HOLY BLOOD - HOLY GRAIL
What the "TV experts" are NOT telling you.
According to Dan Brown in his book the Da Vinci code, the early Grail writers
wrote the word SANGREAL and that this was split to become SAN GREAL or Holy
Grail because there is a Celtic cup object called GRAAL. However Brown says that
this should be split as SANG REAL or Blood Royal. Brown is not entirely wrong
THE EARLY GRAIL WAS NEVER A CHALICE
Actually what Brown says is
incorrect the early writers of the 12th and 13th centuries who wrote about the
Grail did not mention the word SANGRAAL. But the fact is that everyone considers
the Grail as a cup or Chalice because of total misinformation by Tennyson and
Wagner. The early Grail writers NEVER regarded the SANGRAAL as a cup or chalice
but merely as the GRAAL (anglicised to Grail) but as we shall see there is
confusion amongst these writers as to what they thought it was.
first writer to mention the Grail was Chrétien de Troyes, his book Conte de
Graal. It was the last of his Arthurian romances and was probably composed
between 1175 and 1190. What Chrétien considered to be the Graal could not
possibly have been a cup. In his story Chrétien said that it contained a
sacramental wafer and thus, the Host, represented it as a ciborium, a covered
goblet surmounted by a cross, the normal receptacle of the Corpus Christi. It is
certain that Chrétien considered it otherwise Helinand, abbot of Froidmont, who
was a contemporary of Chrétien de Troyes writing about 1215 defined the word as
'sculelle lata et aliquantulum profunda, in qua preciosae dapes divitibus solent
apponi' - 'a wide and slightly deep dish, in which costly viands are customarily
placed for rich people'. Chrétien de Troyes died before completing the Conte de
Graal. The first person to write about the Grail after Chrétien's poem mentioned
a hundred boars heads on Grails. Later writers who mentioned the Grail, Estoire
and Queste del Saint Graal, saw fit to christianise the story and equated the
Grail with the Last Supper containing the Paschal lamb. Clearly Chrétien de
Troyes is referring to a container of considerable size, in fact he specifically
mentions the fact later in the book that the vessel did not contain a Pike or a
Lamprey or a Salmon which would have been a pointless remark if the Grail had
been a cup or ciborium.
In this story by Chrétien de Troyes a boy called
Perceval who is later knighted sees a procession preceded by a bleeding lance at
the Castle of the sick and lame Fisher King, Perceval does not learn that this
Fisherman is a king until later but also learns that there is another lord in
the castle that has not left his room for fifteen years. Chrétien de Troyes says
"Then two squires came in , right handsome, bearing in their hands
candelabra of fine gold and niello work, and in each candelabrum were at least
ten candles. A damsel came in with these holding between her two hands a graal.
She was beautiful, gracious, splendidly garbed, and as she entered with the
grail in her hands, there was such a brilliant light that the candles lost their
brightness, just as the stars do when the moon or the sun rises. After her came
a damsel holding a carving-dish (tailleor) of silver. The grail which preceded
her was of refined gold; and it was set with precious stones of many kinds, the
richest and the costliest that exist in the sea or in the earth. Without
question those set in the grail surpassed all other jewels. Like the lance,
these damsels passed before the couch and entered the chamber.
watched them pass, but did not dare to ask concerning the grail and whom one
served with it, for he kept in his heart the words of the wise nobleman. I fear
that harm will come of this , because I have heard say that one can be too
silent as well as be too loquacious. But for better or worse, the youth put no
It is good to question things even if someone purporting to be
wise tells you to keep your mouth shut, because if you do you may cure many ills
by questioning things. Perceval later finds out from another damsel who turns
out to be his cousin that he has been a fool not to ask the question that his
heart wanted so much to ask. Whom does the Grail serve? This is an odd question
which never really gets answered. It is generally assumed above that the
brilliant light IS the Grail but Chrétien de Troyes does not necessarily say
this and he later finds out the other lord whom Perceval has not met lives
entirely upon a wafer and it is he whom the Grail serves. Perceval is troubled
by his lack of what he considers to be common sense and later seeks a hermit
from whom Perceval seeks atonement for his sins (although his sin appears to be
nothing more than that he left his mother alone and she died of a broken heart
and that he failed to ask the question Whom does the Grail serve?). A confession
is given to the hermit and a forced acceptance of the Good Friday story of
Jesus' crucifixion and resurrection is the penance for his sins..
story is a classic gothic narrative and is clearly allegorical. The hermit
doesn't offer a solution to Perceval's troubles, instead of resolving Perceval's
difficulty he merely compounds them. We are not told that Perceval doesn't not
recognise Jesus' sacrifice on the cross although apparantly Perceval later has
combat with another knight on what is Good Friday which he had forgotten. A
French scholar Albert Pauphilet sums up the confusion thus:
infirm king, whom a single question would have cured, was he, after all, not the
only lord of a marvellous castle? Nor the only infirm one? For the other lord,
his father, whom Perceval did not see, is even more an invalid than the Fisher
King, for he has not left his chamber for fifteen years. Was he also to be
healed by Perceval's question? But there is no mention of it....This old man was
sustained by a single mass wafer, brought to him by the Grail , and yet, with
every fresh course, the Grail reappears and passes into his chamber; why these
repeated servings of a single wafer? Finally, the Host ought not to be placed in
any but a liturgical vessel; behold, then, the Grail surreptitiously transformed
into a ciborium or chalice, and a strange procession into the commencement of a
Christian liturgy. But in that case, what do these unusual accessories signify,
this lance, and above all this absence of a priest?"
Note that it is not
the Grail that sustains the lord who hasn't left his chamber for fifteen years
that Perceval didn't meet but what is contained IN the Grail that sustains him.
We aren't told of the dire circumstances that transpired when Perceval didn't
ask the question Whom does the Grail serve? which caused him to be a sinner and
to seek atonement from the hermit. Your attention is also drawn to fact that the
year of writing is around 1125 and yet it is a young woman who is bearing what
has been later interpreted as administering the Eucharist. This is in direct
violation of the doctrine of the Roman Church and yet as far as we know Chrétien
de Troyes was not admonished for this.
The story of a traveller seeking
something and being made welcome in a castle where he witnesses strange
happenings who later goes to sleep only to find everyone gone in the morning is
a well known story line from Celtic Legends. One such is the Irish allegorical
stories called Echtra [a visit to another world]. Here a mortal hero visits a
supernatural palace and witnesses strange happenings and awakes in the morning
and finds his hosts and their dwellings have disappeared. An almost direct
comparison with that of Conte de Graal is that of the story called 'Phantom's
Frenzy'. [frenzy in this context means a kind of prophetic ecstasy] and is the
story of Conn of the Hundred Battles who reigned in Ireland in the second
century CE. The story parallels Chrétien de Troyes in a number of ways and
perhaps the bottom line is that the Irish Echtra speaks of the 'Sovranty'(sic)
of Ireland and speaks of the four chief treasures of the Tuatha De Danann, the
Irish Gods. Chrétien de Troyes speaks of the lance which accompanied the
procession as that which will destroy the whole realm of Logres (England). In
Conte de Graal an ugly damsel appears in a palace and appears to serve no
purpose in the story. However later stories called Peredur and Perlesvaus tell
us that in the court of King Arthur the bearer of the dish who passed before the
hero in the castle is the same ugly damsel (Loathly Damsel) that appears later
in Chrétien de Troyes who complains of his silence and failure to ask the
Several questions leap from this apparant parallel story. Why
does the damsel change from being extremely ugly damsel to radiant and beautiful
in the presence of the Grail? It appears that the Welsh author of Peredur
received this story not from Conte de Graal but from an earlier story which
Chrétien de Troyes also received the story from. Many authors feel that the
damsel is the goddess Eriu [from whom Erie received its name]. The oldest
account of her two forms comes from an Irish poem written in 1014. In this poem
she is described as thin-shanked, grey haired, bushy browed 'As it were a flash
from a mountain-side in the month of March, even so blazed her bitter eyes'. But
after transformation her countenance bloomed like the crimson lichen of Leinster
crags, her locks were like Bregon's buttercups. This grail bearing goddess is
the country of Erie and the story written by Chrétien de Troyes is a throw back
to a pagan story emanating from the west coast of Ireland but repeated
throughout the Celtic world as an allegory.
But we still have the
question 'Whom does the Grail serve?'
Professor Helaine Newstead
believes that the Fisher King is Bran the Blessed1 and his story resembles the
Fisher Kings story in the following manner:
Perceval's host was wounded
through the thighs or the legs with a javelin. Bran the Blessed was wounded in
the foot with a lance in battle. In the story however the words of Branwen
translates as 'I was with Bran in Ireland; I saw when the Pierced Thigh was
Chrétien de Troyes and the other Grail romancers say that the
Fisher King entertained his guests sumptuously according to the Mabinogian Bran
dispensed lavish hospitality.
In Didot Perceval the Fisher King is called
In Robert de Boron's Joseph Bron is called the 'Rich Fisher' and
was instructed to set out with his followers to the West. The followers of Bran,
in the company of his severed head [a parallel with the Templars here] journeyed
to Gwales (Grassholm) the westernmost isle of Wales.
Gawain feasted in the Fisher King's castle with twelve knights 'aged and haired
and they did not seem to be so old as they were, for each was a hundred years
old or more, and yet none seemed to be forty.' Bran's followers passed eighty
years in a great hall in the midst of abundance and joy, yet 'none of them
perceived that his fellow was older by that time than when they came there.'
It is clear that the concept of the Grail (Graal) comes from a Celtic word
meaning, as Helinand, abbot of Froidmont, put it 'a wide and slightly deep dish,
in which costly viands are customarily placed for rich people'. The sacred and
less understandable aspect is what was carried in this dish.
believe him to be Anfortas also known as BOAZ (strength)
Perlesvaus the Grail (Graal) is not a material object and the Fisher King is
called Messios which has a resemblance to the word Messiah and the Templars make
their first appearance into the Grail story. Perhaps significantly Perlesvaus
was written at a time when the Holy land was in the possession of the Saracens.
The Perlesvaus lays great importance on Grail Lineage.
Perhaps the most
enigmatic piece however comes right at the beginning of the Perlesvaus:
Here is the Book of thy Descent,
Here begins the Book of the Sangreal,
Here begin the terrors,
Here begin the miracles.
Anyone want to
THE GRAIL BECOMES VESSEL CONTAINING A
However in the early 1200s comes probably the most important Grail
romance called Parzival. Written by a Bavarian Knight called Wolfram von
Eschenbach it is the most evocative Grail narrative of all. Once again the
Templars feature prominently and they are portrayed as the Guardians of the
Temple of the Grail located on Munsalvaesche (Mount of Salvation) which has been
linked by many to the Cathar Castle of Montsegur. By now the story has changed
dramatically. It still features the Fisher King but now he is a Priest King in
the same manner as Jesus and officiates at the Grail Mass precisely the same as
the Last Supper.
Wolfram stated unequivocally that Chrétien de Troyes'
version of the Grail story was wrong and he gave the source of his story from
someone he called Kyot le Provenzale, apparantly a Templar scribe
[non-combatant] who wrote of an earlier Grail manuscript from Arabia written by
a man called Flegetanis. described as:
"a scholar of nature, descended
from Solomon, and born of a family which had long been Israelite until baptism
became our shield against fire and hell"
Again great importance is
stressed by Wolfram on Grail Lineage and he introduces Perceval's son Lohengrin.
He also names the Grail Bearer as Repanse de Schoye. He describes her thus:
"She was clad in the silk of Arabia, and she bore, resting on a green silk
cloth, the perfection of earthly paradise, both roots and branches. It was a
thing men call the Grail, which surpassed every ideal."
this as the 'stone of youth and rejuvenation' It was called Lapsit Exillis (or
Lapis Elixis) a variant of Lapis Elixir, the alchemical 'Philosophers Stone'. He
described it thus:
"By the power of that stone the Phoenix burns to
ashes, but the ashes speedily restore him to life again. Thus doth the Phoenix
moult and change its plumage, after which he is bright and shining as before."
At the Fisher Kings sacrament of the Eucharist, the Grail Stone records the
names of those called to its service. But it is possible for everyone to read
"Around the end of the stone, an inscription in letters
tells the name and lineage of those, be they maids or boys, who are called to
make the journey to the Grail. No one needs to erase the inscription, for as
soon as it has been read it vanishes."
Wolfram wrote of the King of
Septimania (the area which included Rennes le Chateau) Guilhelm de Gellone and
said that the original Flegetanis manuscript was held by the House of Anjou.
Wolfram located the Grail Castle in the Pyrenees. He also mentioned Edinburgh
(Tenabroc) which of course is very close to the Chapel of Rosslyn.
finish this by mentioning a character that is listed as one of the Grand Masters
of the Priory of Sion.
It was Rene d'Anjou who gave
Christopher Columbus (real name Colon) his first ship's commission, and it is
from Rene that the familiar Cross of Lorraine derives. The cross, with its two
horizontal bars, became the lasting symbol of Free France and was the emblem of
the French Resistance during World War II. Among Rene's most prized possessions
was a magnificent Egyptian cup of red crystal, which he obtained in Marseilles.
It was said to have been used at the wedding of Jesus and Mary Magdalene,
bearing the later inscription (translated):
"He who drinks well will see
God. He who quaffs at single draught will see God and the Magdalene."
So when Dan Brown says that Sangreal should be split as Sang Real -
Blood Royal, is it true?
Here is the Book of thy Descent,
the Book of the Sangreal,
Here begin the terrors,
Here begin the miracles.
Descent in this case could of course simply mean to go
down from the heavens.
In 1906 the French author we’ve already mentioned Josephin
Péladan wrote a best selling book called Le Secret des Troubadours de
Parsifal à Don Quichotte and this inspired many treasure hunters. These
treasure hunts centred on Ussat-les-Bains where Otto Rahn later set up his
headquarters in 1931; indeed it was Péladan’s book that had first inspired Rahn
to come to the Languedoc.
It was in fact Péladan who had made the first link that Montségur was the Castle of Monsalvat, the holy mountain of Parzival
and Lohengrin. However it was from a man named Antonin Gadal, who wrote
‘Heritage of the Cathars’, that Péladan and Rahn took most their
Gadal was born in 1877 in the heart of what is
known as the Sabarthez, an area of caves through which the Ariège
flows. The area around Ussat was known as Tarusks country and has been inhabited
by a Celtic tribe called the Sotiates which later joined with the Iberians.
Later the Visigoths occupied the area where the Cathars eventually lived. Near
to Gadal’s house lived a man that the locals called “le Patriarche du Sabarthez”
a historian named Adolphe Garrigou (1802-1897). In around 1840 he produced his
studies on the country of Foix and the Couserans. Garrigou was convinced that
the tales of Napoléon Peyrat, a writer nicknamed ‘Michelet de Midi’, were
founded upon the truth. Peyrat was a Protestant Pastor and he produced the
History of the Albigenses. Up until then all of the history of the Cathars had
been written by their enemies, the Catholic clergy, monks and inquisitors and
vassals of the French crown. The truth is that the practices of these
Christians, the Cathars, were founded upon love, the rebirth of the soul and
sanctification of the spirit. Gadal realised that it was the Catholic Church who
had done everything to prevent these facts coming out.
Gadal speaks of the Grail (which he calls Graal
and never Holy Grail) thus:
“Kyot, the famous
master, discovered in Toledo the first source of this tale. It is a
pagan, Flegetanis, renowned for his science, a physician descendant of Solomon,
who first spoke about it. He noticed with his own eyes in the constellations
mysterious signs about which he talked only fear. He asserted the existence of a
wonder whose name, Graal, appeared to him clearly in the sky. A legion of angels
deposited it on earth, and then went back high up above the heaven. In the hands
of a sinner, it would disappear; so from then on, only a pure race could be its
guardian; it only accepts in its presence those who are ennobled to it”
Gadal began to trace back historically the
manifestation of the Grail. It is referred to as the treasure of Solomon; taken
away by the Romans from Jerusalem
to Rome, then
from Rome to Carcassonne, by Alaric
King of the Visigoths. Part of this treasure was transported to Ravenna by Théodoric and
part was taken to Byzantium.
The treasure then fell into the hands of the Moors who conquered the Visigoths
But the Table of Solomon was not included in
Old Spanish love songs say that the "Emerald
Table", The Table of Solomon which they named "ECRIN", was preserved in the
"magic cave of Hercules".
It is in this cave that Rodéric, king of Goths, discovered the "ECRIN", hiding
place, and in the ECRIN, three markings. When the Moors crossed the Pyrénées in
718CE they describe as a jewel case that contained three cups.
Many believe this ‘magical cave of Hercules’ to be the cave of the
Lombrives, the Albigensian cathedral. This is the cave Tyrian Hercules left the
legend of Pyrene who gave her name to the Pyrénées. It is in this cave that the
Cathar Bishop, Amiel Aicart, received the order to watch over the sacred
treasure of the Cathars, after the surrender of Montségur.
the Tarusks country contains a ruined castle called Montreal de Sos; this castle
was for some reason taken apart by Cardinal Richelieu who acted as regent for
the 9 year old King Louis XIII and was a contemporary of Nicolas Poussin, the
castle ruins contain a double exit cave. In this cave is a fresco shown here on
the left. The fresco features articles from the scene depicted in Parsifal. The
inner wall we can see a lance, 13 red crosses, a broken sword all set at an
angle, a depiction of a tray decorated with perhaps joints of meat (the grail is
described by one author as a dish carrying meat). In the centre is a shining
Sun. Gadal remarked when he saw this:
unique drawing in this world: in a glance and at once the whole book of Parsifal
is paraded before you”.
It does seem that the story of Wolfram von Eschenbach’s
Parsifal is a description of a Cathar initiation ceremony which took place in
this castle of Montreal de Sos.
In Eschenbach’s romance Parsifal is lead to the
Fontane-la-Salvatge (Very likely the curious waterfall emerging from a cave at
Fontestorbes (situated between Montségur and Puivert) where he meets a Cathar
Perfect Trevrizent who tells him:
the passion for experiences has shown you the way to gain the price of love?
Thus attach yourself to the perfect love that we are celebrating today.”
After taking Parsifal to a second cave, the
hermit said to him:
wish to possess the Grail? I pity your inexperience. Indeed, none can pretend to
it unless he is predestined by heaven, who knows him well. If I must speak thus
about the grail, it is because I have seen it. I know it well. It is defended,
in Munsalvaesche, by numerous knights: they are the Knights Templars who are a
formidable troop. A stone feeds them, the nature of which is incorruptible and
which is named: “Lapis ex caelis”, stone from heaven. That stone is also called:
Then the hermit recalls the origin of the
ambitious and arrogant, full of immoderate desires, was cast out of heaven, when
falling from heaven, he chipped the corner of a star: which fragments rolled
within space and were stopped by the earth. Stone from heaven, pure and perfect
stone since it fell from heaven; it was the Lapis ex Caelis of the Grail. The
Angels, though rightful and good, who refrained from fighting with Lucifer
against the Trinity, were sent on the earth, for the keeping of the stone, whose
purity is unapproachable. God took them back from below. Ever since, its keeping
has been given to those God has chosen.”
Montreal de Sos is mentioned in historical
texts for the first time in the 13th century and the fortress was
then dependant on the Counts of Foix. It is clear that this castle existed long
before this. It is a much larger castle than Montségur though it is in a more
ruinous state and comprises of a keep and outer buildings. There did appear to
be a village comprising of wooden buildings associated with this building. It is
certain that much of the castle building material was used to build the nearby
of Olbier. The castle was
never attacked or besieged however it was deliberately destroyed by the Pierre
II, King of Aragon in the 14th century.
March 16th 1244 220 Cathars were burned en-masse in a bonfire at the
foot of the mountain of Montségur , incredibly some 25 had taken the Cathar
Consolamentum Perfecti immediately prior to their surrender condemning
themselves to certain death. They were given some time by the besiegers and
marched down themselves from the mountain and into the fire. Something must have
impressed them to give up their lives so readily. It just so happens that a
special event was occurring in the heavens immediately prior to their sacrifice.
Later the Order of the Solar Temple (OTS) would execute a mass suicide on November 16th 1995 when a similar astronomical
Left shows a simulation of the sky towards the east at
sunrise on the day the 200+ Parfaits voluntarily came down from Montségur and
into fires lit for them at the base of the mountain.
It shows the planet Venus at almost maximum
intensity rising due east with the Sun at a time very close to the spring
Equinox. Mercury, the messenger, also at a visible intensity, has already risen.
Is this rare astronomical event the reason why they asked
for a truce from their besiegers until this particular date?
That Venus and the Sun should be in conjunction equally
spaced either side of the ‘The First Point of Aries’ is an event that only
happens once in several thousand years.
So let us look at the legend of Repanse de
Schoye who was the bearer of the Grail in Wolfram von Eschenbach’s Parzival.
There begins a procession where the maiden (Venus) bore the stone, the shining
light (Sun) in the Grail cup (sunrise). So let us look at the legend of Repanse
de Schoye who was the bearer of the Grail in Wolfram von Eschenbach’s Parzival.
Parallel this with the following story.
On the evening of the fall of Montségur the
young woman Esclarmonde (meaning: light of the world) took the Grail that had
been guarded by these ‘Parfaits’ when Montségur had been in danger from the
armies of Lucifer that besieged it. They wanted this Graal (it was never the
Holy Grail to the Cathars) to restore it to their Prince’s diadem from which it
had fallen during the fall of angels”. This is what the old Ariegois Caussou had
told Rahn, he also said:
“Then at the most critical moment, there came a white dove from
heaven which with its beak split Tabor [St Bartholomew and Soularac] in two” and
“Esclarmonde who was the keeper of the Grail (Repanse
she threw the “sacred jewel” into the depths of the mountain.”
She then climbed to the top of Montségur then Esclarmonde
transformed herself into a white dove and flew off towards the “Mountains of
Asia”, where, according to Caussou, she still resides in the East in the
In 1244 the castle of Montségur was destroyed
completely by a trebuchet launching 80 kilogram (176lb) missiles during a siege
that lasted for approximately two weeks; afterwards there remained no trace of
the Cathar fortress that had been built three centuries earlier.