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IT IS ALL SOLAR

MEGALITH STUDYCeltic Cross Mystery

DisclTHE FORUMaimer

DAVID TENIERS

and Antoine l'ermite

FEAST DAY 17th JANUARY

Dossiers Secret

The third document of the Dossiers Secret deposited in the Bibliothèque nationale de France in May 1966

It consists of a facsimile from a book by Robert Charroux

The pseudonym used is Antoine l'ermite

 

"Robert Charroux developed an active interest in the alleged treasure of Rennes-le-Château, following up claims made by Noel Corbu in the local press in 1956 that it was discovered by Bérenger Saunière during the late 19th century. In 1958, with his wife Yvette and other members of The Treasure Seekers' Club (that he founded in 1951), he scanned the village and its church for treasure using a metal detector. Charroux also distributed a leaflet about this entitled L’ébouriffante histoire du "curé aux milliards" that has not survived, but is referred to in French newspapers of the period. He described his activities there in his 1962 book Trésors du Monde enterrées, emmurés, engloutis (Fayard) that was published in English in 1967".

Wikipedia

Robert Charroux elaborated the story of Abbé Saunière’s treasure from the basis of parchments (wooden scrolls, filled with ferns), the inscription on a gravestone, and the legend of the treasure of Saint Louis. Previously, during the filming of a documentary for O.R.T.F. (French Radio and Television Organisation), he had carried out some excavations in the cemetery, but in vain…

Texte de Robert Charroux "Trésor de l'abbé Saunière"

The deciphered text yields

BERGERE PAS DE TENTATION QUE POUSSIN TENIERS GARDENT LA CLEF PAX DCLXXXI PAR LA CROIX ET CE CHEVAL DE DIEU JACHEVE CE DAEMON DE GARDIEN A MIDI POMMES BLEUES

So we are looking for a painting by Teniers where someone is NOT being tempted

Teniers (elder and younger) painted many paintings of St Anthony the Hermit

St Anthony is defined thus:
He may support himself on a T-shaped crutch; the tau cross (derived from an ancient Egyptian symbol) was an emblem of Alexandrian Christians, and may also be depicted on the shoulder of Saint Anthony’s cloak. Saint Anthony visiting Saint *Paul the Hermit, encountering a centaur and satyr on the way, and the two old hermits being brought their daily bread by a raven are also narratives found in medieval art, deriving from the  Golden Legend . The Order of Hospitallers of Saint Anthony was founded c.1100 to care for pilgrims, the sick, and especially those suffering from ergotism ; hence flames and fire are also attributes of Saint Anthony.

He died on the 17th January

 

We do not know which Teniers the phrase refers to

There are two paintings by David Teniers where St Anthony is NOT being Tempted.

 

One is a depiction of St Anthony and St Paul fed by Ravens - by David Teniers (the younger)

Outside a cave NOT being tempted

Once owned by Herman Gœring.

However the following painting by Teniers is the more likely candidate

One of the reasons for choosing this is because this painting is also at Shugborough Hall where you'll also find the Shepherd Monument

St Anthony and St Paul fed by Ravens by David Teniers (the younger)

The reason this is chosen is the quite obvious inclusion of geometry i.e. The staffs and the eye line of St Anthony (left) across the Third Eye of St Paul through the tilted cross to a bird in the sky; and the presence of sheep and Shepherds

THUS

 Image

AND

Since the theme is SION then

we have

Image

Notre Dame de Valère in

SION Switzerland

Look at the similarities to the castle on the right of the Teniers painting.

The Roman Catholic diocese of Sion is the oldest in Switzerland and one of the oldest north of the Alps. The library of Sion is known above all for its 120 Medieval codices, dating from the mid-9th century to the late 15th century, some richly illuminated, published by Josef Leisibach and Albert Jörger.

The Dossiers Secrets gives us the link that monks from Calabria started the monastery at Orval in 1091 and then went to Notre Dame du Mont Sion in Jerusalem under the auspices of King Baudouin. We know that the part of the Ardennes where the monastery was first built was in fact part of Godfroi de Bouillon’s domain and according to Gérard de Sede this party of Monks was led by an individual called Ursus. There are those who believe that this name to be a corruption of the word Urséolus and say it from this person that the Russéolus took their name and from whom the district of Roussillon and the ancient city of Ruscino took its name. This is a typical tenuous link readily found by those looking for an instant-coffee-time answer. Girard de Roussilon (Duke of Burgundy) has been attributed the honour of installing the relics of Marie Madeleine in Vézelay in Burgundy, presumably her body had been taken from the Grotte de Saint Maximin le Sainte Baume [i1] in Provence. In the 13th century a descendant of Girard dies in the crusades and bequeaths Châteauneuf to his widow Beatrix who lives her life in prayer and one night sees a cross of light surrounded by stars, in a similar manor to Constantine’s vision for his Sol Invictus.  It is perhaps worth noting here that Saunière appears to have also journeyed to Châteauneuf from Lyon having hired a vehicle there. Roussillon takes its name from a more obvious source because Roux and Sillon literally means ‘Rusty Red Furrow’ in French and is a fault line filled with Iron Ore that runs roughly North/South down the eastern part of the district. 

With regard to this mysterious Ursus, there is a Saint Ursus which the French call Saint Ours who was called Sant Orso in Aosta, Italy where he founded a collegiate church there in the 6th Century. Although Aosta is a long way from Calabria there are some interesting coincidences worth noting here. Aosta, in northern Italy is close to both the French and Swiss borders and is about a days horse ride through the Grand St Bernard pass (named after St Bernard of Montjoux) from Sion in Switzerland. Aosta became part of the Kingdom of Burgundy in the 10th century and later became part of the House of Savoy after 1032. The royal mint of the Merovingians was in Sion Switzerland and some of these superb coins from there were in fact found in Britain inside the Sutton Hoo treasure ship.  

The St Bernard Pass was a featured itinerary of the Grand Tour that flourished from 1660 onwards particularly amongst the British upper class and featured a viewing of cultural artifacts of antiquity. The Grand Tour was a rite of passage for the wealthy and could last for several months or indeed several years, the leader of such a Grand Tour was called a Bear Leader. It became less popular when the railways opened up travel opportunities for almost everyone. Sir Francis Dashwood, later to be a Chancellor of the Exchequer for the British Government went on a Grand Tour in 1726 at the age of 16, and it was he who founded the infamous Hellfire Club in 1746.

Saint Gratus of Aosta (San Grato di Aosta) is the patron saint of Aosta. St Gratus signed the acts of the synod of Milan in 451 AD as a priest. Gratus represented the bishop of Aosta, Eustasius, at this council, signing the letter that the assembly sent to Pope Leo I the Great in order to affirm its condemnation of the heresy of Eutyches, who declared that Christ was "a fusion of human and divine elements". This after the Archbishop of Constantinople Nestorius asserted that the Virgin Mary should no longer be referred to as the ‘Mother of God’ (Theotokos), for according to Nestorius Jesus had been born a mere man and became imbued later with a divine nature, Eutyches had vehemently opposed this.  However, both Eutyches and Nestorius found themselves denounced as heretics at the Council of Chalcedon in 451AD. Both Gratus and Eustasius were of Greek origin, they received their education, and ecclesiastical formation from the type of monastic foundation in Italy established by Eusebius of Vercelli and this was modeled on that of the Eastern cenobites and therefore they did not live as hermits as the Calabrian monks may have done. Gratus became bishop of Aosta sometime after 451, and presided over the translation of various relics in the city around 470AD, including those of Saint Innocent, one of the martyrs of the Theban Legion. The bishops of Agaunum and Sion were present at this translation.

Pope Liberius sent Eusebius of Vercelli accompanied by the curiously named Bishop Lucifer of Cagliari to the Emperor Constantius II at Arles in Gaul over the infamous schism between the theologian Arius and the Trinity Christians. This forced the Pope to invoke a council to discuss the Arians rejection of the dictates of the Council of Nicea, clearly as late as the 6th century Christians were still debating the true nature of Jesus.   

In 1285, the Magna Legenda Sancti Grati, a fictitious and anachronistic account of Gratus’ life to celebrate the translation of the saint's relics, was composed by Jacques de Cours, then canon of Aosta cathedral.

In this account, it was alleged that St Gratus had been born into a noble Spartan family and he had studied at Athens where he became a monk. In order to escape the persecutions in the East, he fled to Rome, where he was well received and was sent as an emissary to the court of Charlemagne. Gratus had experienced a vision at the Pantheon, which had sent him to Aosta where he converted many pagans and Charlemagne aided him in this mission. The legend continues that seemingly by divine command, this vision sent him to the Holy Land to find the head of John the Baptist. Saint Jucundus (Giocondo) accompanied him and Gratus allegedly found the relic concealed in the palace of Herod. Smuggling it out of Jerusalem, Gratus returned to Rome, where the story says that the church bells played on their own accord in celebration. Gratus presented John's head to the Pope; but in doing so, the jawbone remained in Gratus' hand. The Holy See interpreted this as a sign, and the Pope allowed him to carry that precious relic back to Aosta. This suggests that the head of St John the Baptist may be found around the town of Aosta. Gratus continued to govern the diocese, while periodically withdrawing to a hermitage with Jucundus. Caesar Baronius, who drafted a new edition to the Roman Martyrology (1586), doubted the veracity of Gratus’ tale and in the twentieth century, the historian Aimé Pierre Frutaz demonstrated without a doubt that the Magna Legenda Sancti Grati was an invented tale. However, the tale still seems to have spurred a Gratus cult into the areas of Piedmont, Lombardy, Switzerland and Savoy and these are other areas of our interest in this story.

In the town of Aosta is the Arch of Augusta erected in 35 BC to celebrate the victory of the Roman troops led by Consul Varro Murene over the local Celtic tribe called the Salassi, who had frequented this strategic passage through the Alps since 3000BCE. Here we have a surprising and unexpected coincidence for there are few streets in the village of Rennes le Chateau but one street goes by the name of Rue de la Salasse and Aosta is about a one and half days ride from Annemasse where the Priory of Sion was started by Pierre Plantard and André Bonhomme.

Saint Gratus of Aosta is usually depicted in art with a bunch of Grapes and the head of John the Baptist and is the patron saint of the Benedictines. His feast day is September 6th.

The Dossiers Secret says that the leader of the Calabrian monks was Ursus and this is the Latin for Bear but specifically the male bear, OURS is French for bear and ORSO is Italian for Bear. The female bear is Ursa and so therefore the constellations of Ursa Major and Ursa Minor is specifically female, Ursus being male. There is a school of thought that places this particular St Ursus of Aosta to be of Irish or Celtic origin. There is a legend that between the years 473 and 500 the body of St Victor was brought to Geneva by the Queen of Burgundy Theudesinde where she built a church in his name over the grave of Saint Ursus. In 1519 an old coffin in the form of a Roman urn was found and contained relics and it bears the inscription.

 

Conditus hoc Sanctus

Tumulo Thebaidus Ursus

 

Here is the Holy Tomb of the Theban Ursus

 

It is said that he was the member of the Theban legion who were martyred for refusing to worship idols, he is known throughout Switzerland and since the 12th century the baptismal name of Ursus is very common. There is a cathedral in the town of Solothurn dedicated to St Ursus. Solothurn is to the northeast of Lake Neufchatel renown for its early Celtic associations.

 

Upon their arrival at Orval, a journey that if made by land would have taken them through the Grande St Bernard pass via Aosta, these mysterious Calabrian monks received patronage of Mathilde de Toscan duchess of Lorraine. She was Godfroi de Bouillon’s aunt and was effectively his foster mother. According to the Dossier Secrets it was through Mathilde that these monks received the tract of land that became Orval. This land is close to Stenay where the French king Dagobert II had been assassinated earlier in the 7th century and excavations have revealed Merovingian graves at Orval. This Saint Dagobert, who like The Magdalene and Sarah is for some reason inexplicably sainted is of course mentioned in the parchment one and Dagobert II was the last from the Eastern Merovingian bloodline of Kings. These monks from Calabria did not remain in Orval long and everyone agrees that they simply disappeared from history. The Prieure documents go on to say that these monks were given all that special status by the eventual Defender of the Faith of Jerusalem Godfroi de Bouillon but curiously were never given the privilege of a conventional recorded history. It seems that their dedication was not worth recording for posterity at the actual time of their occupation of Orval and that their founding of what became one of the most successful abbeys in the world is not even worthy of being commented upon by their successors or conventional history. Or has it merely been scrubbed from recorded history; what stands out from recorded history here is a lack of hardly any information about the initial founding of this Abbey, an omission that stares one in the face.

 

It has been said that where truth is suppressed there legend is formed and we are finding ourselves forced through having no hard evidence at all as to what happened to these monks into conjecture as to their activities after they left Orval. To simply abandon the journey here will guarantee us no further discovery and a kind of lapse into recycled and useless solution that has led us nowhere. The sensible action is to go on with these documents to see where they will lead us with the proviso that they may not be a genuine historical facts but merely someone’s own personal understanding of historical facts that are uncorroborated unless there are other documents held in secret. If we do go on from the information in these Dossiers we must try to link our journey to known points of reference at every opportunity and to pick out the truth from the legend or indeed any deliberate falsehoods that may exist. This is, however acceptable in science, it is after all precisely the path that the science of the study of evolution has followed and is still following as it too has little contemporary evidence for comparison but still carries on with its hypothesis purely on the basis that the hypothesis sort of fits. Of course the theory that it is all done by angels also fits if one inserts a similar large number of ‘must-have-dones’ into the theory. However we do have something in our favour for a group supposedly as influential as this Order of Sion would, whilst not themselves being in direct evidence due to their secrecy, have affected things around them in a quite distinctive way. We are at a Black Hole analogy here, something that by its very nature cannot be directly seen but will influence everything around it whose behaviour can be seen.

 

We can start to try to link the disappearance of this group with a sudden appearance of a group that is connected with the successes of the crusades and has links to Godfroi de Bouillon’s exploits in the Holy Land. But probably more importantly we can take this ‘Sion’ that is said to control Western religion and Politics including the Crusade against the forces of Islam and other perceived heresies and link it to the history of the Languedoc area. This will include the great heresy that was pursued there later by the Catholic Church with their crusade against a heretical group known as the Albigensian Crusade. For surely this influential Order, should it have existed, will have been involved in this in some way.

 

So did anyone appear on the Temple of Notre Dame du Mont Sion at precisely the time this Order of Monks disappeared from Orval? The answer is yes.

 

This apparent leader whose name was Ursus has been open to all kinds of interpretation. One is immediately drawn, as already mentioned, to the reference to the Latin name for Bear - Ursa. But similarly we are drawn back to the logo on the list of Prieure de Sion Grand Masters. The word OURS appears inside a symbol for Virgo at the top of this list and ‘Ours’ is French for Bear. The first connection here then is the connection of the constellations of Ursa Major and Minor to the constellation of Virgo in a single logo. Could these monks at Orval, having originated from the land of the mysterious Pythagorean schools, have been involved in the observation, tabulation and mapping of the movement of the Stars and Planets? Again speculation says that this may have been the case for a document that exists at the University of Ghent and written by Lambert de St Omer, who describes in his manuscript Liber floridus ("book of flowers") which is an encyclopedia of Biblical, chronological, astronomical, geographical, theological, philosophical and natural history subjects. It is described by scholars as an extract or synopsis from different authors, and was begun in 1090 and finished in 1120. We do not know from where Lambert de St Omer got his information and there is speculation that it came from documents found by the Knights Templar during their occupation of Temple Mount.

 

Tradition has it that these Calabrian monks left the Ardennes to set up a Temple of ‘Our Lady of Mount Zion’; this is a curious title, who is ‘our’ Lady of Mount Zion?

Footnote about St Bernard's Pass

The Petit Saint Bernard stone circle probably
 dates back to second or third millennium BC. It was re-discovered last century. Its large diameter (72 m - 236ft) makes it one of the most important stone rings in mainland Europe. It is located 2190 metres above sea level, exactly (and probably deliberately) on the watershed of the Petit Saint Bernard mountain pass between Italy and France. Indeed, the circle straddles the border between the two countries.

Forty-six low stones remain, but originally there were probably more, as the site is now crossed by a road which almost certainly destroyed several others. According to some ancient sources, a dolmen once stood in its centre. A group of three large stones is aligned to the point where the sun sets at the summer solstice, but some of these stones may have been moved, or even replaced, over the centuries, so it is very difficult to prove that this alignment was important to the original builders.
A porphyry stone pillar, known locally as Columna Jovis (Jupiter's Column), could also have been part of the circle. This column now acts as the pedestal for a statue of San Bernardo, and stands near the stone ring. Ancient books say that in Roman times there was a big ruby called 'Jupiter's eye' or 'Escarboucle' on top of the pillar.
Petronius (a 1st century AD Roman satirist) appears to mention the stone circle in one of his books: In the Alps near the sky, where the rocks are getting lower and let you cross them, there is a holy place where the altars of Hercules rise. Winter covers it with a persistent snow and it raises its white head to the stars.

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David Teniers and Archduke Leopold von Hapsburg


The coincidences with Sion Switzerland are further enhanced when we study the life of Archduke Leopold Wilhelm von Hapsburg. He was the brother of the Austrian Emperor when he first employed Teniers to look after his art collection and was in every way your typical ‘renaissance man’. Schooled in theology he gained his bishoprics at Strasburg and Passau by the age of eleven. Family tradition saw him assume, in 1642 the title of Grand Master of the Teutonic knights having took up a military career which saw him fighting in Bohemia in 1640. However the most interesting aspect of the Archduke was his interest in astrology and in particular his appointment of the monk and leading astrologer Placido Titi.

Placido was an accomplished mathematician as well as an astronomer in the Ptolemy tradition. In 1657 Placido wrote Tabulae Primi Mobilis Quas Directionem Vulgo Dicunt and this is the same year that Poussin painted the second Annunciation dedicated to Pope Alexander VII and one year after his enigmatic meeting the Abbé Fouquet where they talked of many things that kings will be at pains to draw from them. It is very likely that it is a painting of Placido Titi that is outside the Grotto of Saint Mary Magdalene at Plan D’Aups close to the Massif de la Sainte Baume. Placido is from an ascetic branch of the Benedictine Order called the Olivetans, who were a reformist brotherhood and they had obviously approved of Placido’s work in astrology when they published his Physiomathematica in 1650. Placido’s (Placidus) publications were later popularised by the Catholic Church as an argument for Ptolemy’s geocentric Solar System in the campaign against the now proven heliocentric theory of Copernicus which had been rejected by Pope Alexander VII.

The coincidences continue with Archduke Leopold von Hapsburg for it was he that had previously excavated the grave in 1653 of the Merovingian King Childeric I who was the son of Meroveus, from whom the whole dynasty is named. In this grave at Saint Brice was found no less than 300 miniature gold bees, a bull’s head made of gold, a crystal ball and a severed horses head. It was these same golden bees that were famously sown onto Napoleon Bonaparte’s coronation robe. Bees were considered to be the tears of Ra in ancient Egypt. Amongst the find there had also been a statue of Isis.

 

Childerics golden bees 



The Abbey of Sion is fifty miles from Aosta on the other side of the Apennine Alps that has the evocative Arthurian name of Avalon where St Germain, the founder of St Germain des Pres in Paris, received his training. It is perhaps worth noting here too that two principle Saints associated with one of England’s most notable cathedrals at Lincoln, St Anselm who was Archbishop of Canterbury from 1093 to 1109 and Saint Hugh who was the Prior of Witham in 1179, both came from Aosta and Avalon respectively.

The Gran San Bernardo (named after St Bernard of Montjoux) Alpine pass has all around it a distribution of the tribes from Roman times from the first century. It is the most important pass through the Alps from Italy to France and Switzerland. To the North West is Lake Leman which has at its eastern end the city of Geneva. Right in the middle of the pass between the white coloured sections is the Roman Temple of Jupiter at Summus Poeninus built in 70CE. This connected Rome with its western empire via Gaul, the pass itself is at 2464 metres (8084ft). The Priory of Sion was formed in St Julien de Annemasse which is a district of Geneva on the banks of Lake Geneva. At Augusta Praetoria is now the town of Aosta, which is known as the most Roman town after Rome. Due north of this where the SEDVNI Celtic tribe once lived is were we find Sion, built on the ancient town of Sedunum and the twin peaks with the Chateau de Valère and the Chateau de Tourbillion. Further down the Valle d’Aosta is the town of St Vincent but if we go further south we come to the district of Piedmont and the awesome Abbey of Sagra di San Michele just inside Italy’s border with France close to a town called Arcangel.

As mentioned earlier the town of Aosta was called Augusta Praetoria Salassorum and was founded by Augustus about 24BCE after defeating the Celtic tribe the Salassi and remains of a triumphal Arch erected in commemoration of the victory still survives. The Salassi are a tribe that lived close to the area known as La Teine where the earliest examples of Celtic artefacts survive. The French Provenςal language (franco-provenςal, arpitan, and patois) is thought to have come from this area being a Gallo-Roman language and form a separate group from Langue d’Oil and Langue d’Oc, the largest number of Franco-Provenςal speakers live in the Aosta Valley Autonomous Region of Italy and it is an endangered language. There was a forced Italianisation of the area by Mussolini during World War II and many Italian speaking workers coupled with a mass exodus of French speaking workers made the area into an Italian state. However the area regained its autonomy in 1948.

In his book L’Or de Rennes, Gerard de Sede mentioned the death of a man named Fakhar Ul Islam. Fakhar Ul Islam was on his way on a train from Paris to Geneva he was found at the side of track close to the railway station of Melun and had clearly fallen (or been pushed) from the train. Despite being well dressed he carried no baggage whatsoever. Who travels across Europe with no luggage?

Jean Luc Chaumeil insists that Fakhar Ul Islam was a drug trafficker without offering any proof or evidence for his claim or offering any explanation why he would know that when the French police don’t seem to be aware of this.

Jean Luc Chaumeil is a self promoting "expert" on the Solar Temple cult. It is believed by many that Jean Luc Chaumeil works as a disinformation agent for the security services.

Archduke Leopold had excavated the tomb of Childeric I and found the 300 bees.

In the 1980s, an anonymous source claimed that in 1952, Plantard “illicitly carried out transfers of gold ingots from France to Switzerland”, specifying it was the Union des Banques Suisses, and that the amount was for more than 100 million francs, and that he had to appear in front of a criminal court for fraud. Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln confronted Plantard with this allegation and he admitted the transfers, but said that it had not been against the law at the time – which was true. He stated that though he went to jail, it was for another offence. This statement is confirmed in a letter from the Saint-Julien sub-prefecture, involving the Annemasse mayor, dated June 8, 1956 and thus related to the foundation of the Priory. The letter states that in December 1953, Plantard was sentenced for six months in jail for “abus de confiance” – abuse of trust, which is normally understood to be embezzlement. French privacy laws prevent outsiders from receiving further information as to who the victim was, etc. It seems obvious that in the early 1950s, Plantard was working – or “adding to his income” – by performing financial transfers. That he was involved with financial transfers between France and Switzerland can be inferred from the fact that he lived first in Switzerland and then settled just across the borde
r, the 1980 rumour and confirmation of gold transfers and his 1953 conviction for what seems to be related to money matters.

In 589 the bishop of Sion was St. Heliodorus, he was an astrologer.The Jesuits were banned in Switzerland from 1848 until 1973.

The Celtic Helvetii occupied Switzerland before the Romans. they worshipped the Bear Goddess. Gerard de Sede speaks about the mysterious Ursus in his book, there was a Saint Ursus in Aosta which the French call Saint Ours who was called Sant Orso in Aosta, Italy where he founded a collegiate church there in the 6th Century. Ursa, Ours and Orso is the name for Bear in Latin, French and Italian respectively. As in Great Bear - Ursa Major.The Bear Goddess is Callisto

Image

 

Another reason this is the correct painting is that a copy can be found at Shugborough Hall, however here it is given the curious name of

 

Elias and Elijah fed by Ravens.

 

This name comes from the Courtauld Institute

 

St Anthony the Hermit and St Paul the Hermit who were fed Bread and Salt by ravens which he never tasted before sunset. When one associates the timer in the Teniers painting is the time of sunset being indicated here? St Anthony the Hermit died on that enigmatic date 17th January on Mount Kolzim  (Colzim) 356CE. St Anthony the Hermit was of course the founder of Monasticism. St Anthony and St Paul being fed by ravens is depicted in two paintings by David Teniers the younger. But in its basic form Panis A Ώ Sal is Latin – Bread and the Latin - Sal: something that gives life, bracketing the Greek for Beginning and End Alpha and Omega respectively. The phrase Panis A Ώ Sal is also encrypted into the large Shepherdess Parchment

The inclusion of Bread and Salt taken in context of the Catholic Church is very likely a reference to the controversial issue of Transubstantiation concerning the correct interpretation of the words of Jesus during the Last Supper. An issue that although seemingly trivial to us in the 21st century has directly resulted in people being executed, sometimes for belief and sometimes for non-belief. The issue is whether the body and blood of Jesus being the bread and wine is meant literally or not. To the Catholics, Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox (which amounts in total to two thirds of Christianity) it is, Jesus’ body that is literally transformed into its basic elements which are also in wine and in bread which then become his body, (we are what we eat so to speak). However to the Protestant Christians it isn’t and that Jesus only spoke figuratively.

The doctrine of transubstantiation, first formally declared at the Fourth Lateran Council in 1215, looks suspiciously like a way of contradicting Cathar teaching on the impossibility of combining earthly and spiritual elements.  Again, the sacrament of extreme unction appears to have evolved by way of competing with the deathbed Consolamentum.  Marian devotion was developed by St Dominic as a way of countering the role accorded to women by the troubadours and perhaps to a lesser extent by the Cathars.

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According to the French IGN 17th January (the feast day of St Anthony the Hermit) marks the passage of the Sun into the Constellation of Aquarius because it overflows the ecliptic with Capricorn.

Et in Arcadia Ego

Et in Arcadia Ego by Nicolas Poussin

at Chatsworth House

Aquarius is pouring water.

This painting is at Chatsworth House and it is known that Elizabeth Yorke the wife of the famous navigator Lord Anson of Shugborough Hall travelled regularly to trace this painting. She also spent some time in France around Lyon and has also been painted dressed as a Shepherdess.

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BLUE APPLES

 

is a Cathar Term and came from their paper making industry and is a form of watermark.

 

The Mill at Les Pontils was used in the paper making industry.