goddess Mari and her consort Sugaar[i31] . Sugaar is depicted as a dragon or serpent and his name appears to derive from Suge (serpent) + ar (male.

Herensuge is the name for the Basque dragon and there is a Christian legend associated with this dragon that is worth relating here. The story involves a knight from Navarre called Teodosio de Goñi is given penance in the Basque mountains and has to rescue a woman who had been given as ransom to the dragon. The knight sees no way of defeating the dragon and eventually has his ankles chained by the dragon and so he prays not to God but to the Archangel Michael to save him. However the Archangel will not come without God. Finally the Archangel Michael came to the knight’s rescue with God over him and cuts off the head of the Dragon liberating Teodosio from his chains and ending his penance. This legend is particularly associated with the monastery at San Miguel de Aralar, again a reference to St Michael. One is reminded that this phrase cut off the head of the dragon was used by Blanche de Castile[i32]  at the start of the campaign against Montségur. The Kings of Castile did of course once own part of the Basque country and this story clearly means the triumph of Christianity over paganism but curiously the Archangel Michael is used to slay dragons, Christ himself is never invoked here. Basque mountaineers where used by the armies of Simon de Montfort against the Cathars held up in the stronghold of Montségur. 

The name Basque is from medieval French and may be derived from the ancient tribe Vascones described by the Greek historian Strabo as living in south of the western Pyrenees, north of the Ebro River in what is now Navarre and northern Aragon. A recent genetic study by Stephen Oppenheimer have confirmed that 75% of the people of the British Isles have bloodlines that can be traced back to the inhabitants of the Basque areas of Spain and France based on Y-chromosome and mtDNA studies. This shows clearly a long term maritime link between the coastline of northern Spain, Biscay, Brittany and the British Isles. Although there was a period around as recently as 9000 years ago when all these areas were co-joined as evidenced by the 3000 plus standing stones at Carnac[i33]  in Brittany where you’ll also find the tumulus of St Michael[i34] . Some of these stone emplacements extend underwater.   

The more interesting of the Basque deities from our point of view however is the consort of Sugaar, Mari[i35] . The similarity to the name Mary would not have gone unnoticed with these pagans being converted to Christianity as late as the 15th and 16th centuries; however the Christian missionaries degraded Mari as an evil spirit. To the Basques however she was the goddess of thunder and wind and the personification of the earth goddess. Mari rides through the sky on a chariot pulled by four horses and can assume the shape of a rainbow or a white cloud. She is depicted as a woman with a full moon behind her head and her symbol is the sickle.


This reverence of the Earth Goddess is a theme which keeps on repeating and repeating and is especially interesting that one going by the name of Mari should personify this Earth Mother on the Western seaboard of Europe in the mythology of the Celtic tribes at once lived there. Without really trying we can have as much as 22 different names referring to the Earth Mother from various cultures and it cannot be mere coincidence that this concept should manifest itself independently across seemingly the whole northern hemisphere. Failing a direct common origin the fact that almost all of these female deities are associated with the moon is probably due to the period of the moon’s monthly cycle which, perhaps by accident perhaps not, ties in almost exactly to the human female’s menstrual cycle, the fact that all of these goddesses seem to be associated with fertility and sexual love seems to back up this theory. One cannot forget of course the Sacred Feminine theme of Dan Brown’s Da Vinci Code which was a phrase first coined by Joseph Campbell[i36]  as far back as 1988.

One can see that it would be in the interests of the Christian church to suppress any form of goddess worship and promote a monotheistic male God as this Sacred Feminine concept did form a large part of the tribe they were trying to convert. Out of all of these Goddesses from Brigid to Isis, from Hathor to Freyja, from Kali to the Virgin Mary the one that stands out is the Babylonian goddess Inanna later worshipped in Akkad in the north in the 3rd millennium BCE as Ishtar, Queen of Heaven her significance is due largely because she appears to be the oldest. She is now often referred to as Mari-Ishtar this is because of the ancient city in present day Syria called Mari which is now Tell Hariri which is on the west bank of the Euphrates where the Temple of Ishtar was found. Mari is a place through which Abraham is thought to have passed and may have flourished because of its strategic position on the trade routes from northern Syria to Sumer. Mari was discovered by a Bedouin in 1933 and is close to the Iraqi border and digging at the site was started by archaeologists from the Louvre in Paris.  There they found the Temple to Ishtar and over 25000 clay tablets covering the period from 1800-1750BCE written in the Akkadian language, this period appears to have ended when Hammurabi conquered the city. Mari was essentially an Amorite city when conquered by Hammurabi and several names found in the bible have also been found in their Amorite form at Mari (namely Terah, Nahor, Haran, Ishmael, and Serug).

Despite its discovery almost 75 years ago the site at Mari is still only half excavated and this is entirely due to the veritable quantity of the archaeological treasures to be found there. When a vertical probe is sunk yet another layer is found and horizontal excavation has to be carried out. So far it has been ascertained that Mari was inhabited since the 5th millennium BCE and has been described as “one of the first modern cities of humanity”. The archaeologist Jean-Claude Margueron, who has excavated the city for decades said:

“How could a city develop in the third millennium BCE in the middle of the desert, in a region devoid of copper and in a valley devastated by floods of the Euphrates making any agriculture risky?”    

In the Sumerian epic Descent of Inanna, when she is challenged at the gates of the underworld she replies:

“I am Inanna, Queen of Heaven.

On my way to the East.”

Here Inanna hears the moaning of her sister Ereshkigal Queen of the Underworld who is in a fit of depression. Inanna abandons her realm above the ground and journeys through the doors and into the underworld known as the Kur, and here she is stripped of all of her powers and possessions she held in her realm above ground. She eventually becomes trapped there and dies overcome herself with Ereshkigal’s depression and has to be rescued so she sends her servant Ninshubur to ask help from the Gods. Ninshubur first asks the Sun God but he says no, Enlightenment will not save her. Then Ninshubur goes to the moon God and gets no help, neither mystery nor emotion will save her. Ninshubur finally goes to Enki God of Wisdom and Waters who had prepared Inanna with the sense of self in her possession before she entered the gates. Unfortunately it was only her perceived self with crowns and sparkling stones and beads of Lapis Lazuli that she possessed and this did not help her. Wisdom knows the underworld, accepts the descent into darkness, and knows it is unpleasant but knowledge of the unpleasant is necessary for complete growth. Enki creates two beings and sends them into the underworld with instructions and when they encounter the moans of Ereshkigal they send her moans and complaints back at her as depression is cured when it is named and recognised. Ereshkigal feels relief at hearing herself sent back at her and offers the creatures anything they desire and they request her to release Inanna. Inanna is reborn and she continues her journey and returns to her place as Queen of Heaven but now has in her possession something else she didn’t have before i.e. Wisdom – (Greek: Sophia). In her descent into the underworld Inanna had encountered uncertainties for which she had no preparation, all her normal powers had been stripped from her but Enki had showed her the way through using Wisdom.  

As Karl Jung put it:

“But one must learn to know oneself in order to know who one is. For what comes after the door is opened is, surprisingly enough, a boundless expanse full of unprecedented uncertainty….it is a world of water”


This allegory appears to be repeated in Masonic initiation ceremonies where the candidate simulates death and rebirth in order to find himself and wisdom which is not unlike the death and rebirth of Lazarus.

To the Christians Ishtar is the Whore of Babylon referred to in Revelation 17:4 and the Temple of Ishtar discovered at Mari in 1935 was essentially where all women were required to go prior to their marriage to prepare them to know unpleasantness, they emerge with Wisdom. However Ishtar herself was worshipped as The Virgin and the Virgin Mother. To them she was the goddess of goddesses and the Queen of Heaven and Earth. They said:

Our Lady is exalted Our Lady is Queen.”

Despite her many names she is in fact – NOTRE DAME and her statue stands on Staten Island, New York as Queen Semiramis, the branch bearer and she was to the Babylonians the divine personification of the planet Venus. She had a son called Tammuz who is called Son of the Widow - A title also given to Parzival and to Hiram Abiff the legendary builder of Solomon’s Temple.

Consider this passage from Le Serpent Rouge for under Leo it says:

“I am aware of the scent of the perfume which impregnates the sepulchre of the one I must release. Long ago her name was ISIS, Queen of the benevolent springs[I A37] , COME TO ME ALL YOU WHO LABOUR AND ARE HEAVY LADEN AND I WILL GIVE YOU REST. Others knew her as MAGDALENE with the celebrated vase full of healing balm. The initiates know her to be NOTRE DAME DES CROSS.”

It is important to note that the word CROSS and not CROIX appears in the French original and we have now learned in this story that mistakes are usually flags that say ‘Look here more closely’. Why did the author make this mistake, or was it a mistake? What if the author (yes from the 1960s), by including an English word here, wanted to draw us towards the Anglo-Saxon Cross or more correctly – The Celtic cross. In other words is this author of Le Serpent Rouge drawing us towards the Celtic – Earth Mother: Our Lady of the Celtic cross?

One must remember that Saunière has a Celtic Cross in his garden (shown on page 278) on the Visigoth pillar carrying the phrase MIS SION 1861 and the cross, with pendant Alpha and Omega the right way up, it is supported by a tree – The World Tree: A Yew Tree. Also inside the church immediately through the door and above the four Archangels making the sign of the cross with their right hands and above them we have the ringed cross once again. Under this is the phrase “By this sign you will conquer him”.  

Celtic Crosses can be found up the west coast of the British Isles and they are sometimes called the Sun Wheel. The Old English word for Cross is Rood and it was an instrument of torture. It is a popular myth that St Patrick combined the already existing Sun Symbol with the crucifix and linking his mission with the torture of Jesus in order to convert the pagan Irish to Christianity. It must be said that this cross has sometimes been adopted more recently by White Nationalist Groups and Neo Fascists.

The Celtic church was well established in the British Isles long before Christianity had reached most places in Europe particularly Tara in Ireland. The Celtic church however was brought into the Roman Church at the Synod of Whitby in 664CE by Saint Wilfrid Bishop of York. Saint Wilfrid had been a mentor of Dagobert II who had been educated in the Irish monastery of Slane near to Dublin and whilst in Ireland had met a Celtic Princess called Mathilde whom he married in France. Not long after this marriage Dagobert II and his wife had moved over to York in England where he had formed a close friendship with Saint Wilfrid. In 670CE Mathilde died in childbirth leaving him with three daughters by Mathilde and Dagobert then the Circle of Ullyses infoms us that he then married Giselle de Razes, daughter of the Count de Razes niece of the king of the Visigoths. This marriage to Giselle, we are told, was celebrated at Rhédae or Rennes le Chateau.

One cannot deny the Celtic influences in this story and with it the significance of the Celtic cross. In contrast the Cathars openly repudiated the Cross and the Crucifixion which they regarded as an instrument of Rex Mundi; it does seem that the Cathars knew the true meaning of the symbol generally used to denote Christianity.

Currently some 4500 megaliths and dolmans have been counted in France alone and this is a conservative estimate. Clearly there was once a religion largely concerned with the marking and measuring of the movement of the stars and planets that has been obliterated by the imposition of Christianity.


Or has it? Because we have shown that even Isaac Newton recognised that the birth of Jesus was clearly tied up in astrology, the oldest science known to man and practiced in Babylon in places like Mari and Aleppo. The three wise men that came from the east knew the astrological significance of his birth and journeyed to pay homage and it appears even the Shepherdic Rabbis watching their flocks by night were called by the Angel of the Lord, Aldebaran, whose glory shone around.

Above right is a representation of dawn over Bethlehem on September 11th 3BCE. It shows the Sun rising and a conjunction of Regulus (The Little King) and Jupiter (The Roman God) occurring due east. In August Jupiter and Venus had united as the morning star. After this first conjunction Jupiter continued its normal course then in December it stopped and began its annual regression and headed towards Regulus again and on February 17 2BCE they were reunited in conjunction. Jupiter carried on with the regression another 40 days and then reversed again and reunited with Regulus a third time on May 8th 2BCE. This whole movement gave the impression to observers that the God Jupiter, king of the Roman pantheon, was circling around the Little King Regulus and then again on December 25th 2BCE. Its normal movements would make Jupiter, (dyeu pater - God father) seem to a halt for a few days over Bethlehem when viewed from Jerusalem. It appeared to stop and as this was close to the winter solstice (literally Sun stop) the Sun also appeared to stop. The Sun is in Virgo at this time, a woman wreathed in seven stars, and here the star Porrima, the Roman goddess of child birth rises just before the Sun. Mercury and Venus are also in Virgo which is Beth Lehem – meaning: the House of Bread.  

Not only is Regulus the Little King to the astrologers but it is one of the Royal stars and associated with the Archangel Raphael and it is this angel that teaches Tobias how to deal with the demon Asmodeus[i38] , Lord of the Earth, by making him catch fish and then put the heart and liver on lit coals with perfumed ashes. This produces a vapour that makes Asmodeus flee to Egypt where Raphael (Regulus) binds him.

We know from his alchemical documents that Isaac Newton was also aware of this unusual conjunction, the star of Bethlehem was not a single star but a series of unusual alignments signifying the birth of someone important, perhaps the birth of the awaited Messiah who would become king of the Jews., born of a Virgin when the Sun was in Virgo and having a birth chart that would not have gone unnoticed by the Pagan Romans. The name Regulus was given to the star by Copernicus whilst at Padua in the 16th century but is known in Latin as Cor Leonis (Heart of the Lion) because of its position in Leo, however it is also associated with the Roman Feast of Pales[i39] , a festival usually practiced by Shepherds and described by the poet Hesiod and called Parilia. Pales was the deity of Shepherds and the festival took place on April 21. A Roman called Marcus Atilius Regulus built a temple to Pales in 267BCE and it is generally thought to have been place on the Palatine Hill, the centre most of the seven hills of Rome and the place where a shepherd had found Romulus and Remus. The name Palacium may well be the name for the star Regulus and as the star is one of the Royal stars and one of the four horsemen of the apocalypse then the phrase “Behold a pale horse” may have some significance here. If the star Regulus is directly involved with the birth of Jesus and has a helical rising on the Festival of Pales then is this where the name Palestine given by the Romans originated? The Arabic word for the area Filastin is directly derived from the Greek term Palaestina (Παλαιστΐνη) and has been in use since the 7th century. Herodotus wrote of a district of Syria called Palaistinêi but the Bible refers to this land between the Mediterranean and the river Jordan as Canaan. The Land of Canaan is mentioned several times in the Bible and predates Israel by several thousand years.

In ancient Canaanite culture high places were considered to be sacred and this culture appears to have been repeated around the Corbières and the eastern Pyrénées which includes the mountains of Bugarach and St Bartholomew and Soularac. The most sacred mountain to the Jewish faith was Mount Herman which is also known as Mount Sion however to the Canaanites the most sacred mountain was Mount Carmel. At the time of Jesus, Carmel was part of Phoenicia not Judea but still came under the area called Canaan.

From our point of view Mount Carmel is perhaps the most interesting mountain in the whole of the Holy Land, even more significant than Mount Sion. We learn from the writings of Strabo, Epiphanius and Josephus that Mount Carmel was the stronghold of the Essenes and modern Neo-Essene groups regard Mount Carmel with awe and give it great religious significance and we shall be returning to this reverence later. But more importantly we are interested because of a visit by someone who may hold the key to the understanding of the Cromlech of Rennes and the polygons we have seen that mapped the landscape:

That person was Pythagoras.

We know Pythagoras visited Mount Carmel from a passage written by Iamblichus of Chalcis in 333CE who wrote:

“In Phoenicia he [Pythagoras] conversed with the prophets who were descendants of Moses the physiologist and with many others, as well as the hierophants[I A40] …… After gaining all he could from the Phoenician Mysteries, he found that they had originated from the sacred rites of Egypt, forming as it were an Egyptian colony……On the Phoenician coast under Carmel, where, in the Temple on the peak, Pythagoras for the most part had dwelt in solitude….. Mount Carmel, which they knew to be more sacred than other mountains and quite inaccessible to the vulgar…”

We learn from Iamblichus that Pythagoras was actually initiated by Nazorean Essenes on Mount Carmel. Carmel is probably the most scientifically interesting place in the whole of the former Canaan for here there are caves containing humans remains and Neanderthal remains going back some 600,000 years. From 1930 to 1932 Dorothy Garrod excavated four caves and a number of rock shelters in the Carmel mountain range mostly at el Wad, el Tabun and Es Skhul and discovered many human remains and a Neanderthal female which she called Tabun I. She discovered Neanderthal and Homo sapiens remains ritually buried side by side. Carmel is even mentioned in Egyptian writings from Tuthmosis II, Rameses II and Rameses III where it appears under the name of Rosh Qidshu meaning First and Holiest.

So why did Pythagoras, father of mathematics and founder of the mysterious Pythagorean School, have a particular interest in this Mountain? Why did three of Egypt’s most prominent Pharaohs regard this mountain as the “First and Holiest”? Pythagoras began the school that bears his name and his followers were known as the Mathematikoi and their fundamental belief was based around the idea of the transmigration of the soul (a belief also held by Thomas Wright). The Pythagorean School first met at Croton, in Calabria in 530BCE but after being attacked there they moved to Tarentum (Taranto) in Southern Italy. Pythagoreans practiced Orphism which was an act of purification and involved a descent into the underworld followed by a ritual return the same as Orpheus, Persephone and indeed Inanna.

The pentagram[i41]  was an important religious symbol used by the Pythagoreans and has been found in Mesopotamian writings dating back to 3000BCE. The Pythagoreans saw it as being related to the elements theorized by the Pythagorean Empedocles. The five elements of the Pythagoreans are:

·         ύδωρ Water

·         Γαια Gaia Earth

·         Ίδέα Idea or ίερόν, Hieron “The divine thing”

·         Έιλή Heile - Heat – fire

·         Άήρ Aer – air

The five vertices were labelled υ-γ-ι-ει-α. The Pythagorean pentagram was drawn with the two points upwards and represented the doctrine of Pentemychos (five recesses or chambers). The Pentemychos is found in the Tartarus[i42]  and means the Gates of Hell. Tartarus is lower than Hell and is effectively the abyss and is both a deity and a place and is the place where sinners are sent. Tartarus is found in the Bible at 2 Peter 2:4 and in the Book of Enoch 20:2 where it states that Tartarus is the place where angels who cohabited with women in Genesis 6:4 are sent for judgement. Many of the Greek myths describe journeys through Krater to Tartarus 

The planet Venus when viewed from earth when its successive inferior conjunctions[i43]  are plotted a near perfect pentagram shape around the zodiac. The popularity of the pentagram as a magic symbol was perpetrated by Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa who kept the Pythagorean principle of the five elements as opposed to four.

The pentagram is known as the Haykal (Arabic for Temple) in the Bahά’ί Faith which was founded by Bahά’υ’llah in 19th century Persia and preaches a unity of all the world religions. In 1844 Siyyid Ali Muhammad declared himself ‘the Bάb’ (Arabic: The Gate) after a Shi’a religious concept.

The Bάb’s shrine is on Mount Carmel and also on Mount Carmel are a Carmelite monastery and the Stella Maris Lighthouse.

The origin of the expression Stella Maris is possibly attributed to St Jerome (d. 420CE) however Jerome said Stilla not Stella and some commentaries speculate that this is the correct rendering of the phrase, if this is true then there are thousands upon thousands who have built temples, monasteries, lighthouses and statues and wrote hymns to Stella Maris who are going to be severely embarrassed. It does seem a little too contrived that hundred’s of other people are wrong whereas the speculation that Jerome made a mistake, without a shred of evidence to support the notion, and this speculation is the correct meaning[I A44] . But other authors have mentioned this same Marian symbol with a definite link to the sea and a star. Isidore of Seville (d. 636CE), Alcuin (d. 804CE), Rhabanus Maurus (d. 856), Paschasius Radbertus (d. 865) and Hincmar of Reims (d. 882) spoke of Mary as “a star of the sea assumed in the heavens”. However the most prominent author in our story who spoke of Stella Maris has been none other than St Bernhard of Clairvaux who said:

If the winds of temptation arise

If you are driven upon the rocks of tribulation look to the star, call on Mary

If you are tossed upon the waves of pride, of ambition,

 of envy, of rivalry, look to the star, call on Mary.

One would assume that St Bernhard of Clairvaux, the principle driving force behind the Knights Templar, would have got his translations correct.  Especially when you consider that the Abbey of Orval, started by the same St Bernhard of Clairvaux has a statue of Stella Maris which not only has a boat in the hands of baby Jesus at Mary’s knee but has a pentagram star at her forehead. This star at her forehead was placed with the two points upwards but an enraged observer promptly turned it the other way up.


Bernard of Clairvaux and the Abbey of Orval, the mausoleum of many of the Merovingians appears to be the link here.

Another place where the mapping out of the landscape seems apparent is the island of Bornholm[i45]  in the Baltic Sea and there is a definite link between here and Bernard of Clairvaux.

The key is Eskil who became Danish Archbishop of Lund in 1137 and following the very rapid spread of Bernhard’s Cistercian Order in Denmark. In a very short space of time there formed Cistercian monasteries in Alvastra and Nydalai in 1143, Herrevad in 1144, Estrom in 1154, Vitskǿl in 1158 and Sorǿ in 1161. On the right is a curious map found on the island of Bornholm. The island’s churches are arranged in geometric relation to each other. I do not propose to describe this geometric pattern in this book but I can highly recommend a book produced by Henry Lincoln and Erling Haagenen called Templars Secret Island, the Knights, the Priest and the Treasure. This book is absolutely essential reading in order to get a feel for what this mystery entails. However I will mention a relationship described in the book and this involves a isosceles triangle described between Bornholm, the area of Rennes le Chateau and the eastern point which the book describes as Jerusalem.

The island of Bornholm takes its name from Burgundianholm (The land of the Burgundians). The Western side of the island is very high and the King Valdemar II built a fort there and from this fort most of the island can be seen and it is said that on a clear day one can even see Sweden.

 [I A1]Called Chevaliers Bienfaisants de la Cité Sainte in France

 [I A2]He was an expert in espionage and his exploits were later fictionalised by Alexander Dumas in the Three Musketeers.

 [I A3]A statue of Saint Roch appears in the church at Rennes le Chateau.

 [I A4]Mentioned in Le Serpent Rouge

 [i5](See P.Manly Hall's "Secret Teachings of All Ages.")

 [i6]the pseudonym Henri Lobineau was used as the author of some of the Prieure documents

 [I A7]The garden had also been designed by Andre le Nôtre

 [I A8]The Gutenburg bible had been first produced in Strasburg in 1455.

 [i9]Magicians, Seers and Mystics

 [i10]Born Carl Louis von Grasshoff in Aarhus Denmark july 23rd 1865

 [i11]Antiquus Arcanus Ordo RosænRubeæ et Aureæ Crucis

 [i12]Fay ce que Voudras

 [I A13]Fédération Universelle des Ordres et Sociétés Initiatiques


Federatio Universalis Dirigens Ordines Societatesque Initiationis

 [i14]Their motto is Rose Eternal Cross

 [i15]A list since altered by Pierre Plantard

 [i16]The Johannite Legend of the Templars Part 3 636

 [I A17]This may be referring to Zodiacal Light. An effect thought to be caused by dust within the Solar system that reflects sunlight that was little understood until recently

 [i18]According to Pierre Plantard the Priory of Sion began in 1681

 [i19]Dee’s vision of the cosmos expressed in a single glyph

 [i20]Queen Elizabeth I’s Court Astrologer

 [i21]In this sign you will conquer

 [i22]The Secret Teachings of All Ages. An Encyclopaedic Outline of Masonic, Hermetic, Qabbalistic and Rosicrucian Symbolical Philosophy 1928

 [i23]SN 1604

 [i24]Leonardo da Vinci did a painting of Leda and the Swan, it is now missing

 [i25]Erba Odescalchi The title prince of the Holy Roman Empire

 [i26]3 times the price of any other antiquities of the time.

 [i27]Published in 1963 by Dover books ISBN 0486210790

 [i28]It is possible that this may be the origin of the word Iraq

 [i29]Al Sadr al Dajajah. The Hen’s Breast

 [i30]The report is unclear as it says that Roman remains from the 3rd Century have also been found on the site.

 [i31]Also called Maju

 [i32]Her “baggage” (treasure) is supposedly kept at Rennes le Chateau

 [i33]Breton: Karnag

 [i34]Built 5000 BCE and consisting of 35000 m3 of stone and earth. So named because a chapel dedicated to St Michael was built on top of it in 1663.

 [i35]Full name Ambotoko Mari

 [i36]Joseph Campbell and the Power of Myth

 [I A37]May be a reference to the Masonic order of Chevaliers Bienfaisants de la Cité Sainte

 [i38]In the book of Tobit

 [i39]The following day from Pales is the Festival of Jupiter and Juno    


 [I A40]An interpreter of sacred mysteries and arcane principles

 [i41]The word pentacle (Pantacle) is used in witchcraft and does not necessarily take on the form of a pentagram, indeed the Sator-Arepo-Tenet square is a form of pentacle. The pentacle is used for the evocation of spirits in witchcraft and the Golden Dawn system and the name and Sigil of the spirit to be invoked is engraved with the name, inside three concentric circles. On the reverse side is a Celtic Cross. The word Pentacle may come from the Middle French word pentacol (1328) or pendacol (1418) which is a jewel or ornament worn around the neck.

 [i42]Meaning Pit. Chaos according to Hesiod.

 [i43]Two celestial bodies appear near one another in the sky.

 [I A44]This example of Orwellian Doublethink seems to be common in this mystery.

 [i45]Templars Secret Island. The Knights the priest and the Treasure. By Erling Haagenen and Henry Lincoln

Leo Taxil Hoax - contemporary with Beranger Saunière




Franc Maconnerie

Nesta Webster


Weeping Virgin drawn by Jeremy Ladd Cross


VIRGO weeps over the Broken Pillar and the open book. In her right hand a sprig of Tamarisk In her left hand is the jar of SPIKENARD (Named after the ear of wheat that she carries denoting the star SPICA) . TIME stands behind and unravels her hair.

The word Christ means ANOINTED WITH OIL and this is the theme of the Plain text of the Shepherdess parchment. Mary of Bethany (or The Magdalene if you prefer) is the only one to have anointed "The Anointed One". Mary used the SPIKENARD. The allegory is that THE SUN (IHS - JES-us) is anointed at the Autumn Equinox which falls in the zodiac House of VIRGO. Actually SEPTEMBER 11th. She anointed his feet not his head. The head would be anointed at the Spring Equinox

This image was drawn and first introduced to Freemasonry by

Jeremy Ladd CROSS.

 [Jeremy L. Cross]

Why is Jeremy Cross relevant?

Because of this

In Le Serpent Rouge it says this:



 "De celle que je désirais libérer, montaient vers moi les effluves du parfum qui imprégnèrent le sépulchre. Jadis les uns l'avaient nommée : ISIS, Reine des sources bienfaisantes, VENEZ A MOI VOUS TOUS QUI SOUFFREZ ET QUI ETES ACCABLES ET JE VOUS SOULAGERAI, d'autres : MADELAINE, au célèbre vase plein d'un baume guérisseur. Les initiés savent son nom véritable : NOTRE DAME DES CROSS."

I am aware of the scent of the perfume which impregnates the sepulchre of the one I must release. Long ago her name was ISIS, Queen of the benevolent springs, COME TO ME ALL YOU WHO LABOUR AND ARE HEAVY LADEN AND I WILL GIVE YOU REST. Others knew her as MAGDALENE with the celebrated vase full of healing balm. The initiates know her to be NOTRE DAME DES CROSS.

Notice that the word "CROSS" is in English not the French (croix)

And Our Lady of Cross is the drawing he made.

"Long ago her name was ISIS Queen of the "sources bienfaisantes"



They are

L'Ordre de Chevalier Bienfaisant de la Cité Sainte

it is also known as

Rite Ecossais Rectifie (RER)

(Scottish Rectified Rite)

It is the oldest continuously extant chivalric Masonic Order in the world.

The governing bodies of the RER are called Great Priories.

There is only one governing body in the United States, the Great Priory of America, which was founded in 1934 at Raleigh, N.C., by Dr. William Moseley Brown and J. Raymond Shute II.

Dr William Moseley Brown was Governor of Virginia and a member of

Societas Rosicruciana

J. Raymond Shute II

One freemason site describes Shute thus:

 "It was Brother Shute who discovered the various degrees then in existence in foreign countries and decided to bring them to America for the enjoyment and edification of US Masons."

Whilst the governing bodies of  L'Ordre de Chevalier Bienfaisant de la Cité Sainte are




Is clearly the Holy City SION

We have the


Remembering that Le Serpent Rouge came from the Dossiers Secrets which was placed in the Bibliothèque National in Paris we can thus surmise that:

L'Ordre de Chevalier Bienfaisant de la Cité Sainte


The Priory of Sion

and vice versa

 [Jeremy L. Cross]

Inside Saunière's presbytery showing broken pillar (on right below)


 [Jeremy L. Cross]

Broken pillar in Arques Cemetery