Les Bergers d'Arcadie
The view from Arques showing the same landscape depicted on
the right hand side of Poussin's painting above.
An X-ray of the painting Les Bergers d'Arcadie
Notice that the tomb is painted over the staff which means that Poussin painted
the staff first. Why would Poussin break a rule and paint foreground first?
the late 1620s, Nicholas Poussin produced a number of sketches of the
Annunciation, culminating in a painting that still survives at Chantilly.
Internal evidence suggests a 15th-century influence, and the relative positions
of the figures in the painting are reminiscent of those in the
Aix panel1, but to read anything into this would be clutching at
straws. Much more interesting is the second version of this theme, painted in
1657. The iconography is very unusual. Mary sits cross-legged like an eastern
woman, her arms open wide, while the angel makes hieratic gestures rare in
17th-century Annunciations, but more common in the 15th. J. Costello (quoted by
is of the opinion that this painting was a design for a funeral monument to
Poussin's friend and mentor Cassianio del Pozzo, an antiquarian scholar of
distinction. This is a decidedly odd theme for a funeral monument, but
Friedlaender offers some observations which are enlightening. Pozzo was to be
buried in the Church of Sta Maria Topa Minerva, which stood on the site of an
ancient sanctuary of the goddess Isis, and Friedlaender suggests that Poussin's
painting combines the characteristics of three divinities - Mary, Minerva
and Isis. He also observes that the posture of the female figure seems to
represent the sedes sapientiae - seat of wisdom.
Poussin is known to have been a profound student of ancient myths from
original sources. He often referred to Ripa's Iconologia, constantly
carried Cartari's Images of the Gods with him, and embodied Neoplatonic
doctrines in his paintings. (A fact not lost upon W.B. Yeats, who based the
symbology of his own Neoplatonic poem, "News for the Delphic Oracle", upon the
artist's Marriage of Thetis and Peleus.) Poussin's paintings contain
multiple layers of meaning, often blending Pagan and Christian themes. One of
the major sources of his learning was the library of Pozzo.
The Annunciation is the only late painting by Poussin that is signed and
dated. It also contains a large inscription to commemorate the fact that it was
painted in the reign of the
Pope Alexander VII, an opponent of
Mazarin advisor to Louis XIV of France. Poussin might have been thought to
have taken quite a risk when he mentioned the Pope in such a painting, but it
seems that he knew exactly what he was doing.
Annunciation by Nicolas Poussin
Annunciation by Nicolas Poussin
Why did Poussin relate this second 1657 painting of the Annunciation to Pope
Alexander VII, son of a banker?
Could it be that in his reign as Pope Alexander VII put an end to
Pope Alexander VII published his Index Librorum Prohibitorum Alexandri VII
Pontificis Maximi jussu editus which he prefaced with the Bull
Speculatores Dominus Israel in which he explicitly attached all the
Note On January 21st 1932 an article appeared in the
London Times suggesting that the Aix Panel had been painted by a Satanist.
Problem with Prof Cornford's analysis of the painting Les Bergere d'Arcadie (Louvre)
Professor Cornford's analysis of Les Bergere d'Arcadie
This analysis does not include the part of the painting
covered by the frame.
Conjecture tells me that Cornford was told to look for a
Pentacle in the painting. The ratio of the canvas height to width reveals
a Golden Ratio proportion and so lends itself to Cornford's conclusion
Here is the actual extent of the painting with frame removed.
Here with the frame removed it reveals the true size of
the Shepherds of Arcadia painting.
(Notice that the painting is tilted also.)
Schellenberger and Andrews analysis and the new size we find that using the
shepherd's staffs we now have this.
Using the staff lengths as the radii of a containing circle. We find:
The white shepherd's staff
make a six-pointed hexagram centred on a spot
The blue shepherd's staff
makes a five pointed pentacle centred on the same spot
And the red shepherd's staff
makes a three-pointed triangle also centred on this very same spot.
An expansion of the centre of the circle
marked by the Shepherd's staffs reveals:
Is this Montségur?
There are other reasons in the painting to reach the
conclusion that Poussin is alluding to Montségur here.
The actual centre is slightly down the mountain face.
Now look at this story:
In Geography Strabo (64 B.C-23 A.D.) tells of a massive 300 tons of gold and
silver bullion that was recovered by the Romans from the Celtic temples at
Narbonne. This is near the mouth of the Aude river on the French Mediterranean
coast. A further eighty kilometres up the Aude is Rennes-le-Chateau. Strabo
attributes the bullion as either an accumulation of Celtic sacred offerings, or
else the Celts' loot from the Greek treasuries at Delphi, sacked in 278 B.C. The
Romans somehow lost the bullion near Narbonne during Caesar's Gallic Wars and it
was never recovered.
The gold was taken from a votive lake by a
Roman proconsul by the name of Cæpion. He took 80 tons of gold and money and
immediately re-melted this into ingots. This apparently disappeared during its
transport towards the port of Narbonne following an attack from Volkes
tectosages upset by this profanation of their sacred offerings. They would have
then withdrawn to the high valley of the Aude and would have hidden the treasure
in this area which is easy to police.
In 1830 a man while out walking in
the Garrigue found a gold ingot weighing 20 kilos and not long after this in
1860 near to Bezu another man found a gold bar made up of partially smelted
Arabic coins and weighing almost 50 kilos. Sauniere was investigated by the
local Gendarmerie on suspicion of trafficking in gold in Spain and there is also
a report from Spanish police on this matter.
The votive lake may well be
as Otto Rahn's Grail lake.
It is called Etang
des Truites. There is no trout in this lake, trout have been unable to survive
in this lake because of volcanic gassing activity. There is however an endemic
species of Golden Salamander. The word Truites is a corruption
of the word Druides. It is described as Otto Rahn's Grail lake and the lake sits
above another lake called Etang du Diable (Devils Pond). The lakes are on the
slopes of Batholmey and Soularac (Solar Rock) - Initials BS.
They sit on the Archangel's Cross.
They are 5 miles
from Montsegur and joined by a track known as Trac des Grailles. Montsegur is
known locally as Mount Tabor which had been the place of the Transfiguration of
Jesus. The feast of the Transfiguration is the much older Celtic feast of
Lughnasagh, named after the Celtic Sun God Lugh. The city of Lyon was named
after this same Sun God.
It is important to state that the Cathars only
occupied Montsegur as a result of attacks by the Holy Roman church. At the fall
of Montsegur in 1244 they had only been there 40 years.
Prior to that
Montségur had been a
But there's more:
In February 1944 SS Colonel called Otto Skorzeny the same man who had rescued
Mussolini in a daring mountaintop raid and a selected unit of SS commando set up
camp at Montségur itself. Montségur is approachable on three sides, Skorzeny and
his team decided to scale the sheer drop of several thousand feet. After
abseiling down the vertical face they allegedly found a walled up cave
(The cave is called Tabor) . Skorzeny
sent a message to Berlin:
And signed it – “Scar”
The reply was:
“Well Done. Congratulations. Watch the sky tomorrow at Noon. Await our
It was March 16th 1944; it
seems that Skorzeny had unwittingly found something EXACTLY on the 700th
anniversary of the fall of Montségur and was surprised to come across a large
gathering of Cathar descendants heading for the Castle to pay homage to their
ancestors. It was significant because an ancient prophesy had foretold that at
the “end of 700 years, the laurel will blossom again on the ashes of the
The signal to watch the sky when Skorzeny and his team
arrived at the castle at noon was significant because German aircraft arrived
and formed a Celtic cross in the sky.
The following day Reichsminister Alfred Rosenberg and Colonel Wolfram Sievers of
the Ahnenerbe arrived at Montségur to congratulate Skorzeny.
found apparently consisted of:
• Thousands of Gold Coins
believed to have come from the Temple of Solomon, which included Gold plates and
fragments of wood which had once made up the Ark of Moses….a gold plated table,
a candelabra with seven branches, a golden urn, a staff, a harp, a sword,
innumerable golden plates and vessels, many small belts of gold and a number of
precious jewels and onyx stones, some of which bore inscriptions.
stone tablets bearing pre-runic inscriptions which none of the experts were able
• A silver cup with an emerald-like base made of what appeared to
be Jasper. Three gold plaques on the cup were inscribed with cuneiform script in
an ancient language.
• A large number of religious objects of various
types…crosses from different periods which were of gold or silver and adorned
with pearls and precious stones.
• Precious stones in abundance in all shapes
Many of the gold coins were melted down and turned into
ingots. When the town of Merkers fell to the 3rd US Army under General George
Patton his men discovered these ingots in nearby salt-mines in which this
treasure was stored. The estimated value of the gold was $250,000,000 (by 1945
See US Government National Archives
The feast of the Transfiguration is the much older Celtic feast of Lughnasagh,
named after the Celtic Sun God Lugh. The New Testament presents three almost
identical accounts of the Transfiguration in three of the synoptic Gospels;
Mark 9:2-9; and
Luke 9:28-36, significantly it does not feature in the Book of John. To
reiterate the story these Gospels tell us that Jesus went up onto a mountain
(Mount Tabor), with the disciples Peter, John and James, and in their presence
Jesus was transfigured shining like the
Sun and then there appears Moses and Elias (Elijah). It is
interesting to note here that the painting by David Teniers which we have been
calling St Anthony and St Paul fed by Ravens is listed in the Witt Library
catalogue at the Courtauld Institute as Elijah and Elisha being fed by Ravens.
This is odd as the painting clearly has a crucifix on the rock at the centre yet
those are prophets from the Old Testament and equally odd is the fact that
Elisha was never fed by ravens although Elijah was fed bread and flesh after God
had sent him into the desert. In the New Testament, both Jesus and John the
Baptist are on some occasions thought to be Elijah. John the Baptist was
actually described by the Archangel Gabriel as coming
"in the spirit and power of Elijah" .
The birthdays of both John the Baptist and Jesus are significant Celtic
festivals. John the Baptist day being Midsummer's Day and Jesus' being the
So then we have this from our friend Philippe de
"My dear Roseline, who died on 6 August 1967, the Feast of
the Transfiguration, while leaving the Zero Meridian by car." (Circuit p. 108).
“Two contrary desires share my heart, glory to publish
all that at the great day, and to jealously keep this treasure without ever
saying anything. My whole life needs to hesitate and I awake in the same moment
that I die….. By the celibacy which is imposed on them the priests are the best
guards of treasures than one can conceive…..A priest, because it is concerned
[with] Sky and Earth, must meditate on the relationships of astronomy with the
geography…..With the difference in the phenomena which should be seen to
believe, Cromleck of RLB [Rennes les Bains] is seen only when one believes in
it, nothing is really proven there, not even the roulers or hones it posed which
will appear readily to the whims of nature.”
- again the words of
Philippe de Cherisey.
The Abbé de Fleury was born in Lodève in the
Languedoc in 1653 and was the bishop of Fréjus in 1698 and became the preceptor
for the young King Louis XV in 1715. He was a member of the Academy of Sciences
and was a Cardinal and Prime Minister by 1726 at the age of 73. He extended the
library for the King but interestingly he sent many of the members of the
Academy of Sciences to the North and to Peru to measure the meridian. He also
sent scholars to Egypt and Greece to search for precious manuscripts.
Interestingly Soularac is mentioned in a report of a meridian measurement by the
well respected astronomer Delambre in 3 volumes of work from 1806 to 1810 that
followed ground measurements in 1797 by Méchain here it is referred to as
Eastern Peak of the Saint-Bartholémy Mount and the “Peak of Estangtost”.
Delambre was born in Amiens in 1749 and was an astronomer and mathematician; he
was a remarkable man who had a childhood illness which gave him the fear that he
would soon go blind. As a result of this he read every book that was available
to him and immersed himself in Greek and Latin literature. He also acquired the
ability to memorise entire pages and to recite them verbally word for word. He
also became fluent in Italian, English and German and even published a book
called “Rules and methods to easily learn English.”. However his interest in
astronomy is quite relevant to our story and Delambre’s contribution to the
science of Astronomy is so great that he has a crater on the moon named after
Delambre published details of the whole project in Base du système
métrique. The first of the three volumes, containing the history of measurement
of the Earth and the project's triangulation data, was published in 1806. When
Delambre presented it to Napoleon, the emperor said:
come and go but this work will endure”
In 1809, Napoleon requested
that the Académie des Sciences award a prize for the best scientific publication
of the decade, the award went to Delambre for his work on the meridian.
The very word meridian seems to have a curious etymology and can be
associated with the name Mary or Mari and is of course any line drawn the
shortest distance around the earth’s surface from the North Pole to the South
Pole. This would be designated as a datum line usually given zero degrees from
which the West/East circumference would be segmented into 360 equal degrees. So
each hour the earth will rotate 15 degrees. The word Meridian is largely thought
to have stemmed from the Old French word for noon, literally medhyo-dyeu - mid
day. However the word dyeu, although now taken to mean day is in fact directly
from the word for god and the same base from which the Latin word dei stems. The
name for the Indo-European God Jupiter is from the vocative compound dyeu –
pater (God father) and Diana is from the Latin Diā – na (literally Moon
Goddess). Even Asmodeus is from Aēšma-Daēva, which if we are to translate
literally using Zoroastrianism is literally Wrath of God from the Avestan old
The marking of the meridian is therefore directly linked to a god or goddess and
taken literally could in fact mean the
Goddess Mari – Mari-dyeu.
western slope of Soularac/Bartholemy can be found the rare earth
Ruthenium is an Anti-cancer medicine
Philosophers Stone Anyone?
And finally this:
"Mesures altimétriques: un point géodésique de
Après une mesure ponctuelle de notre pic par
François de Plantade
durant le premier tiers du XVIIIe siècle, les premières mesures géodésiques
visant à effectuer un "nivellement général", c'est à dire une détermination de
tous les principaux sommets de la chaîne des Pyrénées, remontent aux travaux du
géodésien H. Reboul, assisté de l'astronome J. Vidal, entre 1787 et 1789."
"Measurements: a geodetic point of "first order"
After a spot of our peak by
François de Plantade during
the first third of the 18th century, the first geodetic measurements to
make a "general level", it is a determination of the principal summits
of the chain of the Pyrenees, date back to the work of the mathematician
H. Reboul, assisted by astronomer J. Vidal, between 1787 and 1789."
"Dès ces premières mesures géodésiques,
le Pic de Saint-Barthélemy a été considéré, de par son panorama, comme "point
géodésique de premier ordre", c'est à dire un point nécessaire à la
triangulation principale. Pour le Pic de Saint-Barthélemy, Reboul avait trouvé
une élévation de 2322.5 m par des mesures effectuées le 9 septembre 1789 "à la
Montagne d'Appy, Tabe, ou St-Barthélemy", et vérifiées par Vidal (cela ne
rehaussait que de quelque mètres la mesure de
qui était de 2319 m). Ensuite ces deux mêmes scientifiques avaient entrepris une
nouvelle campagne de mesures, plus précise, entre 1816 et 1817, dont les
résultats ont été cités par plusieurs auteurs. Le statut de "point géodésique de
premier ordre" dont a joui dès le début le Pic de Saint-Barthélemy, fait qu'il a
été toisé à chaque nouvelle campagne de mesure."
"From these first geodetic measurements, the peak of
Saint-Barthélemy was considered, because of its panorama, as
"first-order geodetic point", i.e. a necessary main triangulation point.
For the peak of Saint - Barthélemy, Raj had found an elevation of 2322.5
m by September 9, 1789 measurements "on the mountain of Appy, t or
St-Barthélemy", and verified by Vidal (this raises to some metres
Plantade measurement which was 2319 m). Then these same two scientists
had launched a new campaign of measurements more accurate, between 1816
and 1817, whose results have been cited by several authors. The status
of "first order geodetic point" enjoyed from the beginning the peak of
Saint - Barthélemy, is it been glared at each new measurement campaign."
"Ensuite, il faut savoir que le Pic de
Saint-Barthélemy a reçu l'insigne honneur de faire partie de la petite centaine
de points remarquables choisis de part et d'autre du
"méridien de l'Observatoire"
pour mener à bien "la mesure du monde",
comme disaient les révolutionnaires, ceci afin de définir une unité de longueur
totalement nouvelle et "universelle": le mètre."
"Then, you should know that the peak
of Saint-Barthélemy received the honour to be part of the small hundred selected
highlights and after the "meridian
of the Observatory" to carry out
"the measure of the world",
as the revolutionaries, in order to define a completely new and "universal"