Rose Croix Veritas

Les Bergere d'Arcadie John the Baptist SamHain Line


It is important to realise before we go into this page that if it wasn't for Philippe de Cherisey or the Shepherdess parchment we would not be discussing Nicolas Poussin.

Les Bergers d'Arcadie 


Looking back down David Wood's 'SUNRISE[sic] LINE'

The view from Arques showing the same landscape depicted on the right hand side of Poussin's painting above.

Looking over Rennes le Chateau towards The Grail Lake.

Click here to see Tomb at Les Pontils


Why does a painter of the quality of Poussin paint the foreground in first?

 An X-ray of the painting Les Bergers d'Arcadie

Notice that the tomb is painted over the staff which means that Poussin painted the staff first. Why would Poussin break a rule and paint foreground first?

The length of the staffs are clearly important.

In the late 1620s, Nicholas Poussin produced a number of sketches of the Annunciation, culminating in a painting that still survives at Chantilly. Internal evidence suggests a 15th-century influence, and the relative positions of the figures in the painting are reminiscent of the painting of the Annunciation in the Aix panel (See note below). Much more interesting is the second version of Poussin's Annunciation theme, painted in 1657. The iconography is very unusual. Mary sits cross-legged like an eastern woman, her arms open wide, while the angel makes hieratic gestures rare in 17th-century Annunciations, but more common in the 15th. J. Costello (quoted by Friedlaender5) is of the opinion that this painting was a design for a funeral monument to Poussin's friend and mentor Cassianio del Pozzo, an antiquarian scholar of distinction. This is a decidedly odd theme for a funeral monument, but Friedlaender offers some observations which are enlightening. Pozzo was to be buried in the Church of Santa Maria Sopra Minerva, which stood on the site of an ancient sanctuary of the goddess Isis in the Vatican City, and Friedlaender suggests that Poussin's painting combines the characteristics of three divinities - Mary, Minerva and Isis. He also observes that the posture of the female figure seems to represent the sedes sapientiae - seat of wisdom.

Poussin is known to have been a profound student of ancient myths from original sources. He often referred to Ripa's Iconologia, constantly carried Cartari's Images of the Gods with him, and embodied Neoplatonic doctrines in his paintings. (A fact not lost upon W.B. Yeats, who based the symbology of his own Neoplatonic poem, "News for the Delphic Oracle", upon the artist's Marriage of Thetis and Peleus.) Poussin's paintings contain multiple layers of meaning, often blending Pagan and Christian themes. One of the major sources of his learning was the library of Pozzo.

The Annunciation is the only late painting by Poussin that is signed and dated. It also contains a large inscription to commemorate the fact that it was painted in the reign of the Chigi Pope Alexander VII, an opponent of Cardinal Mazarin advisor to Louis XIV of France. Poussin might have been thought to have taken quite a risk when he mentioned the Pope in such a painting, but it seems that he knew exactly what he was doing. Poussin is alluding to Pope Alexander's stance on Heliocentrism and Hermetic teaching in general.


 The Aix Panel was painted by Barthélemy d'Eyck. He was executed for heresy.

Many of his paintings were commissioned by Rene d'Anjou.

Rene de Anjou has been described as the ninth Grand Master of the Priory of Sion.

Poussin was clearly influenced by this painting.

  Here are Poussin's two paintings of The Annunciation

Archangel Gabriel (associated with one of the Royal Stars) announces to Mary that she would bare Jesus six months after LADY DAY the Annunciation

Lady Day was formerly the beginning of the New Year until 1752.

With the Gregorian shift applied the new Tax year still begins on Lady Day


Two versions of the Annunciation by Nicolas Poussin

See Brittany for a link to this area GRAIL COUNTRY, Fouquet and Nicolas Poussin


Poussin only ever signed one painting and that was his annunciation on the right. he dedicated it to Pope Alexander VII.  Why did Poussin relate this second 1657 painting of the Annunciation to Pope Alexander VII, son of a banker?

Could it be that in his reign as Pope Alexander VII put an end to the Heliocentrism issue.

Pope Alexander VII published his Index Librorum Prohibitorum Alexandri VII Pontificis Maximi jussu editus which he prefaced with the Bull Speculatores Dominus Israel in which he explicitly attached all the previous Heliocentric decrees.

  1. Heliocentrism had become an issue after the

  2. Copernican Revolution

  3. Anthony of Padua

  4. Nicolaus Copernicus studied at Padua

  5. Here is St Anthony of Padua in Saunière's church

  6. Note the four Archangels (Royal Stars) holding St Anthony aloft.

  7. One of them around the back has a bruised thigh - This is Uriel one of the four ROYAL STARS

  8. It was bruised during a fight with Jacob.

  9. Here is Jacob fighting with Uriel. This painting is by Delacroix and is in the church of St Sulpice in Paris.

  10. Jacob wrestles with Archangel in Saint Sulpice   

  11. This Heliocentrism became an issue with the Holy Roman Church in the 16th century by Giordano Bruno

  12. Bruno was burned at the stake for his Hermetic teaching 

Poussin was contemporary with the Hermetic Movement in the late 16th through the 17th century

This may have had something to do with the mysterious letter

 In  April 1656 the Abbé Fouquet wrote to his brother Nicolas Fouquet who was the superintendent of finances at the court of Louis XIV. The passage is well known and its authenticity is not disputed. It says:

“He [Poussin] and I discussed certain things, which I shall with ease be able to explain to you in detail – things which will give you, through Monsieur Poussin, advantages which even kings would have great pains to draw from him, and which, according to him, it is possible that nobody else will ever discover in the centuries to come. And what is more, these are things so difficult to discover that nothing now on earth can prove of better fortune nor be their equal”
  • The year of the letter, 1656, was of course is the year between the two paintings of the Annunciation.



  • Poussin's Les Bergere d'Arcadie (alluded to in the Shepherdess parchment) carries several geometric patterns

  • However this was missed by Professor Cornford.

  • Here is the problem with Prof Cornford's analysis of the painting Les Bergere d'Arcadie (Louvre)


Professor Cornford's analysis of Les Bergere d'Arcadie

This analysis does not include the part of the painting covered by the frame.

Conjecture tells me that Cornford was told to look for a Pentacle in the painting. The ratio of the canvas height to width reveals a Golden Ratio proportion and so lends itself to Cornford's conclusion shown above. The centre of the pentacle emanates from the mind of the Shepherdess. This is not correct.

See here

Here is the actual extent of the painting that Poussin painted with frame removed during cleaning.

Cornford's analysis is void here, the frame no longer has the Golden Ratio proportions.

Here with the frame removed it reveals the true size of the Shepherds of Arcadia painting.

(Notice that the painting is slightly tilted also.)

by using Schellenberger and Andrews analysis and the new size we find that using the shepherd's staffs we now have this.

Poussin triangles

Using the staff lengths as the radii of a containing circle. We find:

The white shepherd's (left, with arm on tomb) staff make a six-pointed hexagram centred on a spot

The blue shepherd's(Centre, kneeling) staff makes a five pointed pentacle centred on the same spot

And the red shepherd's (right, looking around at the Shepherdess) staff makes a three-pointed triangle also centred on this very same spot.

Note the colours red, white and blue refers to the garments worn by the three male shepherds

The Shepherdess is Calisto. She was turned into a bear by Zeus and flung into the sky.

She is Ursa Major - The Great Bear.

The three shepherds represent constellations

  Constellations left to right Ophiuchus - Hercules - Böötes - Ursa Major

The geometric centre of the three polygons reveals the importance of the rock behind.    

An expansion of the centre of the circle marked by the Shepherd's staffs reveals:


Is this Montségur?

Please note that before Cathars took over Montségur it was known as

A Solar Temple

Note that the image on the right here has been enhanced.

The reason this has been done is because the upper part of Poussin's painting has been altered.

We know this because Poussin always went over his paintings with his thumb to remove all brush strokes. However the upper part of the painting in the Louvre has brush strokes.

There are other reasons in the painting to reach the conclusion that Poussin is alluding to Montségur here.

The actual centre shown in the painting is slightly down the mountain face.

Now look at this story:

In Geography Strabo (64 B.C-23 A.D.) tells of a massive 300 tons of gold and silver bullion that was recovered by the Romans from the Celtic temples at Narbonne. This is near the mouth of the Aude river on the French Mediterranean coast. A further eighty kilometres up the Aude is Rennes-le-Chateau. Strabo attributes the bullion as either an accumulation of Celtic sacred offerings, or else the Celts' loot from the Greek treasuries at Delphi, sacked in 278 B.C. The Romans somehow lost the bullion near Narbonne during Caesar's Gallic Wars and it was never recovered.

The gold was taken from a votive lake by a Roman proconsul by the name of Cæpion. He took 80 tons of gold and money and immediately re-melted this into ingots. This apparently disappeared during its transport towards the port of Narbonne following an attack from Volkes Tectosages, a Celtic group from Phrygia, upset by this profanation of their sacred offerings. They would have then withdrawn to the high valley of the Aude and would have hidden the treasure in this area which is easy to police.

In 1830 a man while out walking in the Garrigue found a gold ingot weighing 20 kilos and not long after this in 1860 near to Bezu another man found a gold bar made up of partially smelted Arabic coins and weighing almost 50 kilos. Saunière was investigated by the local Gendarmerie on suspicion of trafficking in gold in Spain and there is also a report from Spanish police on this matter.

The votive lake may well be this one.


Described as Otto Rahn's Grail lake.

It is called Etang des Truites. There is no trout in this lake, trout have been unable to survive in this lake because of volcanic gassing activity.

There is however an endemic species of Golden Salamander.

The word Truites is a corruption of the word Druides.

It is described as Otto Rahn's Grail lake and the lake sits above another lake called Etang du Diable (Devils Pond).

The lakes are on the slopes of Bartholémy and Soularac (Solar Rock) - Initials BS.

They sit on the Archangel's Cross.

Sauniere's four angels

The mountains  Bartholémy and Soularac (Solar Rock) are 5 miles from Montségur and joined by a track known as Trac des Grailles.

Montségur is known locally as Mount Tabor which had been the place of the Transfiguration of Jesus.

The feast of the Transfiguration is the much older Celtic feast of Lughnasagh, named after the Celtic Sun God Lugh.

The city of Lyon was named after this same Sun God, a place to where Saunière journeyed on a regular basis.

It is important to state that the Cathars only occupied Montségur as a result of attacks by the Holy Roman church.

At the fall of Montségur in 1244 they had only been there 40 years.

Prior to that Montségur had been a Solar Temple.

Montsegur solstice

The windows on the north western donjon of Montségur align on the Summer Solstice

Montsegur Bootes

Also note that Montségur is the shape of the constellation of Böötes

Montsegur Bootes

Arctaurus means The Bear Watcher.

Remember the Red Shepherd (Arcas) looking around at the Great Bear - Ursa Major (Calisto) in Poussin's painting.



The feast of the Transfiguration is the much older Celtic feast of Lughnasagh, named after the Celtic Sun God Lugh. The New Testament presents three almost identical accounts of the Transfiguration in three of the synoptic Gospels; Matthew 17:1-9; Mark 9:2-9; and Luke 9:28-36, significantly it does not feature in the Book of John. To reiterate the story these Gospels tell us that Jesus went up onto a mountain (Mount Tabor), with the disciples Peter, John and James, and in their presence Jesus was transfigured shining like the Sun and then there appears Moses and Elias (Elijah).

It is interesting to note here that the painting by David Teniers which we have been calling St Anthony and St Paul fed by Ravens is listed in the Witt Library catalogue at the Courtauld Institute as Elijah and Elisha being fed by Ravens. This is odd as the painting clearly has a crucifix on the rock at the centre yet those are prophets from the Old Testament and equally odd is the fact that Elisha was never fed by ravens although Elijah was fed bread and flesh after God had sent him into the desert. In the New Testament, both Jesus and John the Baptist are on some occasions thought to be Elijah. John the Baptist was actually described by the Archangel Gabriel as coming

"in the spirit and power of Elijah" .

The birthdays of both John the Baptist and Jesus are significant Celtic festivals. John the Baptist day being Midsummer's Day and Jesus' being the end of the Winter Solstice.


Staying with the Transfiguration theme
We have this from our friend Philippe de Cherisey:

"My dear Roseline, who died on 6 August 1967, the Feast of the Transfiguration, while leaving the Zero Meridian by car." (Circuit p. 108).

Markers on the Couiza Arques road

Here are the Old and new PARIS Meridian markers at the side of the Couiza - Arques road.

Arcas points at the Meridian.

Notice that the Red Shepherd ARCAS points at the line on the tomb

The Meridian.

This tomb was close to Arques

 The Cathar name for Arques is Arcas.

Note the Cathar name for Arques is Arcas.

The Abbé de Fleury was born in Lodève in the Languedoc in 1653 and was the bishop of Fréjus in 1698 and became the preceptor for the young King Louis XV in 1715. He was a member of the Academy of Sciences and was a Cardinal and Prime Minister by 1726 at the age of 73. He extended the library for the King but interestingly he sent many of the members of the Academy of Sciences to the North and to Peru to measure the meridian. He also sent scholars to Egypt and Greece to search for precious manuscripts.

Interestingly Soularac, the snow capped mountain seen above,  is mentioned in a report of a meridian measurement by the well respected astronomer Delambre in 3 volumes of work from 1806 to 1810 that followed ground measurements in 1797 by Méchain here it is referred to as Eastern Peak of the Saint-Bartholémy Mount and the “Peak of Estangtost”. Delambre was born in Amiens in 1749 and was an astronomer and mathematician; he was a remarkable man who had a childhood illness which gave him the fear that he would soon go blind. As a result of this he read every book that was available to him and immersed himself in Greek and Latin literature. He also acquired the ability to memorise entire pages and to recite them verbally word for word. He also became fluent in Italian, English and German and even published a book called “Rules and methods to easily learn English.”. However his interest in astronomy is quite relevant to our story and Delambre’s contribution to the science of Astronomy is so great that he has a crater on the moon named after him.

Delambre published details of the whole project in Base du système métrique. The first of the three volumes, containing the history of measurement of the Earth and the project's triangulation data, was published in 1806. When Delambre presented it to Napoleon, the emperor said:
“Conquests will come and go but this work will endure”

In 1809, Napoleon requested that the Académie des Sciences award a prize for the best scientific publication of the decade, the award went to Delambre for his work on the meridian.

The very word meridian seems to have a curious etymology and can be associated with the name Mary or Mari and is of course any line drawn the shortest distance around the earth’s surface from the North Pole to the South Pole. This would be designated as a datum line usually given zero degrees from which the West/East circumference would be segmented into 360 equal degrees. So each hour the earth will rotate 15 degrees. The word Meridian is largely thought to have stemmed from the Old French word for noon, literally medhyo-dyeu - mid day. However the word dyeu, although now taken to mean day is in fact directly from the word for god and the same base from which the Latin word dei stems. The name for the Indo-European God Jupiter is from the vocative compound dyeu – pater (God father) and Diana is from the Latin Diā – na (literally Moon Goddess). Even Asmodeus is from Aēšma-Daēva, which if we are to translate literally using Zoroastrianism is literally Wrath of God from the Avestan old Persian language.

The marking of the meridian is therefore directly linked to a god or goddess and taken literally could in fact mean the

Goddess Mari – Mari-dyeu.

So we have

A Devils Pond


and mountains with the initials

B and S

And Cursed Treasure

The entrance to Sauniere's church

The Benitier

Under the initials BS

Between the two Salamanders

A Pine Cone.

 Devils stoup

Saunière refers to the concept of Gnosis in his Devil Stoop as you enter his church

The depiction of the Pineal gland the symbol of Isis.

The depictions of the Pine cone in the Catholic Church

Copied by the Roman Catholic Church

The Pineal Gland

The place where it is thought that God lives

The Third Eye

The Grail

 The Pine Cone

An unambiguous PAGAN symbol.

Santos Bonacci explains the significance of the Pineal Gland

The Tree of Knowledge by Alvin Boyd Kuhn (pdf)


But back Philippe de Cherisey.

Remember that Philippe de Cherisey also said:

“Two contrary desires share my heart, glory to publish all that at the great day, and to jealously keep this treasure without ever saying anything. My whole life needs to hesitate and I awake in the same moment that I die….. By the celibacy which is imposed on them the priests are the best guards of treasures than one can conceive…..A priest, because it is concerned [with] Sky and Earth, must meditate on the relationships of astronomy with the geography…..With the difference in the phenomena which should be seen to believe, Cromleck of RLB [Rennes les Bains] is seen only when one believes in it, nothing is really proven there, not even the roulers or hones it posed which will appear readily to the whims of nature.”


So finally this:

"Mesures altimétriques: un point géodésique de "premier ordre"

Après une mesure ponctuelle de notre pic par François de Plantade durant le premier tiers du XVIIIe siècle, les premières mesures géodésiques visant à effectuer un "nivellement général", c'est à dire une détermination de tous les principaux sommets de la chaîne des Pyrénées, remontent aux travaux du géodésien H. Reboul, assisté de l'astronome J. Vidal, entre 1787 et 1789."


"Measurements: a geodetic point of "first order"

After a spot of our peak by François de Plantade during the first third of the 18th century, the first geodetic measurements to make a "general level", it is a determination of the principal summits of the chain of the Pyrenees, date back to the work of the mathematician H. Reboul, assisted by astronomer J. Vidal, between 1787 and 1789."

"Dès ces premières mesures géodésiques, le Pic de Saint-Barthélemy a été considéré, de par son panorama, comme "point géodésique de premier ordre", c'est à dire un point nécessaire à la triangulation principale. Pour le Pic de Saint-Barthélemy, Reboul avait trouvé une élévation de 2322.5 m par des mesures effectuées le 9 septembre 1789 "à la Montagne d'Appy, Tabe, ou St-Barthélemy", et vérifiées par Vidal (cela ne rehaussait que de quelque mètres la mesure de Plantade qui était de 2319 m). Ensuite ces deux mêmes scientifiques avaient entrepris une nouvelle campagne de mesures, plus précise, entre 1816 et 1817, dont les résultats ont été cités par plusieurs auteurs. Le statut de "point géodésique de premier ordre" dont a joui dès le début le Pic de Saint-Barthélemy, fait qu'il a été toisé à chaque nouvelle campagne de mesure."


"From these first geodetic measurements, the peak of Saint-Barthélemy was considered, because of its panorama, as "first-order geodetic point", i.e. a necessary main triangulation point. For the peak of Saint - Barthélemy, Raj had found an elevation of 2322.5 m by September 9, 1789 measurements "on the mountain of Appy, t or St-Barthélemy", and verified by Vidal (this raises to some metres Plantade measurement which was 2319 m). Then these same two scientists had launched a new campaign of measurements more accurate, between 1816 and 1817, whose results have been cited by several authors. The status of "first order geodetic point" enjoyed from the beginning the peak of Saint - Barthélemy, is it been glared at each new measurement campaign."

"Ensuite, il faut savoir que le Pic de Saint-Barthélemy a reçu l'insigne honneur de faire partie de la petite centaine de points remarquables choisis de part et d'autre du "méridien de l'Observatoire" pour mener à bien "la mesure du monde", comme disaient les révolutionnaires, ceci afin de définir une unité de longueur totalement nouvelle et "universelle": le mètre."


 "Then, you should know that the peak of Saint-Bartholémy received the honour to be part of the small hundred selected highlights and after the "meridian of the Observatory" to carry out "the measure of the world", as the revolutionaries, in order to define a completely new and "universal" length unit:

The Meter"


So why is the Meridian important?

Well on the 15th February 1894 a 26 year old French Anarchist called Marshal Boudin ( a contemporary of Saunière) tried to blow up the Greenwich meridian building

Clearly it was important to some.

The correct marking of the Meridian clearly had Military value but also beyond that it had Religious value.



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