Arch SS adept or New Age messenger..?
18 Feb 1904 Otto Rahn born, Michelstadt. Parents Karl & Clara (nee Hamburger)
1910-1916 Junior school at Bigen
1916-21 Secondary school at GrieBen
1922 obtains Baccalaureat
1924 obtains Bachelor in Philology and History
1930 Rahn begins his European travels (Paris, Provence, Switzerland,
1931 Rahn visits French Pyrenees. Visits "Spion" in Pyrenees with Himmler and
1932 Rahn leads a Polaires expedition in Pyrenees
13.12.33 Rahn joins the German Writers Association
1934 publishes "Kreuzzug gegen Gral" (Crusade against the Grail)
1935 appointed to personal staff of Heinrich Himmler
29.2.36 Rahn joins Allgemeine-SS, member 276 208
1936 Rahn visits Iceland with 20 men
1937 publishes "Luzifers Hofgesind. Eine Reise zu denguten Gelstern Europa"
(Lucifer's Court in Europe
Rahn sent back to Languedoc (Montsegur), says he will return in 1939. Time of
alleged Corbieres visit?
20.4.37 promoted to sub-lieutenant (Untersturmfuhrer)
Sep-Dec1937 military service for "disciplinary reasons" at Oberbayern
24.1.38 Rahn's Certificate of Racial Origin requested for his SS-dossier but
11.9.38 promoted to lieutenant (Obersturmfuhrer)
end 1938 Rahn to Buchenwald for two months tour of duty
1939 Rahn invited Wiligut and Himmler to his wedding
28.2.39 submits letter of resignation to Karl Wolff
13.3.39 Rahn disappears on Wilder Kaiser, Kufstein, Tyrol
17.3.39 Rahn's resignation from SS is granted
The early years
According to the resume which Rahn wrote for his SS entry dossier, he was born
on 18 February 1904, son of Karl (tribunal officer of Mayence) and Clara(nee
Hamburger) in Michelstadt in the Hesse region. In 1910 Rahn entered junior
school, firstly at Bigen on the Rhine, and then at Gieben where, in 1922, he
obtained his Reifeprufung (baccalaureat). Duringa one year period in his early
teens Rahn meditated on the protective role of the rose-thorn. The Rose has long
been a symbol of eternal life and Rahn did believe that we live many lifetimes;
that the last lifetime had to have a frugal, primitive quality, returning for
this final earth experience to the essence of the first men.
Rahn's mother introduced him at an early age to the Grail romances and the
stories of Parzival, Siegfried etc. Rahn's birthplace at Michelstadt was near
Marbourg-on-Lahn, between Rhenanie and Thuringe. This whole area was impregnated
in European legend. Rahn wrote: "my ancestors were pagans and my grandparents
were heretics". Michelstadt is the Odenwalt: the forests of Odin, the grand god
of the North, Oddhinn Alfaddir. It is here that the hero Siegfried, immortalised
by Wagner, the killer of dragons in the Nibelung Saga, would be assassinated.
Michel is the Christianised pagan Siegfried, hence the derivation of the name
Michelstadt, the town of Michel the dragon slayer. Rahn said: "I am therefore
come from a world in the orbit of the Grail. Parzifal, Siegfried and
Odhinn-Wotan were my Godfathers".
A few leagues distant Marbourg is the ancient seat of the notorious Inquisitor,
Conrad, and was a centre of repression of heresy. The odour of the butchers was
no less a stench in Marbourg than in the South of France. Otto Rahn believed
that a number of his ancestors had been slain by Conrad and his fellow
He gained his Bachelor degree in 1924, following the course of the faculty
ofletters and of philology, specialising in literary history of the language
and romances of meridional France. Rahn's thesis was titled "to the Research of
Master Kyot of Wolfram von Eschenbach" dedicated in 1929 to the author of
Parzifal, to Wagner and to the troubadours. He continued his studies at the
universities of Giessen, and Fribourg in Brisgau, before deciding on a career in
writing and publishing. He pursued these studies in Berlin and Heidelberg, and,
from 1928, spent several years in Switzerland (where he worked in Geneva as a
language teacher and translator) and France. He aspired to become a literary
critic but in 1930 the effects of the economic crisis began to make itself felt
throughout Germany. To survive,
Otto Rahn had to content himself with taking on all sorts of menial jobs: cinema
attendant, salesman, proof-reader, translator, film extra and screen writer for
the budding talking picture industry. He was 26 years old. Like Parzifal he was
inspired to seek the Grail in the source of the traditional sentiment.
RAHN AND POLAIRES
In March 1932 a controversy broke out in La Depeche, which published articles
about the activities of a group of Polaires (a society linked to the
Theosophical Society, particularly active in France and England), who were
excavating in the caves of Ussat and Ornolac. Otto Rahn was said to be the
leader of this group, and suspicions were raised because of his nationality
(there being much anti-German feeling at this time arising from WW1). Antonin
Gadal wrote in Rahn's defence, saying that his visit had nothing to do with the
Polaires, and Rahn himself subsequently wrote to the newspaper, saying that he
had never heard of the Polaires before coming to the Ariege, and that he was a
simply a writer interested in the Cathars.
Another enigmatic figure involved in this debate was an engineer from Bordeaux
named Arnaud, who was also engaged in excavations for "Cathar treasure",
although not connected with the Polaires. According to Paul Ladame it was the
writer-poet, Maurice Malgre, who encouraged Rahn, at that time researching at
the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris, to go do his research "on the ground".
However, Malgre's respect and admiration for Rahn did not last, having a dig at
Rahn in "La Cle des Choses Cachees" in saying that "...his book, while written
with love, carries an abundance of documentation". Malgre ended up suspecting
that the young German was, in truth, a spy. Perhaps Magre was convinced that the
nationalist political events of the early thirties were bound to exert an
influence such that even a passionate scholar and adventurer like Rahn could not
resist. However, it may be something to do with the Polaires connection that
changed Magre's opinions. There are suggestions that Rahn was a Polaires member.
Magre was himself a member, a joint contributor to the preface to Accomani's
(Zam Botiva) Asia Mysteriosa. Later, however, Magre was to leave this group
after a fracas. Before he reached this point, though, he introduced Rahn to a
number of his occitan friends, including the comtesse Pujol-Murat, with whom
Rahn enjoyed a deep platonic firendship, and Arthur Caussou, an old Ariegois who
told Rahn the legend of Esclarmonde (literally `light of crystal') de Foix
(Repanse de Joie in Parzifal). According to this legend, on the evening of the
fall of Montsegur the young woman was given custody of the Grail which had been
guarded by Cathar Parfaits. The handover complete, Esclarmonde transformed
herself into a dove and flew off towards the East.
Magre especially wanted to introduce Rahn to Antonin Gadal, premier historian of
the Syndicate of Initiative of Ussat-Ornolac. Gadal-Rahn. Master-pupil.
Father-son. The young German would speak of his mentor as "Trevrizent whom I
never expected to discover". Gadal's medieval hero was Galahad, in French
Galaad, and he was proud that his surname was an anagram for the Grail Knight.
Perhaps Malgre was simply jealous of the younger man's charm and enthusiasm.
Bernadac attempted to trace the affiliations of the Polaires. The address given
in their publications was that of the Theosophical Society in Paris.
However, the archives of that society, along with the archives of many other
groups, were taken by the Nazis during the Occupation.
According to Joseph Mandement, the Polaires were looking for traces of Christian
Rosenkreutz, who they believed had passed through the area. Some recall Italian
members of the group visiting Lordat as late as 1960, and an anonomous informant
told Bernadac that Rahn, too, had shown a particular interest in Lordat and had
returned there several times after the war.
Rahn in France
Speaking both French and the langue d'oc he made his way to the southern French
Pyrenees in 1931, after having stayed a while in Paris, in Provence, in
Switzerland, in Spanish Catalonia, and in Italy. It was the meagre salary he
earned in Geneva teaching German and French that sustained him on these travels.
In 1931 Rahn made an extensive exploration of the Montsegur area. He explored
the grottoes of the Sabarthez area, notably Ornolac and the massive cavern of
Lombrives. Here was a huge chamber called by locals "the Cathedral". There was a
stalagmite called "The Tomb of Hercules" and another called the "Altar". These
names were those used by Eschenbach. Rahn also discovered that the chambers
within Sabarthez were covered with Templar symbols, side by side with Cathar
emblems. There was also a carving of a lance, a bleeding lance. This greatly
excited Hitler/Himmler. Otto Rahn also fell in with an old band of boisterous
Pyrenean poets ("Les Seigneurs de Belisse") who eulogised the grandeur and myths
of the Ariege, and the existence of the Pyrenean Grail. None of the youngsters
in the region were interested in the myths and legends and it was Rahn who got
the discussions going on hidden treasure and their proud past. The locals called
him a "seducter doubled with believer, an eternal adolescent with a superhuman
passion for the Grail and the Hermetic Tradition". According to the Tarascon
poet Jean-Baptiste Faure-Lacaussade, who met Rahn several times in 1931, he had
a "great, but disorderly intelligence" and was sometimes too much of a dreamer
to make a good student, but would pursue obsessively any subject that excited
his imagination. Faure-Lacaussade also recalled that Rahn said little about his
childhood and youth.
Paul Ladame states that it was Rahn's love of Wagner that led him to study the
work of Wolfram von Eschenbach, which in turn drew him into study of the
Minnesingers and the Troubadours. Rahn asked Ladame if he would accompany him in
exploring the caves around Ornolac in 1932. This was because of Ladame's
experience in potholing and climbing; Rahn did not enjoy these activities and
endured them as the price to pay for his researches. Ladame learned about Rahn's
aims: to discover the secret of the Grail which he believed would unify Europe.
Other contacts which Rahn and Ladame made in the area included M.Arnaud (whom
Rahn mistrusted), and a man known to everybody as M. Rives but whose real name,
Ladame learned later, was Arthur Caussou.
Paul Bernadac, grandfather of Christian Bernadac, author of "Le Mystere Otto
Rahn: Du Catharisme au Nazisme" 1978, was an enthusiastic potholer with an
interest in local history. Rahn accompanied him on several excursions in 1932.
Paul recalled Rahn being roughed up by Joseph Mandement, President of the
Syndicat d'Initiative of Tarascon-sur-Ariege, when he caught Rahn faking Cathar
According to several people, the theories in Rahn's Crusade came directly from
Gadal, who published nothing himself. Many people resented Rahn's
cursory acknowledgement of Gadal and his passing off of Gadal's work as his own.
Gadal believed that Catharism derived from a gnostic form of Christianity -
'Johannic' - that originated in Alexandria in the early centuries AD and was
brought to Spain by Mark of Memphis around the year 300. It gradually spread
across the Pyrenees to the Occitan, where it flourished. 'Bogomil' missionaries
arrived in the area around year 1000, found this established gnostic religion,
and the fusion of the two gave rise to Catharism.
'Johannic Christianity' was based on the teachings of St John the Evangelist,
and it was believed that the Cathars possessed the original version of John's
Gospel. M. Arnaud was also searching for this Gospel and was apparently financed
in his search by the French Theosophical Society. Arnaud believed the Gospel to
be hidden at Montsegur. When Rahn asked him how he could be so specific with his
information Arnaud told him he couldn't elaborate because he was part of a
society that required silence from its members on these subjects.
At this time there was a widespread belief among the Languedocian aristocracry
that, unlike the peasantry, they were descended from Nordic or German blood, and
saw themselves as cousins of the Germans. Rene Nelli believes that, when they
read Rahn's work, the Nazis saw the potential of exploiting this belief.
There is a mystery concerning Rahn's finances. During his initial stays in
France it was known that he had little money, but in May 1932 he suddenly paid
15,000 francs for the first year of a 9-year lease on the Hotel-Restaurant des
Marroniers in Ussat-les-Bains. Among his staff Rahn struck up a particular
friendship with a black barman.
Where did he obtain the funds and why did he encumber himself with this
responsibility when Gadal and the elderly occultist Comtesse Pujol-Murat
provided largely for his needs in France? Arnaud d'Apremont writes of excursions
into the surrounding areas where Rahn is accompanied by a number of unsavoury
characters, sorties whose goal seemed incompatible with serious and scholarly
Rahn back in Germany and the publication of his Grail Dissertation
Rahn left France in September 1932 and returned to Germany, leaving various
unpaid bills. In October a petition for bankruptcy was made by Antoine Arques,
owner of the hotel-restaurant.
Between this event and 1935 there is very little information relating to Rahn's
life, only the biographical notices in his SS file and 17 letters he wrote to
Gadal. The extracts from his journal that form the basis of Lucifer announce, on
31 March 1933, his intention to voyage to 'Ultima Thule', but the only places
mentioned on this itinerary are London and Copenhagen. It has been suggested
that Rahn while in France was in the secret service of Otto Abetz who headed the
Dienstelle (Office) Ribbentrop in the early 1930's, engaging in espionage to
influence French politics, posing as journalist and hotelier.
Again, he went hungry. Rahn wrote to Gadal saying he had had to leave his watch
at a bakery to buy bread; that his shoes were full of holes. However, the tide
would soon turn.
In 1934, following on from his library researches and his ground studies in the
Pyrenees, Rahn completed on the day of the Summer Solstice in Heidelberg
Kreuzzug gegen den Graal. It was not a best seller, selling 5000 copies in
Germany and as many again in France. But it touched deeply those who came to it.
Rahn saw in Parzifal that the Eschenbach's heroes and were modelled after real
Middle Ages personalities: Parzifal was le vicomte de Carcassone Trencavel, one
of the foremost and heroic victims of the Crusade; Respanse de Joye was
Esclarmonde de Foix; the mother of Trencavel Adelaide de Toulouse made a perfect
Herzeloide; the hermit Trevrizent was the Cathar Bishop Guilhabert de Castres;
the King Anfortas, Raimon-Roger de Foix; and Montsegur was Montsalvage.
Moreover, Montsalvage is protected by a Fountain "Salvage" in which Rahn
believed he recognised the intermittent fountain of Fontestorbes, a few
kilometres from the Pog, Montsegur's promontory.Also, the forest around
Montsalvage is called the "Briciljan" and close by Montsegur is Priscilien Wood.
Rahn firmly concluded that the Fortress Castle of Montsegur was the Temple of
Rahn associates the Cathar Church with the Church of the Grail, with the
mystical group Fideles d'Amour of Dante. He believed that the Templars after
their enforced dissolution found refuge in the Pyrenean caverns. Rahn wrote of
the many indications that the white tunic with octagonal red cross of the
Templars was to be found with the black cassocks with yellow cross of the
Cathars in the dark grottos of Sabarthez.
Rahn believed that the Grail consisted of several tablets of stone engraved with
runic or even pre-runic inscription. He believed that it was either one perfect
emerald with 144 facets or 144 tablets of stone engraved in emerald.
This emerald would have graced the Crown of Lucifer, symbolising his third eye,
and which fell to earth, precisely on the Pog of Montsegur! Kreuzzug gegen
Gral"is at once an erudite essay, a mystical treatise, a reverie and a chanson
Arnaud d'Apremont writes in the preface to Luzifers Hofgesind (1937) that this,
Rahn's second book, is written in more an ideological style, vaguely racist,
anti-semitic, to all appearances national-socialist. However, more perceptive
critics see Rahn in a quandary, having to toe the nationalist party line, suck
up to the censor, and had been unable to write the full objective and integrated
text he would have liked and that he indicated the irony of his position in the
book's title. The irony suggestion seems, however, unlikely as Rahn did not see
Lucifer as synonymous with Satan or the Devil; to Rahn Lucifer was the Pyrenean
Abellio, the Celtic Belenos, the Nordic Balder, the Greek Apollo, all luminous
gods today asleep. The Cathars called this god Lucibel. These are the light
bearers, an attribute that Rahn, himself, wished to be recognised for: a
Lucifer. Above all else Rahn wished with all his soul to reawaken the grand
For Rahn, the Polaire, the Light came not from the East but from the North. He
travelled around the ancient and sacred places of Europe: Forest of Teutoburg,
scene of Arminius' victory over the Roman legions of Varus; Externsteine, site
of Irminsul, sacred symbol of the Saxons; Thingveillir, place of assembly of the
ancient Icelanders, and Reykholt, birthplace of Snorri Sturlusson, the Nordic
Homer and author of the Edda.
The Court of Lucifer is an expedition through the "garden of roses", Rahn's
affectionate term for the Kingdom of the Asgardian Elfin, Lorin, and a realm
closed to non-believers or the uninitiated. Rahn dreams of a return to Thule,
the primordial centre of the European Hyperboreans. He pines for a return to the
Rahn in the S.S
On 13 December 1933 Otto Rahn joined the German Writers Association. In his SS
dossier of candidature we read that Rahn affirms himself to be "ready to defend
without reservation German literature in conformity with the spirit of National
Socialism". Christian Bernadac believes that Rahn had been a member of Roehm's
Around this time Rahn had a lady friend named Bricon, a collaborative of
Daladier who had come to Germany to learn all about National-Socialism.
Bricon's nom de guerre for her writings for "La Republique" was Etienne. Rahn
saw in the 1933 New Year with her (according to a letter he wrote to Antonin
In 1934 Rahn saw in the Winter Solstice in Italy at the Albergo Alpino Plancios,
On 29 February 1936, Karl Wolff, SS Divisional General, wrote to the SS
recuitment office to convey Himmler's personal instruction that Rahn be
admitted. He was accepted into the SS on 12 March 1936, and the following month
was promoted to Untersharfuhrer, joing Himmler's staff. Otto Rahn joined the
Black Order the Allgemeine-SS (as distinct from the Waffen-SS, the combattant
branch), member 276 208.
Paul Ladame met up with Rahn during the Winter Olympics in February 1936.
According to Ladame, Rahn received a mysterious telegram while he was staying in
Paris in 1933, depressed over his difficulites in raising the finances for the
French publication of Crusade. The author did not state his name but praised
Kreuzzug gegen den Graal and offered Rahn 1000 DM per month to write a second
publication in the same vein. At the same time a sum was telegraphed to Rahn in
Paris so he could settle his affairs there and return to Berlin to an address
supplied. When Rahn turned up at 7 Prinz Albrechstrasse he was taken aback to
discover that the secretive telegram sender was no less than Heinrich Himmler
who welcomed the writer personally! Himmler organised an office and secretary
Rahn's initial pleasure at his change in fortune soon gave way to worries as he
realised the nature of the regime under which he had to work and the constant
scrutiny he found himself under. In December 1936 Rahn's superior was arrested,
and Ladame himself (who had tried to intervene on behalf of the arrested man's
wife) found he was under surveillance. It was, in fact, Rahn that was ordered to
keep watch on him, but Rahn tipped his old friend off and Ladame left Berlin,
which was the last time he saw Rahn. (This doesn't seem somehow to ring true.
This is important because we rely largely on Ladame for details of Rahn's life).
Opinions differ on the level of Rahn's commitment to the Nazi cause. Rene Nelli
and Paul Ladame believe that his work was simply too useful as propaganda for
the Nazis, and was therefore co-opted in to the SS - an offer that coudn't be
refused. Christian Bernadac, however, believes that Lucifer, which as we have
said carries a distinct antisemitic thread, was not written under orders as some
claim, but that it was based on personal and mystical exploration of the
mythology of the Grail and, moreover, based on Rahn's journal kept before,
during and after his time in France. Bernadac believes that, from their context,
the antisemitic passages were present in the original journal.
Bernadac cites documents written by Rahn in his SS file. A note dated 23
February 1936 is headed "My combat for the Third Reich before 1933" and states
that "Before the taking of power, I had written abroad...a book (The Crusade
against the Grail) and articles that today represent an inheritance of the
National Socialist thought..."
When Bernadac asked Faure-Lacaussade whether Rahn was antisemitic he replied
that he did not recall Rahn ever talking specifically about the Jews, but that
he certanly held racist attitudes towards Arabs and blacks.
Isabelle Sandy, writer and poet who lived at Foix in the 1930's, told Bernadac
that Rahn had 'protectors' in the area but refused point-blank to name them. She
said that Rahn was an admirer of Hitler but he did not regard war, especially
with France, as inevitable, and that he hoped his work would lay the foundation
of a Franco-German alliance.
During his visit to France in 1932, Rahn was accompanied by an individual named
Nat Wolff. This person travelled on an American passport and claimed that he was
on a photographic mission for the US government. In fact, according to the
police files, on different occasions Wolff used two passports (giving different
birth dates), and was suspected of being a German agent, eventually being the
subject of an expulsion order by the Minister of the Interior. Bernadac thinks
this could have been the Nazi Karl Wolff.
Wolff was one of the original members of the SS on its formation in 1926. He was
given the task of cultivating individuals and groups that were sympathetic to
the Nazis, initially in Germany and later abroad. He was engaged in this work
until 1933 when he was returned to Germany as Himmler's personal assistant. He
became chief of Himmler's personal staff in 1936, and liaison officer between
Hitler and Himmler in 1937. In 1943 he was appointed head of the SS and police
During his time with the S.S. Rahn noticed that his telephone was tapped and
that he was being spied upon. He was under orders to deliver a book to Himmler
by 31 October 1937 and another by in 1939.
(Rahn was said to have had a godson who was seized by the S.S.).
From archive documents unearthed by current German research into Otto Rahn, we
know that Rahn read and lectured at the Dietrich-Eckart Club. Dietrich Eckart
was the wealthy publisher and co-editor of an antisemitic journal called In
Plain German. Eckart was also a commited occultist, drug addict, master of
magic, and was a member of the Thule Society. Eckart was an enormous influence
on Hitler who dedicated Mein Kampf to him. In Dr Wolff Heinrichsdorf's account
of one lecture we read that Rahn told his rapt audience that although the
Cathars were long dead their spirit lived, and that although the representatives
of Christ (Catholics) could burn men and women they were mistaken if they
thought that in doing so their devotion and yearning for the teachings of
Luzifer - "The Lightbringer" -would also perish. The audience saw that this
spirit became alive, real and glowing in Otto Rahn, a descendant of the old
troubadours. Rahn talked about his belief in a world of pure spirit for the
servants of Luzifer - as opposed to the fear of hell - the negative Jehovah and
the Jewish teaching. That evening's host, Kurt Eggers, closed the lecture with
the greeting "Luzifer, who suffered unjustly, I salute you".
From 23 November to 21 December 1937, Rahn served obligatory military service
with the Oberbayern Regiment, SS-Totenkopf division at Dachau. It appears that
it was a disciplinary measure according to a letter to the Chief of Staff of the
Reichsfuhrer-SS dated 28 August 1937. This memo stated that Rahn had promised to
abstain from alcohol for two years, and had promised to acquit himself in his
forthcoming tour of duty at Dachau for his reproachable conduct at Arolsen and
which Rahn bitterly regretted. What was this shameful thing that Rahn did to
earn such approbation from the S.S. authorities?
On 29 February 1938 Karl Wolff wrote an astonishing letter to the SS Office of
Racial Questions, informing them that Rahn had been unable to produce a
certificate of racial origin, a certificate that this letter points out had been
an absolute requirement for SS membership since 1 January 1935. Wolff's letter
grants Rahn one more month to meet this rule. Even so, there is nothing in
Rahn's file to indicate that such a certificate was produced before his
disappearance over a year later.
At the end of 1938 Rahn spent two months duty at Buchenwald.
Otto Rahn and Karl Maria Wiligut-Weisthor
One of the most enigmatic personalities of the Nazi era was Karl Maria Willigut
(he changed his name to Weisthor on entering the SS), born 10 December 1866 in
Vienna. Willigut claimed a royal lineage, issue of a long tradition of Germanic
sages, the Uiligotis of the Asa-Uana-Sippe, a link which would have conferred on
him a most particular power: ancestral clairvoyant memory. His old friend
Richard Anders, member of the Order of the New Temple of Jorg von Liebenfels,
became an SS officer and introduced Willigut to Himmler. And so, aged 67, in
September 1933, Willigut joined the ranks of the SS, rising to Brigadefuhrer,
and attached to prehistoric study as head of the department of RuSHA (Rasse und
Siedlungshauptamt, principal race and population bureau of the SS). One group of
the researchers grouped around Weisthor was to form the backbone of the
Ahnenerbe but Weisthor, in common with many others close to him personally,
never joined the Ahnenerbe which did not regard him with any seriousness.
In October 1934 Weisthor became head of Section VIII, archives, of the RuSHA.
Rahn made frequent visits from his home in Grunewald and got on very quickly
with the much older man. From May 1935, Rahn was commissioned by civil order to
join Himmler's personal office to assist Weisthor. Between them they sought to
recreate a cult founded on the ancient Germanic traditions. However, in
February, Karl Wolff, chief of Himmler's office, announced to
Weisthor that he should quit his duties and he was therefore officially
decommissioned of his responsibilities on 28 August 1939. Nothing in
Weisthor's SS dossier indicates that he failed in his duties except that the
Hitler regime was replete with petty jealousies and maybe he was a target in
this respect. Weisthor's section was incorporated into the Ahnenerbe.
The relationship between Rahn and Weisthor was so close that in 1939 Weisthor
received an invitation to Rahn's wedding, Perhaps surprisingly, Himmler was also
(Rahn's fiancee was called Asta Baeschlin and was born in Holtz which may be in
Switzerland. At the time of Rahn's disappearance she was around 27 years of age.
Details of only one other friend of Rahn's in Germany have come up in the very
brief opportunities to scan Rahn's SS files. His name was Raymond Perrier and
the places associated with Perrier are Muggenbrunn (Schwarzwald), Berlin,
Quedlingburg, and Freiburg/Breisgau). Himmler regarded Rahn as a very important
member of the team. Himmler personally ordered one hundred copies of Luzifers
Hofgesind and had one of the deluxe editions offered to Hitler. After Rahn's
death, even with his hands full with the war and despite the paper shortages,
Himmler had an additional one thousand copies printed. Rahn seemed to incarnate
the highest ideals of the SS in Himmler's regard, representing a savoir-faire
founded in the most fundamental knowledge of the old traditions.
Working with Karl Maria Wiligut-Weisthor, Rahn received in 1936 his next
assignment which was to visit Iceland. Rahn with twenty comrades visited Lake
Laugarvatn. He spent the summer solstice in Reykholt, the birthplace of Snorri
Sturlusson, the Nordic Homer, author of the Edda. He searched for evidence of
In 1937 he was sent back to Languedoc for reasons never clarified. He stayed
brief time in Montsegur and then left saying he would be back in 1939. This
wasn't to be. Was this 1937 trip the time when Rahn is said to have visited the
Corbieres near Rennes-le-Chateau, an expedition connected with the "forbidden
merchandise" in search of which the Otto Skorzeny's Das Reich team massacred the
inhabitants of Oradour-sur-Glame in 1944?
Current critical opinion (certainly in France) is that it is incontestable that
Rahn was a Nazi. However, there is still a lot of conjecture about Rahn's
supposed Jewishness. The writer E. Mila says that Rahn's Jewish status is
irrefutable. Rahn's mother was Clara Margaret Hamburger and his grandfather was
Simeon Hamburger, a name form frequently used by central European Jews. His
maternal grandmother, Lea Cucer, was equally Jewish. Cucer comes from Cocer, a
name of profession widely used by Jews of central Europe. If he was Jewish, Rahn
was far from being the only Jew in National Socialism eg Frederic Heilscher and
Martin Buber; also the Ahnenerbe chief Wolfram Sievers.
Rahn began to talk freely. He opposed the coming war, believing instead that
Germany and Europe should be transformed into a race of "Pure Ones" or Cathars.
On February 28 1939 Rahn submitted his letter of resignation from the SS to
Gruppenfuhrer Karl Wolff writing: "Unfortunately, I must ask you to intervene
with the Reichsfuhrer SS (Himmler) for my immediate discharge from the SS. The
reasons that have led me to this resolution, this decision, are of so grave a
nature that I can only explain them to you orally".
Rahn was dismissed from the SS on 17 March 1939, four days after his death. On
May 18 1939 "Volkischer Beobachter" published Rahn's obituary signed WOLFF,
SS-Gruppenfuhrer: "Due to a mountain snowstorm, last March, SS-Obersturmfuhrer
Otto Rahn tragically lost his life. We weep for our late comrade, an honest SS
man and an excellent author of historical and scientific works."
On 17 July Rahn's father wrote to a writers' association, of which Rahn was a
member, informing them that his son had died in a snowstorm at Ruffheim on 13
In February 1939 Wiligut-Weisthor retired from the SS on grounds of age and
ill-health. On 13 November 1939 a dossier de liquidation comprising Rahn's
research files, was sent from Himmler's office to the chief of SS personnel. The
final sentence reads: "The decision concerning the former Brigadier
General Weisthor is pending".
There is apparently fragmentary evidence that Rahn tried to save his life by
requesting that he live out his days in the Pyrenees. The proposition is that
this was refused and he was left with the options of death by suicide or by
execution. On March 13 1939 Rahn disappeared. Prior to his disappearance he told
friends in Fribourg that he had been "denounced".
Some say Rahn committed suicide but why would he have taken this course? He was
working on a number of projects: a book on Conrad of Marbourg (as stated in
Kreuzzug gegen Gral), Promethius Unbound (sequel to Luzifers Hofgesind),
According to God and to Right (a book for the French, according to Rahn's SS
dossier), Laurin (a novel as per Rahn's letter to Gadal of 14.7.34) and
Montsalvat and Golgotha (per letter to Weisthor 27.9.35). In addition he was
preparing a grand novel "Sebastian", a 2000 page manuscript that he had been
working on for several years. Rahn had told Himmler he would work at his cottage
in the Black Forest. That would also improve his bronchial catarrh. (A thought:
are Lorin and Sebastian the same draft work?).
The mountain on which Rahn died, the Wilder Kaiser, is somparatively low and it
is rare to find life-threatening conditions there. (However, it is 40 km from
Hitler's 'eagle's nest' at Berchtesgaden, and was in the defensive zone
There were said by many to be no traces of Rahn's body, neither at the civic
facilities at Kufstein nor at Michelstadt. There is no known tomb. Others, such
as Otto Vogelsang, editor of Kreuzzug gegen Gral , believe Rahn to be buried at
Mayence, giving the date of death as 10 May 1939 and interrment on 20 May.
Vogelsang had dined with Rahn a few days before his death and had found Rahn to
be happy and confident about the future.
An Austrian author, Kadmon, relates that while walking towards the Totenkirchl,
a promontory of the Wilderkaiser where, traditionally, war victims had come to
commit suicide, he met an old man who told him that in 1939, while out climbing,
he had come across Rahn's search party. The old man pointed to a small hill
surrounded by saplings and told Kadmon that it was the place where the searchers
had found the young man's body. There was no markings, nothing to indicate the
scene. The man said that the group had searched for several days before finding
in the falling snow a body. The back of the head and the shoulders were buried
in the snow. He said there was something "sacred, the saintliness of a hermit,
of a sage. The face displayed a great gentleness and softness; there was no sign
In "Luzifers Hofgesind" Rahn writes: "To open the Kingdom of Lucifer, you must
equip yourself with a Dietrich (skeleton-key)...I carry with me the key".
Compare Dietrich also to Sepp Dietrich, commandant of the Liebstandarte SS Adolf
Hitler, of which Rahn was also said to have been a member. On 13 November 1939 a
confidential note containing appendices on Otto Rahn was sent to SS
Gruppenfuhrer Schmitt at the office of the Chief of Staff SS:
APPENDIX 1 said that Rahn had been receiving a Captain's pay ever
since he had been a Lieutenant.
APPENDIX 4 said that Rahn had been "decorated" with the
"Jultenchter", the Candlestick of the Winter Solstice, which certified the
spirit of the SS and its nordic renewal. This was an exceptional measure for
Rahn as the Jultenchter was exclusively reserved for couples and families.
APPENDIX 5 said that Rahn had stayed at one time in one of the
fourteen houses of the Lebensborn Association, dedicated to racial purity. This
was a commitment to prove that one had handed over one's life to Himmler as an
"homme de la SS" (Himmler's Order).
Bernadac compares Rahn's obituary to those of 11 other SS officers who dies
around the same period. In every other case the notice was signed by their
family - only Rahn's is written and signed by Karl Wolff.
In none of the other 11 examples is the press notice included in the officer's
SS file - only in Rahn's case. In 8 of the other cases, what is included are the
legal proceedings, inquest details etc - but they are not found on Rahn's file.
Why was the letter from Rahn's father in the SS file? Stranger still, the letter
is signed R. Rahn - his father's name was Karl. And the letter ends "Heil
Hitler", which was usually only used by Party members.
Bernadac found that no notice of death had been received by the town council of
Michelstadt, Rahn's place of birth. The normal procedure was to send a notice
within 30 days, and this rule was strictly applied even for soldiers dying in
combat. Rahn's father was a civil servant, and would have known this rule. And
there is nothing on record concerning Rahn's inheritance, which would have
included royalties from his books.
Bernadac and a fellow-researcher also went to Kufstein, the nearest town to the
Wilder Kaiser. The mayor of the time remembered nothing of the discovery of the
body, and there is nothing in the town's archives concerning the event. They
were unable to find any records in any of the relevant towns concerning the
death, recovery of the body or inquest.
OTTO RAHN AND RUDOLF RAHN: the links
Christian Bernadac advances the theory that Otto Rahn and Rudolph Rahn,
Germany's ambassador to Italy in WW2 were, in reality one and the same person,
the subject of a carefully conceived cover-up within the higher echelons of the
In April 1941 a German diplomat was sent to Beirut, with a pro-German Frenchman
named Guerard, to handle the delivery of arms to rebels in Iraq. The diplomat,
chosen because of his excellent command of French and knowledge of the country,
was Rudolph Rahn. He was the advisor to Abetz, the German ambassador to France,
and subsequently became Nazi Germany's last ambassador to Rome. However, in both
the memoirs of Jeanne de Schoutheete (the wife of the Belgian diplomat in the
Lebanon) and Henri Seyrig (director of the Institut Francais in Beirut), he
appears under the name Otto Rahn.
There are some correspondences in respect of this theory that are worth looking
at. On 23 February 1944 someone repaid an outstanding loan from Himmler's "black
fund" to Otto Rahn in the sum of DM 5471, about £3000 in today's money. Who
would think this necessary five years after the Rahn's death?
Rudolph Rahn's Certificate of Aryanisation was missing from his file, a curious
coincidence bearing in mind Otto Rahn's missing certificate of racial origin.
Otto Rahn and Rudolph Rahn employed the same secretary , the former in 1932,
calling her Tita, the latter in 1943 in Rome. Otto Rahn at one time wrote to
Gadal saying that his secretary was "indispensible".
Rudolph Rahn said he was often called or liked to be called Otto in memory of
his brother who died in infancy in 1904 aged 3. Rudolph was born 16 March 1900
During his mission in the Middle East, Rudolph also went under the name of
Robert Renouard. He explained to Mme Schoutheete that he chosen the name
Raynouard (his initial choice, he told her, was Renoir) after a 19th-century
Provencal writer, but that his superior officer had mistakenly spelt this as
'Renouard' on his papers. Otto Rahn was in a rush to leave the Hotel des
Marronniers at Ussat, and in his hurry he left behind in his bedside cabinet a
book of occitan poems translated by Raynourd.
In his memoirs Rudolph Rahn writes of his mystical "jeu d'images" phenomenon he
experienced as a young child. He had the "gift" as it were. He said it was
always at his shoulder, impossible to escape from. He could foretell coming
events. His phantoms often took the form of numbers. He could visualise numbers
and geometric lines to form pathways to locate missing objects, the numbers
being footprints and the lines the direction to take to find the missing item.
These memoirs have several identical elements to Otto Rahn's own writings. For
example, Otto in Lucifer writes: "Soon, my little alarm clock will ring seven
times. In two hours it will be night...". In Rudolph Rahn's autobiograhy Vie
Sans Repos (thought: why did Rudolph call it: Life without Rest?) writes: "The
clock rings two chimes first, seven after..."
In Vie San Repos we read that after attending University (Berlin and Heidelberg
- also attended by Otto), Rudolph, like Otto, lived in Geneva where he worked as
a teacher and translator. Here he met an elderly spinster, who took him to
Provence. Strangely, he does not name this benefactor, who Bernadac thinks is
reminiscent of the Comtesse Pujol-Murat.
Rudolph Rahn was Germany's ambassador to Italy in the final days of the war.
Karl Wolff at this time was head of the German military in Italy.
Bernadac showed photos of Rudolph Rahn to Paul Ladame, and photos of Otto Rahn
to Jeanne de Schoutheete. Both said there were certain resemblances.
RAHN'S ALLEGED PRE-CONNECTION WITH THE 1944 MASSACRE OF ORADOUR-SUR-GLAME
Robin Mackness has written a book called: "Oradour: Massacre and Aftermath"
published by Bloomsbury Books.
Oradour-sur-Glame was a small village in the Limoges area that was visited by
Otto Skorzeny's crack SS team: the Das Reich in 1944. The SS made a
house-to-house search; they were apparently looking for gold but also for
"forbidden merchandise", said to be documents/archives of some description.
Whether the SS found anything is not clear but they concluded their visit by
massacring the village; there were apparently two survivors.
An SS contingent, led by Skorzeny, then went to the Corbieres, the arid region
around Rennes-le-Chateau and searched the mountains and caves.
It has been suggested that Otto Rahn made a previous visit to the Corbieres in
the 1930's and this visit was also connected with the "forbidden merchandise".
According to a letter recently received from France by the UK Rennes group,
whose members are verifying the convenance of the letter and its author, the
merchandise concerns some occult documents, apparently stolen from Hector
Dagobert in the Napoleonic era by `Chef Dubien'. This member of the Dagobert
family is said to be the real identity of le Comte de St Germain. Dubien was a
member of the Philadelphus Society and it was he who introduced Alfred Sauniere
to aristocratic circles. The inference is that Dagobert's documents and the
"forbidden merchandise" are one and the same.
According to Preston Nicholls and Peter Moon, authors of the Montauk series, a
remarkable event was said to have happened in Germany in 1923: a massive time
travel experiment which involved the Nazis. Key members of the Thule group
collaborated with Alisteir Crowley's Lodge, the Astrum Argentinium (Order of the
Silver Star of Illuminati) and a hybrid project was created called the
Phisummum. This project and the purpose of the secret order behind it, the Order
of the Black Sun, was time travel. Elizabeth van Buren has called WW2 a War of
Time. The Black sun stood for the centre of the galaxy.
In project Phisummum the Order of the Black Sun wanted to retrieve the Holy
Grail from a past century and put it into the hands of the groomer of the
Antichrist. Sex magic was employed and the Spear of Longinus was supposedly used
as a magical power source. A small but distorted time window was created and all
involved began to feel the overwhelming power building up.
Later in the year Dietrich Eckart died and his successors made a botch of things
and created a time rift which rippled forward to Philadelphia 12 August 1943 and
to several other points in time. Is there some kind of weird synchronicity
between the Philadelphus Society and the Philadelphia experiment?
Preston/Nicholls go on to say that in 1939 the most adventurous Ahnenerbe
experiment was set up: the harnessing of all natural and supernatural forces
from modern technology to medieval black magic; from the teachings of Pythagoras
to the Faustial pentagram incantation. If true was this a decisive turning point
for Rahn when he consequently sought his immediate dismissal?
THE DOORWAY/HOLE/POLAR THEME
Joscelyn Godwin writes at length in "Arktos" about the Spriritual Pole and the
experience of mystical ascent to it. The mystic Persian theosophers did not
situate their "Orient" towards the East but in the direction to the North,
beyond the north. There is a darkness around this pole which corresponds to the
shroud around one's individual spritual centre. Through self-discipline the
initiate can make a Pilgrimage to this Polar Orient that is not found on maps.
The Pole is also a mountain, called in Iranian lore Mount Qaf, whose ascent,
like Dante's climbing of the Mountain of Purgatory, represents the individual's
progress through spiritual states. The Mountain of Qaf is the Sphere of Spheres
surrounding the totality of the visible cosmos; an emerald rock is the keystone
of this celestial vault, the pole.
Of course, the mountain is not a physical geographical entity because it is an
allegory for individual spiritual ascent. It can be symbolized, therefore, by
any place on the earth but there are earthly topographies which do have a power
of which men and women may avail themselves in their Quest for enlightenment.
Montsegur is clearly one such place; Pic de Canigou is another.
There is abundant hollow earth literature on green lights, green children etc.
Najm Kobra speaks of green as the colour of the pole. The pilgrim at first finds
himself in a deep well and then he is suddenly illuminated by an extraordinary
green light that at first shines at the mouth, then, in the course of the
ascent, suffuses the whole of the well so that one is travelling up a luminous
shaft "of green light because it has become the place to which descend the
Angels and the divine Compassion".
There is an old legend that Rahn recounts in "Crusade" that is very apposite. He
writes of an ancient lake "entre Montsegur et la cime du Thabor". It is a lake
of dark (green) waters surrounded by sheer cliff walls. It is the Lake of the
Trouts (note that TROUTS contains the word OURS=bear) or the Lake of Sins. It is
situated between the mountain of Saint Bartholomew (opposite Montsegur and known
locally as Thabor) and the Pic de Soularac (Saint Bartholomew's twin summet). It
is the lake where the druids threw gold, silver and precious stones in a time
before Jesus. This treasure was said to be the fabled treasure of the Temple of
Delphi. In 279 BCE, Brennus, the Celtic chief led two hundred thousand soldiers
into Greece to raid this treasure. On the point of victory at Parnassus, a
series of natural calamities: lightning storms, falling rocks, hail stones and
heavy snow assailed the Brennus' troops causing mass slayings of the beseigers.
The Oracle told the townsfolk of Delphi that Apollo would not let allow them to
suffer distress. However, some accounts say that the Celts were finally
victorious, stole the treasure and brought it to Toulouse (Tolosa), but because
of the nature of its procurement the booty was cursed.
Celtic settlers in the Montsegur area began dying in numbers of an inexplicable
ailment. A man healthy in the morning could be dead by nightfall. Never before
had such a malady struck in the mountains. The druids divined by the flight of
the birds that the people would never get well unless the treasure was diposed
of and they advised the mountain folk to throw away the Delphian spoils as gifts
for the subterranean divinities, mistresses of life and death. On chariots drawn
on stone wheels, the mountain people brought their riches to the lake and
plunged them in the fathomless depths. Then the druids traced a magical circle
around the pond. Immediately, all the fish perished and the waters, once green,
became black. At this moment the people were cured of their terrible affliction.
The legend says that all the gold and silver will belong to he who can break the
magic circle. But, it warns, as soon as the finder touches these treasures he
will succumb to the same malady as the old mountain-folk (and presumably
This mysterious lake in the Pyrenees, and the lake of the Grail of Wolfram von
Eschenbach: are they one and the same...?
Rahn writes also that a part of the Treasure of Solomon, the "Table of Solomon",
was brought to Carcassone by the Visigoths in 410. Spanish romances say that
this Table was hidden in the magical grotto of Hercules in the Pyrenees.
The gold of Tolosa has echoes of La Toison d'Or: the Golden Fleece, and of the
legend of Hercules. Hercules, after having skinned the cattle of Geryon, seduced
the daughter of Bebryx, Pyrene. He then abandoned her. Pyrene, fearing the wrath
of her father, fled but was met by wild beasts. In desperation Pyrene called out
to Hercules but he arrived too late. She was dead. His lamentations reverberate
around the grottos and caverns to the echo of the name Pyrene, such is how the
range got its name. The name of Pyrene will never perish because always the
mountains will carry it.
In the Argonauts' epic adventures the Golden Fleece was hung upon a sacred oak,
nature symbol of the Druids,a group so bound up in the history of the Pyrenees
and the development of the Cathar faith and beliefs. Rahn posits that the
Cathars were a scion of earlier Druidism converted to Christianity by missionary
As in Ireland, Druidism was able to maintain itself well into the progress of
Christianity in the Pyrenees. The druid Vates were the astrologers, seers and
healers; the Bardes were the poets and singers. They were guardians of dualist
mysteries that we cannot fathom because they were transmitted orally from master
TOISON D'OR = IN OT(T)O'S DO(O)R. In medieval times the Philosophers Stone was
also called la Toison d'Or. Wolfram von Eschenbach had Parsifal looking for a
stone, the Lapsit exillis (Lapis ex coelis), the "Desire of Paradise". For those
on the path, the joys of paradise are to be found in the stars, the grandeur of
the firmament, transmuting nature's power within one's spirit-self and creating
a state of grace and balance. This is the essence of alchemic endeavour. It was
not gold the old alchemists wished to find but God within. The possession of the
Golden Fleece hoisted the Argonauts towards the stars. Hercules prepared himself
to become one with God, to take his place in the constellations between the
Lyre, the Crown, between Castor and Pollux. The good ship "Argo" which had
brought the precious relic across the sea was transported to the Milky Way to
join its sister stars in celebrating the infinite luminescence of God in the
The Argonauts were Hyperboreans. The inhabitants of Crotona in the sixth century
BCE made out that Pythagoras was no other than Apollo reborn, arrived from
Hyperborea to announce to mankind a new doctrine of hope and welcome.
Later, Cicero saw that druidic doctrine, which included a belief in eternal life
and the transmigration of souls, was Pythagorean in origin but a meld also of
natural sciences and of Hindu and Babylonian affinities. The druids taught that
the earth and all that grows and walks upon it is a creation of the God of
Death, Dispater. The immortal souls was obliged to migrate from existence to
existence to eventually purify itself and reconnect with its divine essence and
enter the world of pure spirit. The druids' God was Belenus or Belis. This God
was Apollon-Abelio, God and the Light. Dispater was the latinised name of the
Prince of Darkness, Pluto, sovereign of pale souls, of the dead, and guardian of
all hidden treasures. The druids held earthly treasures to no account and it was
on their order, as we have seen, hat the gold of Tolosa was thrown into the
Returning to the "green" theme, Iranian philosophers refer continually to this
colour: emerald rocks, giving access to emerald cities, and to the Green Island
where the hidden Imam lives (compare with this with Avalon or the Island of
Apples, the resting place of Arthur). All these seem to be transcripts of the
same visio smaragdina (emerald vision). The cosmology of Hermes Trismegistus was
written on an emerald tablet.
The Taoist designation for the Pole Star is the Pivot of Jade, a green stone.
Metaphyicians teach that green is the colour of the Philosophic Bridge; that
once a person has reached a point in his earth-plane completion cycle when he is
going beyond religion, asking questions on why, what, where and how (Parzifal
found that the Grail castle disappeared because he did not have the wit to ask
the question), then the aura takes on a beautiful emerald hue. The image of the
Jade Pivot fits this Bridge concept perfectly. It is green because it is the
colour of nature and it is in nature that we begin to perceive an appreciation
of the beauty within. This is our Grail and Otto Rahn knew this, too.
In Parzifal the Grail is a stone. The human heart is often compared to stone
when it is unfeeling and perhaps it also resembles this inanimate state before
it is enlivened by the passion of Quest. When a person's inner nature is at one
with outer nature it is an emerald illumination, a Jade Pivot.
From that moment on there is no going back; to borrow from Castenada, there is
no retun to Ixtlan once the question has been asked: Who Am I? It is then that
the heart, whose chakra colour is green, transmutes from simple stone i.e.
simple flesh and blood, to an altogether higher quality of creation. It is that
alchemical process which demarcates a major signpost along the mountain trail of
the Grail Quest.
Rene Schwaller, 1887-1961, organized in 1919 his Theosophical companions in
Paris into a group called L'Affranchis. This group renamed itself in July of
that year as Les Veilleurs. The Affranchis/Veilleurs split themselves into two
groups: the "Centre Apostolique" which was Theosophical in nature, and the
Mystic Group Tala translated as the `link'. The young Rudolf Hess was a member
of the Veilleurs.
Another member of this group was Oscar Vladislav de Lubicz Milozz (1877-1939).
He wrote a journal for the group called "La Revue Baltique" where we read of the
myth of Aryan origins on the Amber Coast of the Baltic Sea.
It is not clear what connection, if any, exists between Les Veilleurs and Otto
Rahn and needs further investigation
Is there a Tibetan connection?
The Russians came across about one thousand Tibetan corpses in the eastern
sector of Berlin in 1945 dressed in German army uniforms bereft of any insignia
of rank. According to Pauwels and Bergier, a small trans-Himalyan colony was
established in Berlin and Munich in 1926. One of its members, a Tibetan monk
known as the "man with the green gloves", was said to have "possessed the keys
to the kingdom of Agarthi". This monk took a keen interest in the growing Nazi
movement and gained notoriety by accurately predicting how many party members
would win seats in the Reichstag. Hitler consulted with him regularly.
Alongside the state religion of Lamaism was Tibet's aboriginal religion of Bon.
The Bon-pas followed a primitive, animalistic creed full of dark rituals and
spells. The Bon-pas priests had a reputation among the common people as
magicians. They were atavistic dark occultists.
The Thule group believed in an esoteric history of mankind and believed that
knowledge of this was preserved in Tibetan monastary archives.
The Nazis began to organise expeditions to Tibet when sufficient funds built up
and these succeeded without interruption up to 1943.
A little before 1880 a young lama arrived in Lhasa. He had been born in
Azochozki, on the shore of Lake Baikal in Siberia, of the Mongolian Buriat race.
In Tibet he was known as Comang Lobzang, later called Khende-chega and later
still Tsannyis Khan-po. Also known as Ngaku-wang-dorje and Akohwan Darjilikoff.
In Russia he was known as Hambro Akvan Dorzhieff or Dorjieff. This latter name
is a Russian verion of the Tibetan word for thunderbolt.
On his arrival in Tibet as a young man he entered the Drepung monastery. After
years of study he became professor of metaphysics.
In 1898 he was sent back to Russia. He made futher trips back and forth and
returned towards the end of 1901 with a draft treaty between Tibet and Russia.
The British invaded Tibet in December 1904. Dorjieff disappeared but evidence
that he returned to Tibet and was visited there by Karl Haushofer in 1903, 1905,
1906, 1907 and 1908. Haushofer went on to found the Thule group, which was
moulded on similar esoteric Tibetan groups, studying the Stanzas of Dzyan, the
cornerstone of Blavatsky's "Secret Doctrine". Haushofer also founded the Vril
Society based on the Bulmer-Lytton's "The Coming Race" published in the late
1800's. There is a body of opinion that Haushofer initiated Hitler into the
rites and secrets of the Japanese Zen Green Dragon Society.
Notwithstanding Haushofer's role in its establishment, the Thule Gesellschaft
had its origins in the Germanenorden conference held at Thale in the Harz
Mountains, Pentecost, 1914. Out of this conference was born the Geheimbund (the
"secret band"). Most of the original Thule group were Catholic, but several had
The group practised a form of divination using a special Tibetan `Tarot' pack,
used also to keep contact with the secret master, the King of Fear. Brennan
suggests that this "King" was Gurdjieff. Both Gurdjieff and Aliester Crowley are
believed to have sought contact with Hitler.
By the 1920's when the Thule group was formed Dorjieff was living in France. He
was then known as George Ivanovitch Gurdjieff. He died in 1949 aged 103 years.
Stalin had been a fellow student of Gurdjieff's in the Seminary at Alexandropol.
From 1907-10, Haushofer lived mostly in Japan where he was initiated into the
Green Dragon Buddhist society. It is possible that Rasputin was also a member of
this society for its lodges fringed Russia. He gave a gift to the Tsarina of a
pair of small emerald green dragons, the Order's insignia, which was discovered
to have been sewn into her dress in 1918.
Alexandra, the last Tsarina, inscribed the left-hand swastika with the date 1918
on the wall of her prison quarters at Ekaterinburg where she was subsequently
murdered. Her doctor, Badmaiell, was a practitioner of Tibetan medicine. The
Tsarina also used the swastika as a secret sign of recognition in her
correspondence. The swastika was also used by Russian monarchists who, after
defeat of Germany in WW1, allied with General Ludendorff's entourage as
protector to Hitler.
Dietrich Bronder published "Bevor Hitler Kam" in 1964. He wrote of the SS
expedition to Tibet set up with the express purpose of establishing a radio link
between the Third Reich and the lamas. The `Stanzas of Dyan' were used as the
code for all messages between Berlin and Lhasa during the war.
In Wilhelm Landig's "Gotzen gegen Thule", 1971, we read the fictional account of
two Nazi airmen named Recke and Reimer finding sanctuary in a secret base in
Arctic Canada called Point 103. Its symbol is the Black Sun. Its number is 666.
Consider this with link to Crowley and the material the Montauk volumes.
A FLEETING THOUGHT
If, as I believe, Otto Rahn survived his "death", indeed lived through the war,
does this place hold a clue to his fate....?
OTTO RAHN BIBLIOGRAPHY
"Le Mystere Otto Rahn" Christian Bernadac
"The Grail Legend" Emma Jung
"The Return of Arthur Conan Doyle" edited by Ivan Cooke
"The Occult and the Third Reich" Jean-Michel Angebert
"Nazis and the Occult" Dee Sklar
"Trail of the Serpent" Stoddard
"The Dawn of the Magicians" Pauwels & Bergier
"The Lost World of Agarthi" Alec McClelland
"Le Croisade Contre le Graal" Otto Rahn
"Genisis: the First Book of Revelations" David Wood
"Geneset: Target Earth" David Wood & Ian Campbell
"Hitler and the Age of Horus" Gerald Shuster
"La Cour de Lucifer" Otto Rahn
"Emerald Cup-Ark of Gold" Col. Howard Buechner
"The Order of the S.S." Frederic Reider
"Arktos: the Polar Myth" Joscelyn Godwin
"Montauk Project: Experiments in Time" Preston Nicholls & Peter Moon
"Montauk Revisited" Nicholls/Moon
"Pyramids of Montauk: Experiments in Consciousness" Nicholls/Moon
"The Occult Roots of Nazism" Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke
"Die Welt" article: `the Double Rahn & the Holy Grail' 12 May 1979
"Storm Troopers of Satan" Michael Fitzgerald
"Hitler's Secret Sciences" Nigel Pennick
"The Occult Reich" H. Brennan
"The Spear of Destiny" Trevor Ravenscroft
"The Berkut" Joseph Heywood
"Jules Verne: Initie et Initiateur" Michel Lamy
excerpt from "The Magi of the North" James Webb
Whom does the Grail serve?